Saving Bentley’s brain: Daring surgery aims to fix a gaping hole in baby’s skull
A daring surgery had to put a part of a baby's brain, which was growing outside of his skull, back where it belonged.
Monsanto To Blame? Zika Virus Conspiracy Theory Explained
A group of Argentine physicians have publicly questioned the cause of the outbreak of microcephaly in Brazil, is it the Zika virus or something else? The group is claiming that Monsanto is to blame fo...
Brazil Warns Against Pregnancy Due To Spreading Virus
Brazilian health officials are dishing out some unusual advice these days: Don't get pregnant. That's the message for would-be parents, especially in the country's northeast, after officials linked a ...
Girl who feels no pain could inspire new painkillers
A mutation in one gene means that a girl is unable to sense pain; a discovery that could hold clues for the development of new drugs
Rachischisis
Rachischisis (Greek: "rhachis - ῥάχις" - spine, and "schisis - σχίσις" - split) is a developmental birth defect involving the neural tube. This anomaly occurs in utero, when the posterior neuropore of...
Megalencephaly
Megalencephaly (or Macrencephaly abbreviated MEG) is a growth development disorder in which the brain is abnormally large. It is characterized by a brain with an average weight that is 2.5 standard de...
Central nervous system cyst
A central nervous system cyst is a cyst that primarily presents in the tissue of the central nervous system.Examples include:
Septo-optic dysplasia
Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD), (de Morsier syndrome) is a rare congenital malformation syndrome featuring underdevelopment of the optic nerve, pituitary gland dysfunction, and absence of the septum pell...
Iniencephaly
Iniencephaly, a term derived from the Greek word "inion" for nape of the neck, is a rare type of cephalic disorder that was first described by Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in 1836. Those afflicted ...
Congenital insensitivity to pain
Congenital insensitivity to pain (CIP), also known as congenital analgesia, is one or more rare conditions in which a person cannot feel (and has never felt) physical pain. The conditions described he...
Congenital insensitivity to pain - Wikipedia
Agenesis of the corpus callosum
Agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) is a rare birth defect (congenital disorder) in which there is a complete or partial absence of the corpus callosum. It occurs when the corpus callosum, the band ...
Agenesis of the corpus callosum - Wikipedia
Intracranial pressure
Intracranial pressure (ICP) is the pressure inside the skull and thus in the brain tissue and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The body has various mechanisms by which it keeps the ICP stable, with CSF pres...
Schizencephaly
Schizencephaly (from Greek skhizein, meaning "to split", and enkephalos, meaning "brain") is a rare birth defect characterized by abnormal clefts lined with grey matter that from the...
Schizencephaly - Wikipedia
VLDLR-associated cerebellar hypoplasia
VLDLR-associated cerebellar hypoplasia (VLDLRCH; alternative names: dysequilibrium syndrome, DES; nonprogressive cerebellar disorder with mental retardation) is a rare autosomal recessive condition ca...
Arnold-Chiari malformation
Chiari malformation, also known as Arnold–Chiari malformation, is a condition affecting the brain. It consists of a downward displacement of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum (the ope...
Arnold-Chiari malformation - Wikipedia
Cerebellar hypoplasia (non-human)
Cerebellar hypoplasia is a disorder found in cats and dogs in which the cerebellum is not completely mature at birth.
Usually symptoms of cerebellar hypoplasia can be seen immediately at birth in ...
Spina bifida
Spina bifida (Latin: "split spine") is a developmental congenital disorder caused by the incomplete closing of the embryonic neural tube. Some vertebrae overlying the spinal cord are not fully formed ...
Spina bifida - Wikipedia
Arnold–Chiari malformation
Chiari malformation, also known as Arnold–Chiari malformation, is a condition affecting the brain. It consists of a downward displacement of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum (the ope...
Arnold–Chiari malformation - Wikipedia
Neural tube defect
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are one of the most common birth defects, affecting over 300,000 births globally each year. For example, spina bifida affects approximately 1,500 births annually in the USA,...
Syrinx (medicine)
A syrinx is a rare, fluid-filled neuroglial cavity within the spinal cord (syringomyelia), in the brain stem (syringobulbia), or in the nerves of the elbow, usually in a young age.
Syrinx is taken...
Porencephaly
Porencephaly is an extremely rare cephalic disorder involving encephalomalacia. It is a neurological disorder of the central nervous system characterized with cysts or cavities within the cerebral hem...
Porencephaly - Wikipedia
Anencephaly
Anencephaly is the absence of a major portion of the brain, skull, and scalp that occurs during embryonic development. It is a cephalic disorder that results from a neural tube defect that occurs when...
Anencephaly - Wikipedia
Exencephaly
Exencephaly is a type of cephalic disorder wherein the brain is located outside of the skull. This condition is usually found in embryos as an early stage of anencephaly. As an exencephalic pregnancy ...
Hydrocephalus
Hydrocephalus (from Greek hydro-, meaning "water", and ceph, meaning "head") is a medical condition in which there is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ven...
Hydrocephalus - Wikipedia
Microcephaly
Microcephaly is a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is an important neurologic sign, but no uniformity exists in its definition. It is usually defined as a head circumference (HC) more than two standa...
Microcephaly - Wikipedia
Sturge–Weber syndrome
Sturge–Weber syndrome, sometimes referred to as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a rare congenital neurological and skin disorder. It is one of the phakomatoses and is often associated with port-w...
Sturge–Weber syndrome - Wikipedia
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAM) and Vein of Galen aneurysmal dilations (VGAD) are the most frequent arteriovenous malformations in infants and fetuses. VGAM consisted of a tangled mass o...
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations - Wikipedia
Hemihydranencephaly
Hemihydranencephaly is a severe cephalic disorder characterized by complete or almost complete absence of the cerebral cortex with preservation of meninges, basal ganglia, pons, medulla, cerebellum, a...
Hydranencephaly
Hydranencephaly or hydrancephaly is a condition in which the brain's cerebral hemispheres are absent to varying degrees and the remaining cranial cavity is filled with cerebrospinal fluid.Hydranencep...