English Poor Laws
The English Poor Laws were a system of poor relief which existed in England and Wales that developed out of late-medieval and Tudor-era laws being codified in 1587–98. The Poor Law system was in exi...
English Poor Laws - Wikipedia
Metropolitan Poor Act 1867
The Metropolitan Poor Act 1867 was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom, the first in a series of major reforms that led to the gradual separation of the Poor Law's medical functions from its po...
Swing Riots
The Swing Riots were a widespread uprising by agricultural workers; it began with the destruction of threshing machines in the Elham Valley area of East Kent in the summer of 1830, and by early Decemb...
Swing Riots - Wikipedia
Roundsman System
The Roundsman System (sometimes termed the billet, or ticket, or item system), in the Elizabethan Poor Law (1601), was a plan by which a parish paid the occupiers of property to employ the applicants ...
Board of guardians
Boards of guardians were ad hoc authorities that administered Poor Law in the United Kingdom from 1835 to 1930.
Boards of guardians were created by the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, replacing the p...
Board of guardians - Wikipedia
Poor Employment Act
The Poor Employment Act 1817 was an Act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.The Act was passed in order "to authorise the issue of Exchequer Bills and the Advance of Money out of the Consol...
Poor Law Amendment Act 1834
The Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 (PLAA), known widely as the New Poor Law, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed by the Whig government of Earl Grey that reformed the country's pove...
Chorlton Poor Law Union
Chorlton Poor Law Union was founded in January 1837 as a consequence of the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, also known as the New Poor Law. It was overseen by an elected board of 19 guardians representin...
Chorlton Poor Law Union - Wikipedia
Statute of Cambridge 1388
The Statute of Cambridge 1388 (12 Rich. 2, ch. 7) was a piece of English legislation that placed restrictions on the movements of labourers and beggars. It prohibited any labourer from leaving the hun...
Timeline of the English Poor Law system
The following article presents a Timeline of the Poor Law system from its origins in the Tudor and Elizabethan era to its abolition in 1948.
Timeline of the English Poor Law system - Wikipedia
Royal Commission into the Operation of the Poor Laws 1832
The 1832 Royal Commission into the Operation of the Poor Laws was a group set up to decide how to change the Poor Law systems in England and Wales. The group included Nassau Senior, a professor from O...
List of poor law unions in England
This article lists all English Poor Law Unions.Note for table: 'PLU' stands for Poor Law Union and 'PLP' stands for Poor Law Parish.
Link to 1888 map showing Bedfordshire PLUs; Link to 1909 map sh...
Bristol Corporation of the Poor
The Bristol Corporation of the Poor was the board responsible for poor relief in Bristol, England when the Poor Law system was in operation. It was established in 1696 by the Bristol Poor Act. The mai...
Bristol Corporation of the Poor - Wikipedia
Act for the Relief of the Poor 1597
The Act for the Relief of the Poor of 1597 was a piece of poor law legislation in England and Wales. It provided the first complete code of poor relief and was later amended by the Elizabethan Poor La...
List of poor law unions in Dorset
The Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 and its administration entailed the creation of entirely new administrative areas throughout the United Kingdom: groups of parishes known as Poor Law Unions or simply U...
Decline and abolition of the poor law system
The Decline and abolition of the Poor law system in England and Wales can be traced to around 1870 when the share of population on poor relief began to fall into sharp decline which continued until th...
Decline and abolition of the poor law system - Wikipedia
Tudor Poor Laws
The Tudor Poor Laws were the laws regarding poor relief in Kingdom of England around the time of the Tudor period (1485-1603). The Tudor Poor Laws ended with the passing of the Elizabethan Poor Law in...
Tudor Poor Laws - Wikipedia
Workhouse Visiting Society
The Workhouse Visiting Society was an organisation set up in 1858 which existed "to improve moral and spiritual improvement of workhouse inmates" in England and Wales. The group was set up by Louisa T...
Poor Relief Act 1662
The Poor Relief Act 1662 (14 Car 2 c 12) was an Act of the Cavalier Parliament of England. It was an Act for the Better Relief of the Poor of this Kingdom and is also known as the Settlement Act or, m...
Outdoor relief
After the passing of the Elizabethan Poor Law (1601), outdoor relief was that kind of poor relief where assistance was in the form of money, food, clothing or goods, given to alleviate poverty without...
Andover workhouse scandal
The Andover workhouse scandal arose when the inhumane conditions at the workhouse in Andover, Hampshire, England were exposed by journalists and politicians in 1845. The inmates were kept starving by ...
Andover workhouse scandal - Wikipedia
Vagabonds and Beggars Act 1495
The Vagabonds and Beggars Act 1495 was an Act of Parliament passed during the reign of Henry VII. The Act stated that: vagabonds, idle and suspected persons shall be set in the stocks for three days a...
Speenhamland system
The Speenhamland system was a form of outdoor relief intended to mitigate rural poverty in England at the end of the 18th century and during the early 19th century. The law was an amendment to the Eli...
Act for the Relief of the Poor 1601
The Poor Relief Act 1601 (43 Eliz 1 c 2) was an Act of the Parliament of England. The Act for the Relief of the Poor 1601, popularly known as the "Elizabethan Poor Law", "43rd Elizabeth" or the "Old P...
Metropolitan Asylums Board
The Metropolitan Asylums Board (or MAB) was established under Poor Law legislation, to deal with London's sick poor. It was established by the Metropolitan Poor Act 1867 and was wound up in 1930, its ...
Opposition to the Poor Laws
Both the Elizabethan Poor Law and the Poor Law Amendment Act that formed part of the English Poor Laws attracted opposition from a wide range of people in society, from paupers and workers; to the lan...
Opposition to the Poor Laws - Wikipedia
Workhouse
In England and Wales a workhouse, colloquially known as a spike, was a place where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation and employment. The earliest known use of the term date...
Workhouse - Wikipedia
Poor Law Officers' Journal
The Poor Law Officers' Journal was a journal published in England and Wales which kept Poor Law Officials up to date with changes in the laws relating to Poor Law administration. The journal was set ...
Opposition to the English Poor Laws
From the reign of Elizabeth 1 until the passage of the Poor Law Amendment Act in 1834 relief of the poor in England was administered on the basis of a Poor Law enacted in 1601. From the start of the ...
Opposition to the English Poor Laws - Wikipedia