Documentary hypothesis
The documentary hypothesis (DH), sometimes called the Wellhausen hypothesis, proposes that the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Bible) was derived from originally independent, parallel and comp...
Documentary hypothesis - Wikipedia
Jahwist
The Jahwist, or Yahwist, often abbreviated J in exegetical discourse, is one of the sources of the Pentateuch (Torah), together with the Deuteronomist, the Elohist and the Priestly source. It gets its...
Jahwist - Wikipedia
Elohist
The Elohist (or simply E) is, according to the documentary hypothesis, one of four sources of the Torah identified by most biblical scholars. Its name comes from Elohim, the term it uses for God. It i...
Deuteronomist
The Deuteronomist, or simply D, is one of the sources identified through source criticism as underlying much of the Hebrew Bible (Christian Old Testament). Seen by most scholars more as a school or mo...
Priestly source
The Priestly source (or simply P) is one of the sources of the Torah/Pentateuch in the Bible, together with the Yahwist, Elohist and the Deuteronomist. Scholarly opinions differ on when it was written...
Priestly source - Wikipedia
Deuteronomic Code
The Deuteronomic Code is the name given by academics to the law code within the Book of Deuteronomy. It contains "a variety of topics including religious ceremonies and ritual purity, civil and crimi...
Israel Knohl
Israel Knohl (Hebrew: ישראל קנוהל) is the Yehezkel Kaufmann Chair of Biblical studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a Senior Fellow at Shalom Hartman Institute in Jerusalem. He served as a...
Stations of the Exodus
The Stations of the Exodus is the list of 42 locations visited by the Israelites following their exodus from Egypt (Numbers 33, with variations in Exodus and Deuteronomy). Biblical commentators like S...
Stations of the Exodus - Wikipedia
Authorship of the Bible
Few biblical books are regarded by scholars as the product of a single individual; all the books of the Hebrew Bible have been edited and revised to produce the work known today. The following article...
Authorship of the Bible - Wikipedia
Blessing of Jacob
The Blessing of Jacob is a poem that appears in Genesis at 49:1-27 and mentions each of Jacob's twelve sons. Genesis presents the poem as the words of Jacob to his sons when Jacob is about to die.Lik...
Blessing of Jacob - Wikipedia
Book of Judges
The Book of Judges (Hebrew: Sefer Shoftim ספר שופטים) is the seventh book of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Bible. Its title describes its contents: it contains the history of Biblical judges, div...
Nevi'im
Nevi'im (/nəviˈiːm, nəˈviːɪm/; Hebrew: נְבִיאִים Nəḇî'îm‎, "Prophets") is the second main division of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh), between the Torah (instruction) and Ketuvim (writings). It co...
New Testament and Mythology
New Testament and Mythology: The Problem of Demythologizing the New Testament Message, often shortened to New Testament and Mythology, is an influential and controversial theological essay by Rudolf B...
Karl Heinrich Graf
Karl Heinrich Graf (February 28, 1815 – July 16, 1869) was a German Old Testament scholar and orientalist. He was born at Mülhausen in Alsace and died in Meissen in Saxony.He studied Biblical exegesis...
Karl Heinrich Graf - Wikipedia
Books of Kings
The two Books of Kings (Hebrew: ספר מלכים‎‎ Sepher M'lakhim – the two books were originally one) present the biblical view of history of ancient Israel and Judah from the death of David to...
Books of Kings - Wikipedia
Biblical inspiration
Biblical inspiration is the doctrine in Christian theology that the authors and editors of the Bible were led or influenced by God with the result that their writings may be designated in some sense t...
Biblical inspiration - Wikipedia
Book of Joshua
The Book of Joshua or Book of Jehoshua (Hebrew: ספר יהושע‎ Sefer Yĕhôshúa) is the sixth book in the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament. Its 24 chapters tell of the entry of the Israeli...
Book of Joshua - Wikipedia
Covenant Code
The Covenant Code, or The Book of the Covenant, is the name given by academics to a text appearing in the Torah at Exodus 20:19 - 23:33. Biblically, the text is the second of the law codes given to Mo...
Book of Jeremiah
The Book of Jeremiah (Hebrew: ספר יִרְמְיָהוּ‎; abbreviated Jer. or Jerem. in citations) is the second of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible, and the second of the Prophets in the Christian...
Books of Samuel
The two Books of Samuel (Hebrew: Sefer Shmuel ספר שמואל‎) are part of the Deuteronomistic history, a series of books (Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings) in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament that con...
Books of Samuel - Wikipedia
Song of the sea
The Song of the Sea (Hebrew: שירת הים‎, Shirat HaYam, also known as Az Yashir Moshe) is a poem that appears in the Book of Exodus of the Hebrew Bible, at Exodus 15:1–18. It is followed in verses...
Song of the sea - Wikipedia
Textual criticism
Textual criticism is a branch of textual scholarship, philology, and literary criticism that is concerned with the identification and removal of transcription errors in texts, both manuscripts and pri...
Textual criticism - Wikipedia
Ritual Decalogue
The Ritual Decalogue is a list of laws at Exodus 34:11–26. These laws are similar to the Covenant Code and are followed by the phrase "ten commandments" (Hebrew: עשרת הדברים‎ aseret ha-dvarîm, i...
Torah
Torah (/ˈtɔːrəˌˈtoʊrə/; Hebrew: תּוֹרָה, "Instruction, Teaching"), or the Pentateuch (/ˈpɛntəˌtuːk, -ˌtjuːk/), is the central concept in the religious Judaic tradition. It has a range of meanings. It ...
Torah - Wikipedia
Holiness code
The Holiness Code is a term used in biblical criticism to refer to Leviticus chapters 17-26, and is so called due to its highly repeated use of the word Holy. It has no special traditional religious s...
Book of generations
The Book of generations is an hypothesized text that the modern documentary hypothesis claims was used by the redactor of the torah to connect up parts of the priestly source and the JE source. The t...
Prolegomena zur Geschichte Israels
Prolegomena zur Geschichte Israels (Prolegomena to the History of Israel) is a book by German biblical scholar Julius Wellhausen (1844-1918) which formulated the documentary hypothesis (a theory regar...
The Bible with Sources Revealed
The Bible with Sources Revealed (2003) is a book by American biblical scholar Richard Elliott Friedman dealing with the process by which the five books of the Torah or Pentateuch (the "Five Books of M...
Book of Isaiah
The Book of Isaiah (Hebrew: ספר ישעיה‎, "Sefer Yeshayahu") is the first of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible and the first of the Major Prophets in English Bibles. The oldest surviving ma...
Book of Isaiah - Wikipedia