Contrastive analysis
Contrastive analysis is the systematic study of a pair of languages with a view to identifying their structural differences and similarities. Historically it has been used to establish language genea...
Accidental Inventions That Changed The World
Don't be so hard on your mistakes. Just look at these accidental inventions that changed the world.
Serendipity - The New York Times
Some of the best decisions and insights come from hallway and cafeteria discussions, meeting new people, and impromptu team meetings
American and British English differences
This is one of a series of articles about the differences between British English and American English, which, for the purposes of these articles, are defined as follows:Written forms of British and A...
Exonym and endonym
In ethnolinguistics, exonyms are names of ethnic groups and where they live which have been applied to them by outsiders, in contrast to endonyms, which are the name used by the group itself. Endonym ...
False friend
False friends are pairs of words or phrases in two languages or dialects (or letters in two alphabets) that look or sound similar, but differ significantly in meaning. An example is the English embarr...
False friend - Wikipedia
Linguistic universals
A linguistic universal is a pattern that occurs systematically across natural languages, potentially true for all of them. For example, All languages have nouns and verbs, or If a language is spoken, ...
Sprachbund
A sprachbund (/ˈsprɑːkbʊnd/; [ˈʃpʁaːxbʊnt], "federation of languages") – also known as a linguistic area, area of linguistic convergence, diffusion area or language crossroads – is a group of language...
Sprachbund - Wikipedia
Mesoamerican language area
The Mesoamerican language area is a sprachbund containing many of the languages natively spoken in the cultural area of Mesoamerica. This sprachbund is defined by an array of syntactic, lexical and ph...
Expressive loan
An expressive loan is a loanword incorporated into the expressive system of the borrowing language, making it resemble native words or onomatopoeia. Expressive loanwords are hard to identify, and by ...
List of replaced loanwords in Turkish
Contemporary Turkish includes Ottoman Turkish loanwords—mostly of Arabic and French, but also Persian, Greek, and Italian origin—which were replaced with their Turkish counterparts suggested by the Tu...
List of replaced loanwords in Turkish - Wikipedia
Names of China
In China, common names for China include Zhongguo (中國/中国) and Zhonghua (中華/中华), while Han (漢/汉) and Tang (唐) are common names given for the Chinese ethnicity. Other names include Huaxia, Shenzhou and ...
Names of China - Wikipedia
Balkan sprachbund
The Balkan sprachbund or language area is the ensemble of areal features—similarity in grammar, syntax, vocabulary and phonology—among the languages of the Balkans. Several features are found across t...
Balkan sprachbund - Wikipedia
Pseudo-anglicism
Pseudo-anglicisms are words in languages other than English which were borrowed from English but are used in a way native English speakers would not readily recognize or understand. Pseudo-anglicisms ...
Vietnamese phonology
This article is a technical description of the sound system of the Vietnamese language, including phonetics and phonology.
Two main varieties of Vietnamese, Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, are describ...
Vietnamese phonology - Wikipedia
Egyptian Arabic
Egyptian Arabic is the language spoken by most contemporary Egyptians.It is more commonly known locally as the Egyptian colloquial language or Egyptian dialect. Look below for local namings.Egyptian A...
Mithridates de differentis linguis
Conrad Gessner (also Konrad Gesner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. He was well known as...
Mithridates de differentis linguis - Wikipedia
Serendipity
Serendipity means a "fortunate happenstance" or "pleasant surprise". It was coined by Horace Walpole in 1754. In a letter he wrote to a friend Walpole explained an unexpected discovery he had made by...
Serendipity - Wikipedia
List of country names in various languages (J–P)
Most countries of the world have different names in different languages. Some countries have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known alterna...
List of country names in various languages (J–P) - Wikipedia
False cognate
False cognates are pairs of words in the same or different languages that are similar in form and meaning but have different roots. That is, they appear to be, or are sometimes considered, cognates, ...
Object–verb–subject
In linguistic typology, object–verb–subject (OVS) or object–verb–agent (OVA) is a rare permutation of word order. OVS denotes the sequence object–verb–subject in unmarked expressions: Oranges ate Sam,...
Saudade
Saudade ([sɐwˈðaðɨ], [sawˈdadi] or [sawˈdadʒi], [sawˈðaðe]; plural saudades) is a word in Portuguese and Galician that has no direct translation in English. It describes a deep emotional state of nost...
Saudade - Wikipedia
Cross-linguistic onomatopoeias
Because of the nature of onomatopoeia, there are many words which show a similar pronunciation in the languages of the world. The following is a list of some conventional examples: