Zond 1
Zond 1 was a member of the Soviet Zond program. It was the second Soviet research spacecraft to reach Venus, although communications had failed by that time. It carried a 90 cm spherical landing ...
Zond 1 - Wikipedia
Stardust (spacecraft)
Stardust was a 300-kilogram robotic space probe launched by NASA on February 7, 1999. Its primary mission was to collect dust samples from the coma of comet Wild 2, as well as samples of cosmic dust, ...
Stardust (spacecraft) - Wikipedia
Pioneer 10
Pioneer 10 (originally designated Pioneer F) is an American space probe, weighing 258 kilograms, that completed the first mission to the planet Jupiter. Thereafter, Pioneer 10 became the first spacec...
Pioneer 10 - Wikipedia
NEAR Shoemaker
The Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous - Shoemaker (NEAR Shoemaker), renamed after its 1996 launch in honor of planetary scientist Eugene Shoemaker, was a robotic space probe designed by the Johns Hopkin...
NEAR Shoemaker - Wikipedia
Venera 15
Venera 15 (Russian: Венера-15 meaning Venus 15) was a spacecraft sent to Venus by the Soviet Union. This unmanned orbiter was to map the surface of Venus using high resolution imaging systems. The...
Venera 15 - Wikipedia
Nozomi (spacecraft)
Nozomi (のぞみ) (Japanese for "Wish" or "Hope," and known before launch as Planet-B) was planned as a Mars-orbiting aeronomy probe, but was unable to achieve Mars orbit due to electrical failures. Oper...
Giotto (spacecraft)
Giotto was a European robotic spacecraft mission from the European Space Agency. The spacecraft flew by and studied Halley's Comet and in doing so became the first spacecraft to make close up observat...
Giotto (spacecraft) - Wikipedia
Ulysses (spacecraft)
Ulysses is a decommissioned robotic space probe whose primary mission was to orbit the Sun and study it at all latitudes. It was launched in 1990, studied the Sun in 1994/1995 and then once more in 20...
Ulysses (spacecraft) - Wikipedia
Mars Global Surveyor
Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) was a US spacecraft developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and launched November 1996. Mars Global Surveyor was a global mapping mission that examined the entire plan...
Mars Global Surveyor - Wikipedia
International Cometary Explorer
The International Cometary Explorer (ICE) spacecraft (designed and launched as the International Sun/Earth Explorer 3 (ISEE-3) satellite), was launched August 12, 1978, into a heliocentric orbit. It w...
International Cometary Explorer - Wikipedia
Mariner 2
Mariner 2 (Mariner-Venus 1962), an American space probe to Venus, was the first robotic space probe to conduct a successful planetary encounter. The first successful spacecraft in the NASA Mariner pr...
Mariner 2 - Wikipedia
Venera 1
Venera 1 (Russian: Венера-1 meaning Venus 1), also known as Venera-1VA No.2 and occasionally in the West as Sputnik 8 was the first spacecraft to fly past Venus, as part of the Soviet Union's Vene...
Suisei (spacecraft)
Suisei (すいせい; Japanese for Comet), originally known as Planet-A, was an unmanned space probe developed by the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (now part of the Japanese Aerospace Explorati...
Suisei (spacecraft) - Wikipedia
Mariner 3
Mariner 3 (together with Mariner 4 known as Mariner-Mars 1964) was one of two identical deep-space probes designed and built by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) for NASA's Mariner-Mars 1964 project...
Mariner 3 - Wikipedia
Mariner 9
Mariner 9 (Mariner Mars '71 / Mariner-I) was an unmanned NASA space probe that contributed greatly to the exploration of Mars and was part of the Mariner program. Mariner 9 was launched toward Mars on...
Mariner 9 - Wikipedia
Deep Space 1
Deep Space 1 (DS1) is a spacecraft of the NASA New Millennium Program dedicated to testing a payload of advanced, high risk technologies.Launched on 24 October 1998, the Deep Space mission carried o...
Deep Space 1 - Wikipedia
Vega 1
Vega 1 (along with its twin Vega 2) is a Soviet space probe part of the Vega program. The spacecraft was a development of the earlier Venera craft. They were designed by Babakin Space Centre and const...
Vega 1 - Wikipedia
Pioneer 6, 7, 8, and 9
Pioneer 6, 7, 8, and 9 were space probes in the Pioneer program. Together, they formed a series of solar-orbiting, spin-stabilized, solar-cell and battery-powered satellites designed to obtain measure...
Pioneer 6, 7, 8, and 9 - Wikipedia
Mariner 6 and 7
As part of NASA's wider Mariner program, Mariner 6 and Mariner 7 (Mariner Mars 69A and Mariner Mars 69B) completed the first dual mission to Mars in 1969. Mariner 6 was launched from Launch Complex 36...
Mariner 6 and 7 - Wikipedia
Helios (spacecraft)
Helios-A and Helios-B (also known as Helios 1 and Helios 2), are a pair of probes launched into heliocentric orbit for the purpose of studying solar processes. A joint venture of the Federal Repub...
Helios (spacecraft) - Wikipedia
Zond 2
Zond 2 was a 1964 space probe, a member of the Soviet Zond program, and was the fifth Soviet spacecraft to attempt a flyby of Mars. (See Exploration of Mars)Zond-2 carried a phototelevision camera of ...
Zond 2 - Wikipedia
Deep Impact (spacecraft)
Deep Impact was a NASA space probe launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station at 18:47 UTC on January 12, 2005. It was designed to study the interior composition of the comet Tempel 1 (9P/Tempel),...
Deep Impact (spacecraft) - Wikipedia
Phobos program
The Phobos (Russian: Фобос, Fobos, Greek: Φόβος) program was an unmanned space mission consisting of two probes launched by the Soviet Union to study Mars and its moons Phobos and Deimos. Pho...
Phobos program - Wikipedia
Mariner 4
Mariner 4 (together with Mariner 3 known as Mariner–Mars 1964) was the fourth in a series of spacecraft intended for planetary exploration in a flyby mode. It was designed to conduct closeup scientifi...
Mariner 4 - Wikipedia
Mariner 5
Mariner 5 (Mariner Venus 1967) was a spacecraft of the Mariner program that carried a complement of experiments to probe Venus' atmosphere by radio occultation, measure the hydrogen Lyman-alpha (hard ...
Mariner 5 - Wikipedia