Eighty Years' War
The Eighty Years' War, or Dutch War of Independence (1568–1648), began as a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces against the political and religious hegemony of Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the H...
Eighty Years' War - Wikipedia
Thirty Years' War
Tribute to fallen hereos.
Causes of the Dutch Revolt
The causes of the Dutch Revolt and the ensuing Eighty Years War, considered to have started in June 1568, were a number of incidents and frictions had accumulated between the Dutch provinces and their...
Dutch Revolt
The Dutch Revolt (1566 or 1568–1648) was the successful revolt of the northern, largely Protestant Seven Provinces of the Low Countries against the rule of the Roman Catholic King Philip II of Spain,...
Dutch Revolt - Wikipedia
Pacification of Ghent
The Pacification of Ghent, signed on 8 November 1576, was an alliance of the provinces of the Habsburg Netherlands for the purpose of driving mutinying Spanish mercenary troops from the country and pr...
Pacification of Ghent - Wikipedia
Union of Utrecht
The Union of Utrecht (Dutch: Unie van Utrecht) was a treaty signed on 23 January 1579 in Utrecht, the Netherlands, unifying the northern provinces of the Netherlands, until then under the control ...
Financial history of the Dutch Republic
The financial history of the Dutch Republic involves the interrelated development of financial institutions in the Dutch Republic. The rapid economic development of the country after the Dutch Revolt ...
Financial history of the Dutch Republic - Wikipedia
Twelve Years' Truce
The Twelve Years' Truce was the name given to the cessation of hostilities between the Habsburg rulers of Spain and the Southern Netherlands and the Dutch Republic as agreed in Antwerp on 9 April 1609...
Twelve Years' Truce - Wikipedia
Synod of Dort
The Synod of Dort (also known as the Synod of Dordt or the Synod of Dordrecht) was an international Synod held in Dordrecht in 1618–1619, by the Dutch Reformed Church, to settle a divisive controversy...
Synod of Dort - Wikipedia
Thirty Years' War
The Thirty Years' War was a series of wars in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648. It was one of the most destructive conflicts in European history, and one of the longest.Initially a war between Pro...
Thirty Years' War - Wikipedia
Peace of Münster
The Peace of Münster was a treaty between the Dutch Republic and Spain signed in 1648. It was a landmark treaty for the Dutch republic and one of the key events in Dutch history; with it, the United N...
Peace of Münster - Wikipedia
Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604)
The Anglo–Spanish War (1585–1604) was an intermittent conflict between the kingdoms of Spain and England that was never formally declared. The war was punctuated by widely separated battles, and began...
Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604) - Wikipedia
Battles of the Eighty Years' War
List of battles of the Eighty Years' War:
Battle of Lützen (1632)
The Battle of Lützen (1632) was one of the most decisive battles of the Thirty Years' War. It was a Protestant victory, but cost the life of one of the most important leaders of the Protestant allianc...
Battle of Lützen (1632) - Wikipedia
Bandes d'ordonnance
Bandes d'ordonnance (French) or Benden van ordonnantie (Dutch) were elite heavy cavalry formations recruited from the aristocracy in the early-modern Low Countries. They were originally formed by Char...
Assault on Nijmegen
The Assault on Nijmegen occurred on the night of 10 August 1589, involving troops of the mercenary Martin Schenck von Nydeggen against the small garrison and some citizens at the city of Nijmegen...
Assault on Nijmegen - Wikipedia
Siege of Fuenterrabía (1638)
The Siege of Fuenterrabía of 1638 took place in June – September, 1638, between Spain and France during the Thirty Years' War and the Franco-Spanish War (1635-1659). The French army commanded by Henri...
Siege of Fuenterrabía (1638) - Wikipedia
Siege of Lingen (1605)
The Siege of Lingen of 1605 took place between 10 August and 19 August 1605, at Lingen, District of Emsland, Lower Saxony, between Spain and the United Provinces, during the Eighty Years' War. After n...
Siege of Lingen (1605) - Wikipedia
He blew with His winds, and they were scattered
Jehovah blew with His winds, and they were scattered is a famous phrase on the aftermath of the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, when the Spanish fleet was broken up by a storm, which was also ca...
He blew with His winds, and they were scattered - Wikipedia
Johann von Werth
Count Johann von Werth (1591 – 16 January 1652), also Jan von Werth or in French Jean de Werth, was a German general of cavalry in the Thirty Years' War.
Werth was born in 1591 at Büttgen in...
Johann von Werth - Wikipedia
Siege of Sluis (1587)
The Siege of Sluis of 1587 took place between 12 June and 4 August, 1587, as part of the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604). On 12 June, 1587, Don Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma...
Siege of Sluis (1587) - Wikipedia
Elisabeth of Nassau-Dillenburg
Countess Elisabeth of Nassau-Dillenburg (born 25 September 1542 in Dillenburg – died: 18 November 1603 in Dillenburg) was a daughter of William I, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg and Juliana of Stolberg a...
Battle of the Lippe
The Battle of the Lippe was a cavalry action fought on 2 September 1595 on the banks of the Lippe river, in Germany, between a corps of Spanish cavalry led by Juan de Córdoba and a corps of Dutch cava...
Battle of the Lippe - Wikipedia
Hermann Friedrich Cloedt
Hermann Friedrich Cloedt (c. 1555–1560,  † 26 July 1586) was commander of the garrison at Neuss (Nuys), near Duisburg, in July 1586, when the city was destroyed by the Duke of Parma's Army ...
Hermann Friedrich Cloedt - Wikipedia
Union of Arras
The Union of Arras (Dutch: Unie van Atrecht, Spanish: Unión de Arrás) was an accord signed on 6 January 1579 in Atrecht (now Arras), under which the southern states of the Netherlands, today in the Wa...
Union of Arras - Wikipedia
Siege of Zutphen (1591)
The Siege of Zutphen was an eleven day siege of the city of Zutphen by States and English troops led by Maurice of Nassau, during the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo–Spanish War. The siege began on 19...
Siege of Zutphen (1591) - Wikipedia
Magdalena of Nassau-Dillenburg
Magdalena of Nassau-Dillenburg (15 December 1547 at Dillenburg Castle in Dillenburg – 16 May 1633 in Öhringen) was a daughter of William I, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg and his second wife, Julian...
Magdalena of Nassau-Dillenburg - Wikipedia