Cretan State
The Cretan State (Greek: Κρητική Πολιτεία, Kritiki Politia; Ottoman Turkish: كريد دولتى, Girit Devleti), was established in 1898, following the intervention by the Great Powers (Brita...
Cretan State - Wikipedia
History of Crete
The History of Crete goes back to the 7th millennium BC, preceding the ancient Minoan civilization by more than four millennia. The Minoan civilization was the first civilization in Europe and the fir...
History of Crete - Wikipedia
Theriso revolt
The Theriso revolt (Greek: Η Επανάσταση του Θερίσου) was an insurrection that broke out in March 1905 against the government of Crete, then an autonomous state under Ottoman suzerainty. The revolt...
Theriso revolt - Wikipedia
Battle of Greece
The Battle of Greece (also known as Operation Marita, German: Unternehmen Marita) is the common name for the invasion of Greece by Germany and Italy in April 1941. It is concomitant to the stalled...
Battle of Greece - Wikipedia
William Job Maillard
Staff Surgeon William Job Maillard VC (10 March 1863 – 10 September 1903) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the ...
William Job Maillard - Wikipedia
Crete Vilayet
The island of Crete (Ottoman Turkish: گریت; Girīt) was declared an Ottoman province (eyalet) in 1646, after the Ottomans managed to conquer the western part of the island as part of the Cretan War...
Crete Vilayet - Wikipedia
Cretan Gendarmerie
The Cretan Gendarmerie (Greek: Κρητική Χωροφυλακή) was a gendarmerie force created under the Cretan State, after the island of Crete gained autonomy from Ottoman rule in the late 19th century. It ...
Cretan Gendarmerie - Wikipedia
John Shaul
John David Francis Shaul VC (11 September 1873 – 14 September 1953) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that c...
John Shaul - Wikipedia
Treaty of Constantinople (1897)
The Treaty of Constantinople was a treaty between the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Greece signed on 4 December 1897 following the Greco-Turkish War of 1897.
The island of Crete was a part of ...
Pact of Halepa
The Pact of Halepa was an agreement made in 1878 between the Ottoman Empire (then ruled by the Sultan Abdul Hamid II) and the representatives of several European states. It was signed at Halepa (now a...
Mycenaean civilization
Mycenaean Greece refers to the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece (ca. 1600–1100 BC). It takes its name from the archaeological site of Mycenae in Argolis, Peloponnese, southern Greece. Ot...
Mycenaean civilization - Wikipedia
John Gough (VC)
Brigadier General Sir John Edmond Gough VC, KCB, CMG (/ˈɡɒf/; 25 October 1871 – 22 February 1915), known as Johnnie Gough, was born in Muree, India and was a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the...
John Gough (VC) - Wikipedia
Greco-Turkish War (1897)
The Greco-Turkish War of 1897, also called the Thirty Days' War and known in Greece as the Black '97 or the Unfortunate War, was a war fought between the Kingdom of Greece and Ottoman Empire. Its imme...
Greco-Turkish War (1897) - Wikipedia
Siege of Candia
The Siege of Candia (modern Heraklion, Crete) was a military conflict in which Ottoman forces besieged the Venetian-ruled city and were ultimately victorious. Lasting from 1648 to 1669, it was the lon...
Siege of Candia - Wikipedia
Battle of Crete
The Battle of Crete (German: Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta; Greek: Μάχη της Κρήτης) was a battle fought during World War II on the Greek island of Crete. It began on the morning of 20 May 1941, w...
Battle of Crete - Wikipedia
Austrian post offices in Crete
This article provides an overview of the Austrian post-offices presence in Crete and the use of French currency on Austrian stamps in the Ottoman empire.
Along with several other nations, the Aust...
Austrian post offices in Crete - Wikipedia
Balkan Wars
The Balkan Wars were two conflicts that took place in the Balkan Peninsula in south-eastern Europe in 1912 and 1913. Four Balkan states defeated the Ottoman Empire in the first war; one of the four, ...
Balkan Wars - Wikipedia
Emirate of Crete
The Emirate of Crete (Arabic: إمارة كريت‎ ‘Imārah Krīt) was a Muslim state that existed on the Mediterranean island of Crete from the late 820s to the Byzantine reconquest of the island in 9...
Emirate of Crete - Wikipedia
Minoan eruption
The Minoan eruption of Thera, also referred to as the Thera eruption or Santorini eruption, was a major catastrophic volcanic eruption with a Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 6 or 7 and a dense-roc...
Minoan eruption - Wikipedia
1810 Crete earthquake
The 1810 Crete earthquake occurred at 22:15 on 16 February. It caused great destruction in Heraklion, some damage from Malta to northern Egypt and was felt from central Italy to Syria. 2,000 casualtie...
1810 Crete earthquake - Wikipedia
Charles Doughty-Wylie
Lieutenant Colonel Charles Hotham Montagu Doughty-Wylie VC CB CMG (23 July 1868 – 26 April 1915) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross. Doughty-Wylie was also posthumously awa...
Charles Doughty-Wylie - Wikipedia
Greek War of Independence
The Greek War of Independence, also known as the Greek Revolution (Greek: Ελληνική Επανάσταση, Elliniki Epanastasi; Ottoman: يونان عصياني Yunan İsyanı "Greek Uprising"), was a successful war of in...
Greek War of Independence - Wikipedia
Ioannis Sfakianakis
Ioannis Sfakianakis (1848–1924) was a Cretan politician of the late 19th century with a significant contribution in the political life of the island and the union with Greece. After his medical studie...
Ioannis Sfakianakis - Wikipedia
Minotaur
In Greek mythology, the Minotaur (/ˈmaɪnətɔː/, /ˈmɪnəˌtɔr/; Ancient Greek: Μῑνώταυρος [miːnɔ̌ːtau̯ros], Latin: Minotaurus, Etruscan Θevrumineś), was a creature with the head of a bull ...
Minotaur - Wikipedia
French post offices in Crete
The French post offices in Crete were among a collection of post offices maintained by foreign countries during the 1900s in Crete, after Crete had broken away from the Ottoman Empire and before it un...
French post offices in Crete - Wikipedia
Fourth Crusade
The Fourth Crusade (1202–04) was a Western European expedition which was originally intended to conquer Muslim-controlled Jerusalem by means of an invasion through Egypt. However in January 1203, en r...
Fourth Crusade - Wikipedia
Eleftherios Venizelos
Eleftherios Venizelos (full name Elefthérios Kyriákou Venizélos, Greek: Ἐλευθέριος Κυριάκου Βενιζέλος; [elefˈθerios ciriˈaku veniˈzelos]; 23 August 1864 – 18 March 1936) was an eminent Greek leade...
Eleftherios Venizelos - Wikipedia
Constitution of the Cretan State
The Constitution of the Cretan State (Greek: Σύνταγμα της Κρητικής Πολιτείας) was the constitution of the Cretan State, an autonomous state under Ottoman suzerainty and guaranteed by the Great Pow...
Constitution of the Cretan State - Wikipedia
Great Fire of Smyrna
The Great Fire of Smyrna or the Catastrophe of Smyrna (Greek: Καταστροφή της Σμύρνης, "Smyrna Catastrophe"; Turkish: 1922 İzmir Yangını, "1922 Izmir Fire"; Armenian: Զմյուռնիոյ Մեծ Հրդեհ)...
Great Fire of Smyrna - Wikipedia