Criticism of the Qur'an
While the Quran is the scriptural foundation of Islam, criticism of the Quran has frequently occurred. Critics have made allegations of scientific, theological, and historical errors, claims of contra...
Criticism of the Qur'an - Wikipedia
Historicity of Muhammad
Muslim religious scholars rely primarily for their understanding of the life of Muhammad on the Qur'an, which gives very little information, and whose historicity has been questioned, and on the sīra ...
Historicity of Muhammad - Wikipedia
Wahy
Wahi (Arabic: وحي‎ waḥy, [waħj]) is the Arabic word for revelation. In Islamic belief, revelations are God's Word delivered by His chosen individuals – known as Messengers prophets – to the ...
Quran and miracles
Muslims consider the Quran, the holy book of Islam, as the word of God and a miracle. According to Islamic tradition, the Quran was revealed miraculously to Muhammad by Allah (God) through angel, Jibr...
Legends and the Quran
This article considers the relationship between the Qur'an, the central religious text of Islam, and pre-Islamic mythology and legends.Early in Islamic history, debates over the role of Jewish mytholo...
Legends and the Quran - Wikipedia
Satanic verses
The Satanic Verses are a small number of verses that, in traditional Islamic interpretation, were said to have been temporarily included in the Qur'an by the Islamic prophet Muhammad, only to be later...
Satanic verses - Wikipedia
Islamic ethics
Islamic ethics (أخلاق إسلامية), defined as "good character," historically took shape gradually from the 7th century and was finally established by the 11th century. It was eventually shaped as a succe...
Quran and violence
The Quran's teachings on violence and war have long been topics of heated debate. Verses in the text, such as, "Fight in the name of your religion with those who fight against you," seem to many to b...
Islam and domestic violence
The relationship between Islam and domestic violence is disputed. Even among Muslims, the uses and interpretations of sharia, the moral code and religious law of Islam, lack consensus.Conservative int...
Islam and domestic violence - Wikipedia
An-Nisa, 34
In the Qur'an, verse 34 of Surah an-Nisa (abbreviated as 4:34) concerns the issue of marital relations in Islam. This verse is interpreted by some Muslims as giving women a degree of autonomy over the...
Shura
Shura (Arabic: شورى shūrā) is an Arabic word for "consultation". The Quran and Muhammad encourage Muslims to decide their affairs in consultation with those who will be affected by that decision.Shura...
Opinion of Islamic scholars on Jihad
Jihad connotes a wide range of meanings: anything from an inward spiritual struggle to attain perfect faith to a political or military struggle. This article presents opinions of different scholars on...
Qur'an and science
Islam and science addresses the relationships between the religion of Islam, its adherents' (Muslims) communities and the activities known collectively as science. As with all other branches of human ...
Divorce (Islamic)
In the laws of Islam (sharia) there are three kinds of divorce, each with separate rules. When a man has initiated a divorce, the procedure is called ṭalāq (Arabic: الطلاق‎). When a husban...
Islam and animals
In Islam, the Qur'an strongly enjoins Muslims to treat animals with compassion and not to abuse them. All creatures are believed to praise God, even if this praise is not expressed in human language.T...
Islam and animals - Wikipedia
Defensive jihad
Defensive jihad, in contrast with offensive jihad, is the defense of Muslim communities. Islamic tradition holds that when Muslims are attacked, then it becomes obligatory for all Muslims of that land...
Early reforms under Islam
Many social changes took place under Islam between 610 and 661, including the period of Muhammad's mission and the rule of his four immediate successors who established the Rashidun Caliphate.Historia...
Early reforms under Islam - Wikipedia
Offensive jihad
Offensive jihad (Arabic: جهاد الطلب‎, Jihād al-ṭalab), in contrast with Defensive jihad, is armed Jihad meant to expand the realm of Islam (Dar al Islam) at the expense of the House of War (...
Ijma
Ijmāʿ (إجماع) is an Arabic term referring to the consensus or agreement of the Muslim community basically on religious issues. Various schools of thought within Islamic jurisprudence may define this ...
Prisoners of war in Islam
The rules and regulations concerning prisoners of war in Islam are covered in manuals of Islamic jurisprudence, based upon Islamic teachings, in both the Qur'an and hadith.The historical legal princi...
Islamic feminism
Islamic feminism is a form of feminism concerned with the role of women in Islam. It aims for the full equality of all Muslims, regardless of gender, in public and private life. Islamic feminists advo...
Islamic feminism - Wikipedia
Women in Islam
Women in Islam are guided by primary Islamic sources of personal law, namely the Quran and hadiths, as well as secondary sources such as the ijma, qiyas, ijtihad in form such as fatwas; the secondary ...
Women in Islam - Wikipedia
Bimaristan
Bimaristan is a Persian word (بیمارستان bīmārestān) meaning "hospital", with Bimar- from Middle Persian (Pahlavi) of vīmār or vemār, meaning "sick" plus -stan as location and place suffix. In the medi...
Bimaristan - Wikipedia
Naskh (tafsir)
Naskh (نسخ) is an Arabic language word usually translated as "abrogation"; it shares the same root as the words appearing in the phrase al-nāsikh wal-mansūkh (الناسخ والمنسوخ, "the abrogating and abro...
At-Tawba 5
The so-called Sword Verse (ayat as-sayf) is the fifth verse of the ninth sura (Surat at-Tawbah) of the Qur'an.It is a widely-cited Qur'anic call to violence against "pagans" ("idolators", mushrikun),...
Hadith
Hadith (/ˈhædɪθ/ or /hɑːˈdiːθ/; Arabic: حديث‎) in Islamic religious use is often translated as "prophetic traditions", meaning the corpus of the reports of the teachings, deeds and say...
Hadith - Wikipedia
Islamic military jurisprudence
Islamic military jurisprudence refers to what has been accepted in Sharia (Islamic law) and Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) by Ulama (Islamic scholars) as the correct Islamic manner which is expected to ...
Bayt al-mal
Bayt al-mal is an Arabic term that is translated as "House of money" or "House of Wealth." Historically, it was a financial institution responsible for the administration of taxes in Islamic states, p...
Bayt al-mal - Wikipedia
Peace In Islamic Thought
The Arabic word salaam (سلام) ("secured, pacified, submitted") has the same root as the word Islam. One Islamic interpretation is that individual personal peace is attained by utterly submitting to A...
Islamic psychology
Islamic psychology or ʿIlm al-Nafs (Arabic,علم النفس), the science of the Nafs ("self" or "psyche"), refers to the medical and philosophical study of the psyche from an Islamic perspective and address...
Scientific foreknowledge in sacred texts
Scientific foreknowledge in sacred texts is the belief that certain sacred texts document an awareness of the natural world that was later discovered by technology and science. This includes the belie...