El Mirador
89°55′13.55″W / 17.7550500°N 89.9204306°W / 17.7550500; -89.9204306El Mirador is a large pre-Columbian Mayan settlement, located in the north of the modern department of El Pe...
El Mirador - Wikipedia
South America: The Original Cultures - Ancient Man and His First Civilizations
The enigma of ancient South American development, [cultures evolving to the building of Monumental Structures BEFORE they have even learned to make ceramics - pottery], is wonderfully illustrated by w...
The Tombs of El Mirador
Before he became Mel Gibson's lead consultant on the movie Apocalypto, Richard Hansen spent decades exploring the ruins of the ancient Maya. Now, he excavate...
Pre-Columbian era
http://www.tmwmedia.com/910.html Discover the ancient civilizations that thrived in the Americas thousands of years before European settlers arrived. This pr...
Pre-Columbian era
The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning...
Pre-Columbian era - Wikipedia
South America: The Original Cultures - Ancient Man and His First Civilizations
The enigma of ancient South American development, [cultures evolving to the building of Monumental Structures BEFORE they have even learned to make ceramics - pottery], is wonderfully illustrated by w...
Battle of Abancay
The Battle of Abancay was a battle that took place during the Spanish conquest of Peru. Aonso de Alvarado, sent by Francisco Pizarro to relieve the siege of Cusco, was camped at Jauja with five hundr...
Battle of Abancay - Wikipedia
Stone of Tizoc
The Stone of Tizoc, Tizoc Stone or Sacrificial Stone is a large, round, carved Aztec stone, rediscovered on 17 December 1791. It is thought to have been a quauhxicalli, in which the hearts of victims ...
Stone of Tizoc - Wikipedia
Calmecac
The Calmecac ("the house of the lineage", /kalˈmekak/) was a school for the sons of Aztec nobility (pīpiltin /piːˈpiɬtin/) in the Late Postclassic period of Mesoamerican history, where they would rece...
Calmecac - Wikipedia
Tzolk'in
Tzolk'in ([t͡sol ˈkʼin], from the revised Guatemala Mayan languages Academy orthography, which is preferred by the linguists of the Summer Institute of Linguistics; formerly and commonly tzolkin) is t...
Tzolk'in - Wikipedia
Altepetl
The altepetl (/alˈtepetɬ/), in Pre-Columbian and Spanish conquest-era Aztec society, was the local, ethnically based political entity. It is usually translated into English as "city-state". The word i...
Battle of Cajamarca
The Battle of Cajamarca was the ambush and capture of the Inca ruler Atahualpa by Francisco Pizarro and a small Spanish force on November 16, 1532. The Spanish killed thousands of Atahualpa's counsel...
Aztec use of entheogens
The ancient Aztecs employed a variety of entheogenic plants and animals within their society. The various species have been identified through their depiction on murals, vases, and other objects. The ...
Aztec use of entheogens - Wikipedia
Teoyaomicqui
In Aztec mythology, Cihuacoatl /siwaˈkoːaːt͡ɬ/ ("snake woman"; also Cihuacóatl) was one of a number of motherhood and fertility goddesses. Cihuacoatl was sometimes known as Quilaztli.Cihuacoatl was es...
Teoyaomicqui - Wikipedia
Mesoamerican chronology
Mesoamerican chronology divides the history of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica into several periods: the Paleo-Indian (first human habitation–3500 BCE), the Archaic (3500–2000), the Preclassic o...
Mesoamerican chronology - Wikipedia
Cohune oil
Cohune oil is pressed from the seeds of the cohune palm, which is native to Central and South America.Along with other byproducts of the palm, cohune oil is believed to have been used by cultures in s...
Tepoztecatl
In Aztec mythology, Tepoztecatl /teposˈteːkat͡ɬ/ (from tepoztli "workable metal" /teˈpost͡ɬi/ and tēcatl "person" /ˈteːkat͡ɬ/ ) or Tezcatzontecatl /teːskat͡sonˈteːkat͡ɬ/ (from tēzcatl /teːskat͡ɬ/ "m...
Texcotzingo
Texcotzingo (alternatively, Tetzcotzingo) is contested as one of the first extant botanical gardens in the world, along with Montezuma's gardens in Huastepec. The gardens and archaeological site are l...
Texcotzingo - Wikipedia
Incan engineers

The builders of Machu Picchu planned and built impressive waterworks in their city centers, including canals, fountains, drainage systems and expansive irrigation. Machu Picchu’s infrastructure a...
Woodland period
The Woodland period of North American pre-Columbian cultures was from roughly 1000 BCE to 1000 CE in the eastern part of North America. The term "Woodland Period" was introduced in the 1930s as a gene...
Woodland period - Wikipedia
Inkan Aqueducts
The Incan aqueducts refer to any of a series of aqueducts built by the Inca people. The Inca built such structures to increase arable land and provide drinking water and baths to the population. Due t...
Barro negro pottery
Barro negro pottery ("black clay") is a style of pottery from Oaxaca, Mexico distinguished by its color, sheen and unique designs. Oaxaca is one of few Mexican states which is characterized by the con...
Barro negro pottery - Wikipedia
Macehualtin
The mācēhualtin (IPA: /maːseːˈwaltin/, singular mācēhualli /maːseːˈwalli/) were the commoner social class in the Mexica Empire.During the reign of Moctezuma II (1502–1520), they were banned from servi...
Maya jaguar gods
The pre-Columbian Maya religion knew various jaguar gods, in addition to jaguar demi-gods, (ancestral) protectors, and transformers. The main jaguar deities are discussed below. Their associated narra...
Maya jaguar gods - Wikipedia
Tlacopan
19°27′32″N 99°11′16″W / 19.458765°N 99.187755°W / 19.458765; -99.187755 Tlacopan (meaning "florid plant on flat ground"), also called Tacuba, was a Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican c...
Aztec writing
Aztec or Nahuatl writing is a pictographic and ideographic pre-Columbian writing system with a significant number of logograms and syllabic signs which was used in central Mexico by the Nahua people. ...
Aztec writing - Wikipedia
Mexican pottery and ceramics
Ceramics in Mexico date back thousands of years before the Pre-Columbian period, when ceramic arts and pottery crafts developed with the first advanced civilizations and cultures of Mesoamerica. With...
Mexican pottery and ceramics - Wikipedia
Chaneque
Chanekeh, Chaneque or Ohuican Chaneque, as they were called by the Aztecs, are legendary creatures in Mexican folklore. They are conceived of as small, sprite-like beings, elemental forces and guardia...
Inkarri
The Inkarri (or Inkari) myth is one of the most famous legends of the Inca. When the Spanish conquistadores tortured and executed the last ruler of the Inca people, Atahualpa, he vowed that he would c...
Macana
The term macana, of Taíno origin, refers to various wooden weapons used by the various native cultures of Central and South America.The earliest meaning attributed to macana is a sword-like weapon mad...
Macana - Wikipedia