Digestive system
In the human digestive system, the process of digestion has many stages, the first of which starts in the mouth (oral cavity). Digestion involves the breakdown of food into smaller and smaller compone...
Digestive system - Wikipedia
Gut Bacteria Signature Shows Link to Depression
The first population-level study on the link between gut bacteria and mental health identifies specific gut bacteria linked to depression and provides evidence that a wide range of gut bacteria can pr...
The Appendix is important For Your Immune System
The Appendix is important For Your Immune System.
The Brain in the Belly - Video with Emily Rosen
One of the most fascinating developments in the field of nutritional science in recent years has been the discovery of the enteric nervous system, known as the “gut brain” or the “brain in the belly.”...
FDA Approves First 'Artificial Pancreas' for Diabetes
The FDA approves the first artificial pancreas. The device is an automated insulin pump, known as the MiniMed 670G. It was developed by medical device compan...
Gut Bacteria May Be Linked To 'Dangerous' Body Fat
The BBC reports that, "The make-up of the bacteria found in human faeces may influence levels of dangerous fat in our bodies."
Low-Fiber Diets Kill Off Some Species of Gut Bacteria
Over generations, mice deprived of fiber permanently lost some species of gut microbes. What does this mean for human health?
Diabetes: Conversion Of Skin Cells To Produce Insulin Could Lead To New Treatments
Scientists have converted human skin cells into the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. The development could lead to new treatments for patients with diabetes using tissue transplants derived fr...
Artificial pancreas entering clinical trials for long-term use
Researchers are mounting two clinical trials for an artificial pancreas device that monitors blood glucose and alters insulin levels automatically.
Preventive, 'no-drill' dentistry can stop tooth decay
Researchers found that not all tooth decay is created equal: In many cases, decay can be treated, stopped and reversed, preventing the traditional "drill and fill." Using fluoride, improving brushing...
New Test May Improve Diagnosis And Treatment Of Pancreatobiliary Cancer
By collecting samples from the portal vein—which carries blood from the gastrointestinal tract, including from the pancreas, to the liver—physicians can learn far more about a patient’s pancreatic can...
New Treatment Potential For Heart Attack Sufferers
New hope in the fight against cardiovascular disease has arrived, following breakthrough research identifying a pigment in our bile which could protect us. A fluid produced by the liver and stored in ...
Competition Between 'Good Bacteria' Important For Healthy Gut, Say Researchers
The vital ecosystem of bacteria in the human gut operates like a jungle, with competition between microbes helping maintain the stability necessary to keep us healthy. That's according to scientists a...
Surprise find: Pompeii residents had 'perfect teeth'
High-tech scans of Pompeii residents killed in the long-ago eruption of Mount Vesuvius have provided two revelations: They had amazing teeth, and many were killed by falling masonry and other objects—...
SLEEP ON THE LEFT SIDE IS GOOD FOR HEALTH
The position that we take while sleeping has a significant influence on our digestion. In ancient times, the monks used to lie down after each meal just for ten minutes to improve the digestive proces...
Scientists Show A Link Between Intestinal Bacteria And Depression
The research explains the complex mechanisms of interaction and dynamics between the gut microbiota and its host. Data show that relatively minor changes in microbiota profiles or its metabolic activi...
Mouth (human)
In human anatomy, the mouth is the first portion of the alimentary canal that receives food and saliva. The oral mucosa is the mucous membrane epithelium lining the inside of the mouth.In addition to ...
Mouth (human) - Wikipedia
Esophagus
The esophagus (American English) or oesophagus (British English), commonly known as the foodpipe or gullet, is an organ in vertebrates which consists of a fibromuscular tube through which food passes,...
Esophagus - Wikipedia
Stomach
The stomach is a muscular, hollow, dilated part of the digestive system which functions as an important organ of the digestive tract in some animals, including vertebrates, echinoderms, insects (mid-g...
Stomach - Wikipedia
Small intestine
The small intestine (or small bowel) is the part of the GI tract following the stomach and followed by the large intestine, and is where much of the digestion and absorption of food takes place. The s...
Small intestine - Wikipedia
Large intestine
The large intestine is the last part of the digestive system in vertebrates. Water is absorbed here and the remaining waste material is stored as feces before being removed by defecation.Terminologia ...
Large intestine - Wikipedia
Secretion
Secretion is the process of elaborating, releasing, and oozing chemicals, or a secreted chemical substance from a cell or gland. In contrast to excretion, the substance may have a certain function, ra...
Enteric nervous system
The enteric nervous system (ENS) or intrinsic nervous system is one of the main divisions of the nervous system and consists of a mesh-like system of neurons that governs the function of the gastroint...
Enteric nervous system - Wikipedia
Bile acid
Bile acids are steroid acids found predominantly in the bile of mammals and other vertebrates. Different molecular forms of bile acids can be synthesized in the liver by different species. Bile acids...
Bile acid - Wikipedia
Colon (anatomy)
The large intestine is the last part of the digestive system in vertebrates. Water is absorbed here and the remaining waste material is stored as feces before being removed by defecation.Terminologia ...
Colon (anatomy) - Wikipedia
Excretion
Excretion is the process by which waste products of metabolism and other non-useful materials are eliminated from an organism. In vertebrates this is primarily carried out by the lungs, kidneys and sk...
Flatulence
Flatulence is defined in the medical literature as "flatus expelled through the anus" or the "quality or state of being flatulent", which is defined in turn as "marked by or affected with gases genera...
Flatulence - Wikipedia
Gallbladder
In vertebrates the gallbladder (also gall bladder, biliary vesicle or cholecyst), is a small organ where bile (a fluid produced by the liver) is stored and concentrated before it is released into the ...
Gallbladder - Wikipedia
Gut flora
Gut flora or, more appropriately, gut microbiota, consists of a complex community of microorganism species that live in the digestive tracts of animals and is the largest reservoir of microorganisms ...