Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire
The period of defeat and dissolution of the Ottoman Empire (1908–1922) began at a moment of hope and promise following the Young Turk Revolution which restored the Ottoman constitution of 1876 and the...
Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia
8 Things You May Not Know About The Gallipoli Campaign
On April 25, 1915, British-led troops poured onto the Ottoman Empire’s Gallipoli Peninsula in what was then the largest amphibious assault ever attempted. The plan, thought up once World War I’s Weste...
Armenian massacre: Why Turkey won't say the G-word
CNN Religion Commentator Father Edward Beck explains why Pope Francis chose Sunday to refer to mass killings of Armenians by Turks during WWII as 'genocide.'
Second Constitutional Era (Ottoman Empire)
The Second Constitutional Era (Ottoman Turkish: ايکنجى مشروطيت دورى; Turkish: İkinci Meşrûtiyyet Devri) of the Ottoman Empire established shortly after the 1908 Young Turk Revolution which for...
Second Constitutional Era (Ottoman Empire) - Wikipedia
Cretan State
The Cretan State (Greek: Κρητική Πολιτεία, Kritiki Politia; Ottoman Turkish: كريد دولتى, Girit Devleti), was established in 1898, following the intervention by the Great Powers (Brita...
Cretan State - Wikipedia
Albanian nationalism and independence
The Albanian National Awakening or the National Renaissance or the National Revival (Albanian: Rilindja Kombëtare) refers to the period in the history of Albania from 1870 until the Albanian Decla...
Albanian nationalism and independence - Wikipedia
Countercoup (1909)
The 31 March Incident (Turkish: 31 Mart Vakası or 31 Mart Olayı or 31 Mart Hadisesi or 31 Mart İsyanı) was the put down of the Ottoman countercoup of 1909 by the Hareket Ordusu ("Army of Action"),...
Countercoup (1909) - Wikipedia
31 March Incident
The 31 March Incident (Turkish: 31 Mart Vakası or 31 Mart Olayı or 31 Mart Hadisesi or 31 Mart İsyanı) was the put down of the Ottoman countercoup of 1909 by the Hareket Ordusu ("Army of Action"),...
31 March Incident - Wikipedia
Italo-Turkish War
The Italo-Turkish or Turco-Italian War (Turkish: Trablusgarp Savaşı, "Tripolitanian War"; also known in Italy as Guerra di Libia, "Libyan War") was fought between the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdo...
Italo-Turkish War - Wikipedia
Balkan Wars
The Balkan Wars were two conflicts that took place in the Balkan Peninsula in south-eastern Europe in 1912 and 1913. Four Balkan states defeated the Ottoman Empire in the first war; one of the four, ...
Balkan Wars - Wikipedia
Middle Eastern theatre of World War I
The Middle Eastern theatre of World War I saw action between 29 October 1914 and 30 October 1918. The combatants were on the one hand, the Ottoman Empire (including Kurds, Persians and some Arab tribe...
Middle Eastern theatre of World War I - Wikipedia
Caucasus Campaign
The Caucasus Campaign comprised armed conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire, later including Azerbaijan, Armenia, the Central Caspian Dictatorship and the British Empire as part ...
Caucasus Campaign - Wikipedia
Persian Campaign
The Persian Campaign or Invasion of Persia (Persian: اشغال ایران در جنگ جهانی اول‎) was a series of engagements at northern Persian Azerbaijan and western Persia between the British Empire, Russ...
Persian Campaign - Wikipedia
Mesopotamian campaign
The Mesopotamian campaign was a campaign in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I fought between the Allies represented by the British Empire, mostly troops from the Indian Empire and Australia, a...
Mesopotamian campaign - Wikipedia
Sinai and Palestine Campaign
The Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was fought between the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire supported by the German Empire. It started with an Ottoman at...
Sinai and Palestine Campaign - Wikipedia
Battle of Gallipoli
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli or the Battle of Çanakkale (Turkish: Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of World War I that took place on the...
Battle of Gallipoli - Wikipedia
Armenian Genocide
The Armenian Genocide (Armenian: Հայոց Ցեղասպանություն Hayots Tseghaspanutyun), also known as the Armenian Holocaust, the Armenian Massacres and, traditionally by Armenians, as Medz Yeghern (Armen...
Armenian Genocide - Wikipedia
Democratic Republic of Armenia
The First Republic of Armenia, known at the time of its existence as the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետութիւն), was the first modern Armenian state since the fall of the King...
Democratic Republic of Armenia - Wikipedia
Arab Revolt
The Arab Revolt (1916–1918; Arabic: الثورة العربية‎ Al-Thawra al-`Arabiyya; Turkish: Arap İsyanı) was initiated by the Sherif Hussein bin Ali with the aim of securing independence from t...
Arab Revolt - Wikipedia
Armenian resistance
The Armenian resistance is a name given to the military and political activities of the Armenians under the Armenian political parties of Henchak, Armenakan, Dashnaktsutiun against the Ottoman Empire ...
Armenian resistance - Wikipedia
Armistice of Mudros
The Armistice of Mudros (Turkish: Mondros Mütarekesi), concluded on 30 October 1918, ended the hostilities, at noon the next day, in the Middle Eastern theatre between the Ottoman Empire and the A...
Armistice of Mudros - Wikipedia
Ottoman casualties of World War I
Ottoman casualties of World War I covers the civilian and military casualties of the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman Empire's casualties were enormous regardless of the method used in the calculations. The mi...
Ottoman casualties of World War I - Wikipedia
Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire
The partitioning of the Ottoman Empire (30 October 1918 – 1 November 1922) was a political event that occurred after World War I. The huge conglomeration of territories and peoples that formerly compr...
Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia
Turkish Courts-Martial of 1919-20
Turkish courts-martial of 1919–20 were courts-martial of the Ottoman Empire that occurred right after the armistice of Mudros during the aftermath of World War I. The leadership of the Committee of Un...
Turkish Courts-Martial of 1919-20 - Wikipedia
Malta exiles
Malta exiles (Turkish: Malta sürgünleri) (between March 1919 – October 1920) is the term used by Turkey for war criminals (including high-ranking soldiers, political figures and ad...
Occupation of Constantinople
The Occupation of Constantinople (Turkish: İstanbul'un İşgali) (November 13, 1918 – September 23, 1923), the occupation of the capital of the Ottoman Empire by British, French and Italian forces, ...
Occupation of Constantinople - Wikipedia
Abolition of the Ottoman Sultanate
The Abolition of the Ottoman Sultanate by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey on 1 November 1922 ended the Ottoman Empire which Osman I was the founder and namesake of the dynasty (sovereignty was e...
Abolition of the Ottoman Sultanate - Wikipedia
Ottoman Caliphate
The Ottoman Caliphate, under the Ottoman dynasty of the Ottoman Empire, was the last Sunni Islamic caliphate of the late medieval and the early modern era. During the period of Ottoman growth, Ottoman...
Ottoman Caliphate - Wikipedia
8 Things You May Not Know About The Gallipoli Campaign
On April 25, 1915, British-led troops poured onto the Ottoman Empire’s Gallipoli Peninsula in what was then the largest amphibious assault ever attempted. The plan, thought up once World War I’s Weste...
Misak-i Milli
Misak-ı Millî ( English: National Pact or National Oath) is the set of six important decisions made by the last term of the Ottoman Parliament. Parliament met on 28 January 1920 and published thei...
Misak-i Milli - Wikipedia