Early Islamic philosophy
Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar (early 9th century CE) and lasting unt...
Early Islamic philosophy - Wikipedia
BBC Capital - How the attacks in Paris might change Islamic banking
Will the atrocities in France change the future for Sharia-compliant banking?
Kalam
ʿIlm al-Kalām (Arabic: علم الكلام‎, literally "science of discourse"), often foreshortened to kalām, is an Islamic science born out of the need to establish and defend the tenets of Islamic ...
Judeo-Islamic philosophies (800 - 1400)
This article covers the influence of Jewish and Islamic philosophy on each other, focusing especially on the period from 800–1400 CE.
A century after the Qur'an was revealed, numerous religious sc...
Al-Farabi
Al-Farabi (/ˌælfəˈrɑːbi/; Persian: ابونصر محمد بن محمد فارابی‎ Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Fārābī; for other recorded variants of his name see below) , known in the West as Alpharabius (c. 87...
Al-Farabi - Wikipedia
Avicennism
Avicenna (/ˌævəˈsɛnə/; Latinate form of Ibn-Sīnā (Persian: پور سینا / ابن سینا‎‍; Arabic: ابن سینا‎‍), full name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn Ali ib...
Avicennism - Wikipedia
Averroes
Averroës (/əˈvɛroʊˌiːz/; April 14, 1126 – December 10, 1198) is the Latinized form of Ibn Rushd (Arabic: ابن رشد‎), full name ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn ʾAḥmad Ibn Rušd (أبو الوليد محمد ابن ا...
Averroes - Wikipedia
Averroism
Averroism is a school of Islamic philosophy that arose from the influence of the 12th century Al-Andalus Muslim philosopher Averroës, who worked on reconciling Aristotelianism with Islam. Alternativel...
Averroism - Wikipedia
Islamic ethics
Islamic ethics (أخلاق إسلامية), defined as "good character," historically took shape gradually from the 7th century and was finally established by the 11th century. It was eventually shaped as a succe...
Bimaristan
Bimaristan is a Persian word (بیمارستان bīmārestān) meaning "hospital", with Bimar- from Middle Persian (Pahlavi) of vīmār or vemār, meaning "sick" plus -stan as location and place suffix. In the medi...
Bimaristan - Wikipedia
Logic in Islamic philosophy
Logic (Arabic: منطق‎) plays an important role in Islamic philosophy. Islamic law placed importance on formulating standards of argument, which gave rise to a novel approach to logic in Kalam...
Islamic metaphysics
Metaphysics is a traditional branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world that encompasses it, although the term is not easily defined. Traditionally, m...
Physics in medieval Islam
The natural sciences saw various advancements during the Golden Age of Islam (from roughly the mid 8th to the mid 13th centuries), adding a number of innovations to the Transmission of the Classics (s...
Alchemy and chemistry in medieval Islam
Alchemy and chemistry in Islam refers to the study of both traditional alchemy and early practical chemistry (the early chemical investigation of nature in general) by scholars in the medieval Islamic...
Astronomy in medieval Islam
Islamic astronomy comprises the astronomical developments made in the Islamic world, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age (8th–15th centuries), and mostly written in the Arabic language. These d...
Astronomy in medieval Islam - Wikipedia
Book of Optics
The Book of Optics (Arabic: Kitāb al-Manāẓir‎ (كتاب المناظر); Latin: De Aspectibus or Perspectiva; Italian: Deli Aspecti) is a seven-volume treatise on optics and other fields of study compo...
Book of Optics - Wikipedia
Psychology in medieval Islam
Islamic psychology or ʿIlm al-Nafs (Arabic,علم النفس), the science of the Nafs ("self" or "psyche"), refers to the medical and philosophical study of the psyche from an Islamic perspective and address...
Islamic science
Science in the medieval Islamic world (also known, less accurately, as Islamic science or Arabic science) is the science developed and practised in the medieval Islamic world during the Islamic Golden...
Islamic science - Wikipedia
Islamic eschatology
Islamic eschatology is the branch of Islamic scholarship that studies Yawm al-Qiyāmah (pronounced yome-ul-key-ah-mah; Arabic: يوم القيامة‎ "the Day of Resurrection") or Yawm ad-Dīn (pronounc...
Fiqh
Fiqh (/fɪk/; Arabic: فقه‎ [fiqh]) is Islamic jurisprudence. While Sharia is believed by Muslims to represent divine law as revealed in the Quran and the Sunnah (the teachings and practice...
Fiqh - Wikipedia
Sharia
To Arabic-speaking people, sharia (/ʃɑːˈriːɑː/; also shari'a, sharīʿah; Arabic: شريعة‎ šarīʿah, [ʃaˈriːʕa], "legislation") means the moral code and religious law of a prophetic religion. The...
Sharia - Wikipedia
Madrasah Islamiah
Madrasah Islamiah is a well-known Islamic school and mosque in Houston, Texas. It was founded in 1989 by Hafiz Mohammed Iqbal. Since then, the school has produced over 70 huffaz and has taught hundred...
BBC Capital - How the attacks in Paris might change Islamic banking
Will the atrocities in France change the future for Sharia-compliant banking?
Quran
The Quran (/kɔrˈɑːn/ kor-AHN; Arabic: القرآن‎ al-qur'ān, [qurˈʔaːn], literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanised Qurʾan or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslim...
Quran - Wikipedia
Takwin
Takwin (Arabic: تكوين‎) was a goal of certain Muslim alchemists, notably Jabir ibn Hayyan. In the alchemical context, takwin refers to the creation of synthetic life in the laboratory, up to...
Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎ ʿīd al-aḍḥā [ʕiːd ælˈʔɑdˤħæ] meaning "Festival of the sacrifice"), also called the Feast of the Sacrifice (Turkish: Kurban Bayramı; Bosnian: Kurban B...
Eid al-Adha - Wikipedia
Fatwa on Terrorism
Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings is a 600-page (Urdu version), 512-page (English version) Islamic decree by scholar Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri which demonstrates from the Quran and Sunnah that ter...
Fatwa on Terrorism - Wikipedia
Human Rights in Islam (book)
Human Rights in Islam is a 1976 book written by Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi, the founder of Jamaat-e-Islami.In the book, Maududi argues that respect for human rights has always been enshrined in Sharia la...