Economic integration
Economic integration is the unification of economic policies between different states through the partial or full abolition of tariff and non-tariff restrictions on trade taking place among them prior...
Economic integration - Wikipedia
Land bridge (rail)
A rail land bridge refers to the transport of containers by rail between ports on either side of a land mass, such as North America. Hofstra University defines a rail land bridge as having two charac...
Enhanced integrated framework
The Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Assistance for the Least Developed Countries (commonly abbreviated as EIF) is an International Framework Program with the objective of supporting le...
Customs and monetary union
An customs and monetary union is a type of trade bloc which is composed of a customs union and a currency union. The participant countries have both common external trade policy and share a single cur...
Customs and monetary union - Wikipedia
South Korea–Peru Free Trade Agreement
The South Korea-Peru Free Trade Agreement is an FTA signed between the governments of Korea and Peru on March 21, 2011 in Seoul, Korea. On July 6, 2011, the Korean Parliament passed a bill ratifying t...
Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf
The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (Arabic: مجلس التعاون لدول الخليج العربية‎), originally (and still colloquially) known as the Gulf Coo...
Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf - Wikipedia
Transition economy
A transition economy or transitional economy is an economy which is changing from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. Transition economies undergo a set of structural transformations int...
US invasion of Iraq
The 2003 invasion of Iraq lasted from 19 March to 1 May 2003 and signaled the start of the conflict that later came to be known as the Iraq War, which was dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United ...
US invasion of Iraq - Wikipedia
Economic Community of Central African States
The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS; French: Communauté Économique des États de l'Afrique Centrale, CEEAC; Spanish: Comunidad Económica de los Estados d...
Preferential trading area
A preferential trade area (also preferential trade agreement, PTA) is a trading bloc that gives preferential access to certain products from the participating countries. This is done by reducing tarif...
Investment policy
An investment policy is any government regulation or law that encourages or discourages foreign investment in the local economy, e.g. currency exchange limits.
As globalization integrates the econ...
Arab Peace Initiative
The Arab Peace Initiative (Arabic: مبادرة السلام العربية‎) is a comprehensive peace initiative first proposed in 2002 at the Beirut Summit of the Arab League by then-Crown Prince, King Abdul...
Arab Peace Initiative - Wikipedia
Free trade agreements of Canada
Canada is regularly described as a trading nation as its total trade is worth more than two-thirds of its GDP (the second highest level in the G7 after Germany) Of that total trade, roughly 75% is do...
Free trade agreements of Canada - Wikipedia
Digital gold currency
Digital gold currency (or DGC) is a form of electronic money based on ounces of gold. It is a kind of representative money, like a US paper gold certificate at the time (from 1873 to 1933) that these ...
European Fiscal Compact
The Fiscal Compact (formally, the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union; also referred to as TSCG or more plainly the Fiscal Stability Treaty), is an inte...
European Fiscal Compact - Wikipedia
Currency union
A currency union (also known as monetary union) is where two or more states share the same currency, though without there necessarily having any further integration such as an Economic and Monetary Un...
CFA franc
The CFA franc (in French: franc CFA [fʁɑ̃ seɛfɑ], or colloquially franc) is the name of two currencies used in Africa which are guaranteed by the French treasury. The two CFA franc currencies are the...
Belgium–Luxembourg Economic Union
The Belgium–Luxembourg Economic Union (Dutch: Belgisch-Luxemburgse Economische Unie, French: Union économique belgo-luxembourgeoise, Luxembourgish: Belsch-Lëtzebuerger Wirtschaftsunion), a...
Pound sterling
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known simply as the pound, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwi...
Pound sterling - Wikipedia
Euro
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the eurozone, which consists of 19 of the 28 member states of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany,...
Euro - Wikipedia
Customs union
A customs union is a type of trade bloc which is composed of a free trade area with a common external tariff. The participant countries set up common external trade policy, but in some cases they use ...
Customs union - Wikipedia