Date of the crucifixion
A chronology of Jesus aims to establish a timeline for the major historical events in the life of Jesus. The Christian gospels were primarily written as theological documents rather than historical ch...
Date of the crucifixion - Wikipedia
Historicity of Jesus
The historicity of Jesus concerns whether Jesus of Nazareth existed as a historical figure, whether the episodes portrayed in the gospels can be confirmed as historical events as opposed to myth, lege...
Pilate's Court
In the canonical gospels, Pilate's court refers to the trial of Jesus in praetorium before Pontius Pilate, preceded by the Sanhedrin preliminary hearing. In the Gospel of Luke, Pilate finds that Jesus...
Pilate's Court - Wikipedia
Tacitus on Christ
The Roman historian and senator Tacitus referred to Christ, his execution by Pontius Pilate and the existence of early Christians in Rome in one page of his final work, Annals (written ca. AD 116), bo...
Tacitus on Christ - Wikipedia
Jesus at Herod's Court
Jesus at Herod's court refers to an episode in the New Testament which describes Jesus being sent to Herod Antipas in Jerusalem, prior to his crucifixion. This episode is only described in the Gospel ...
Jesus at Herod's Court - Wikipedia
True Cross
The True Cross is the name for physical remnants which, by a Christian tradition, are believed to be from the cross upon which Jesus was crucified.According to post-Nicene historians such as Socrates ...
True Cross - Wikipedia
Pauline epistles
The Pauline epistles, Epistles of Paul, or Letters of Paul, are the thirteen New Testament books which have the name Paul (Παῦλος) as the first word, hence claiming authorship by Paul the Apostle. Amo...
Pauline epistles - Wikipedia
Death of Jesus (book)
The Death Of Jesus is a textual analysis of the New Testament, with the premise that any material that corroborates Christian doctrine is probably propaganda.
Sayings of Jesus on the cross
The Sayings of Jesus on the cross (also called the Seven Last Words from the Cross) are seven expressions traditionally attributed to Jesus during his crucifixion, gathered from the four Canonical Gos...
Sayings of Jesus on the cross - Wikipedia
Nazareth
Nazareth (/ˈnæzərəθ/; Aramaic: ܢܨܪܬ‎, Naṣrath; Hebrew: נָצְרַת, Naṣrat, Arabic: النَّاصِرَة‎, an-Nāṣira) is the largest city in the North District of Israel. Nazareth is known as "the...
Nazareth - Wikipedia
Quartodecimanism
Quartodecimanism (from the Vulgate Latin quarta decima in Leviticus 23:5, meaning fourteenth) refers to the custom of early Christians celebrating Passover beginning with the eve of the 14th day of Ni...
Slavonic Josephus
Slavonic Josephus refers to a set of manuscripts that were once attributed to the ancient historian Flavius Josephus, but have since been mostly discredited. Josephus wrote all of his surviving works ...
Slavonic Josephus - Wikipedia
Tomb of Jesus
Several places have been proposed as the tomb of Jesus, the place where Jesus was buried:
The Passover Plot
The Passover Plot is a controversial, best-selling 1965 book, by British biblical scholar Hugh J. Schonfield who also published a translation of the New Testament with a Jewish perspective.
Based...
The Passover Plot - Wikipedia
The Jesus Family Tomb
The Jesus Family Tomb: The Discovery, the Investigation, and the Evidence That Could Change History (ISBN 0061192023) is a controversial book by Simcha Jacobovici and Charles R. Pellegrino (with a For...
The Jesus Family Tomb - Wikipedia
Historical background of New Testament
Most scholars who study the Historical Jesus and Early Christianity believe that the Canonical Gospels and life of Jesus must be viewed as firmly placed within his historical and cultural context, ra...
Historical background of New Testament - Wikipedia
Caiaphas
Joseph Caiaphas, known simply as Caiaphas (Greek: Καϊάφας) in the New Testament, was the Jewish high priest who is said to have organized the plot to kill Jesus. Caiaphas is also said to have bee...
Caiaphas - Wikipedia
Thallus (historian)
Thallus (Greek: Θαλλός) was an early historian who wrote in Koine Greek. He wrote a three-volume history of the Mediterranean world from before the Trojan War to the 167th Olympiad, c. 112-109 BC....
Thallus (historian) - Wikipedia
Proselyte
The biblical term "proselyte" is an anglicization of the Koine Greek term προσήλυτος/proselytos, as used in the Greek Old Testament for "stranger", i.e. a "newcomer to Israel"; a "sojourner in the lan...
Church of the Holy Sepulchre
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Latin: ecclesia Sancti Sepulchri; Hebrew: כנסיית הקבר הקדוש‎, Knesiyat HaKever HaKadosh) also called the Church of the Resurrection by Orthodox Christians; ...
Church of the Holy Sepulchre - Wikipedia
Calvary
Calvary, also Golgotha /ˈɡɒlɡəθə/, was, according to the Gospels, a site immediately outside Jerusalem's walls where Jesus was crucified. Golgotha(s) (Γολγοθάς) is the Greek transcription in the New T...
Calvary - Wikipedia
Census of Quirinius
The Census of Quirinius was the enrollment of population of the Roman provinces of Syria and Judaea, for tax purposes, in 6/7 CE. The Census was taken during the reign of Augustus (27 BCE – 14 CE), wh...
Census of Quirinius - Wikipedia
Rennes-le-Château
Rennes-le-Château (Rènnas del Castèl in Occitan) is a small commune approximately 5 km (3 miles) south of Couiza, in the Aude department in Languedoc in southern France.This small French hilltop...
Rennes-le-Château - Wikipedia
Crucifixion of Jesus
The crucifixion of Jesus occurred during the 1st century AD, most probably between the years 30 and 33. According to the accounts in the New Testament, Jesus, whom Christians believe to be the Son of ...
Crucifixion of Jesus - Wikipedia
Historical Jesus
The term "historical Jesus" refers to attempts to "reconstruct the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth by critical historical methods", in "contrast to Christological definitions ('the dogmatic Ch...
Historical Jesus - Wikipedia
The Jesus Dynasty
The Jesus Dynasty is a book written by James Tabor in which he develops the hypothesis that the original Jesus movement was a dynastic one, with the intention of overthrowing the rule of Herod Antipas...
The Jesus Dynasty - Wikipedia
Lucian on Jesus
The Passing of Peregrinus or The Death of Peregrinus (Greek: Περὶ τῆς Περεγρίνου Τελευτῆς; Latin: De Morte Peregrini) is a satire by the Syrian Greek writer Lucian in which the lead character,...
Joseph of Arimathea
Joseph of Arimathea was, according to all four canonical Gospels, the man who donated his own prepared tomb for the burial of Jesus after Jesus' crucifixion. A number of stories that developed during ...
Joseph of Arimathea - Wikipedia
Jewish Christian
Jewish Christians, also Hebrew Christians or Judeo-Christians, were the original members of the Jewish movement that later became Christianity. In the earliest stage the community was made up of all t...
Historical reliability of the Acts of the Apostles
The historical reliability of the Acts of the Apostles, the principal historical source for the Apostolic Age, is a major issue for biblical scholars and historians of Early Christianity, with the deb...