Elon Musk Estimates Chance That We’re NOT Living in a Computer Simulation — and It’s Really, Really Small
Elon Musk, the well-known entrepreneur behind Tesla and SpaceX, believes there's a "one-in-billions" chance humanity is not living in a computer simulation. Speaking at tech publication Recode's annu...
10 Reasons Our Universe Might Actually Be Virtual Reality
Physical realism is the view that the physical world we see is real and exists by itself, alone. Most people think this is self-evident, but physical realism has been struggling with the facts of phys...
Constructivism
Constructivism is the Russian version of Modernism. It was a revolutionary movement in art, caused by the social and industrial revolutionary movements of th...
Agnosticism
Agnosticism is the view that the truth values of certain claims – especially metaphysical and religious claims such as whether or not God, the divine or the supernatural exist – are unknown ...
Agnosticism - Wikipedia
Coherentism
Coherentism is the name given to a few philosophical theories in modern epistemology, the study of knowledge. There are two distinct types of coherentism. One is the coherence theory of truth; the oth...
Constructivism
Constructivism may refer to:
Dogma
Dogma is a principle or set of principles laid down by an authority as incontrovertibly true. It serves as part of the primary basis of an ideology or belief system, and it cannot be changed or discar...
Dogma - Wikipedia
Empiricism
Empiricism is a theory which states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience. One of several views of epistemology, the study of human knowledge, along with rationalism and ske...
Empiricism - Wikipedia
Foundationalism
Foundationalism concerns philosophical theories of knowledge resting upon justified belief, some secure foundation of certainty. Its main rivals are Fallibilism & coherentism whereby a body of kno...
Idealism
In philosophy, idealism is the group of philosophies which assert that reality, or reality as we can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial. Epistemologically,...
Internalism and externalism
Internalism and externalism are two opposing ways of explaining various subjects in several areas of philosophy. These include human motivation, knowledge, justification, meaning, and truth. The disti...
Positivism
Positivism is the philosophy of science that information derived from logical and mathematical treatments and reports of sensory experience is the exclusive source of all authoritative knowledge, and ...
Positivism - Wikipedia
Rationalism
In epistemology, rationalism is the view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge" or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification". More formally, ra...
Skepticism
Skepticism or scepticism (see spelling differences) is generally any questioning attitude towards knowledge, facts, or opinions/beliefs stated as facts, or doubt regarding claims that are taken for gr...
Truth
Truth is most often used to mean being in accord with fact or reality, or fidelity to an original or to a standard or ideal.The commonly understood opposite of truth is falsehood, which, corresponding...
Truth - Wikipedia
Elon Musk Estimates Chance That We’re NOT Living in a Computer Simulation — and It’s Really, Really Small
Elon Musk, the well-known entrepreneur behind Tesla and SpaceX, believes there's a "one-in-billions" chance humanity is not living in a computer simulation. Speaking at tech publication Recode's annu...
Falsifiability
Falsifiability or refutability of a statement, hypothesis, or theory is an inherent possibility to prove it to be false. A statement is called falsifiable if it is possible to conceive an observation...
Philosophical skepticism
Philosophical skepticism (UK spelling scepticism; from Greek σκέψις skepsis, "inquiry") is both a philosophical school of thought and a method that crosses disciplines and cultures.It is generally agr...
Epistemological anarchism
Epistemological anarchism is an epistemological theory advanced by Austrian philosopher of science Paul Feyerabend which holds that there are no useful and exception-free methodological rules governin...
Epistemological anarchism - Wikipedia
Ontologism
Ontologism is a philosophical system most associated with Nicholas Malebranche (1638-1715) which maintains that God and divine ideas are the first object of our intelligence and the intuition of God t...
Presentationism
Presentationism (from Latin prae-esse, praesens, present), a philosophical term used in various senses deriving from the general sense of the term presentation. According to G. F. Stout (cf. Manual of...
Naïve empiricism
Naïve empiricism is a term used in several ways in different fields.In the philosophy of science, it is used by opponents to describe the position, associated with some logical positivists, that "know...
Classical element
Many philosophies and worldviews have a set of classical elements believed to reflect the simplest essential parts and principles of which anything can consist or upon which the constitution and funda...
Classical element - Wikipedia
Sensualism
Sensualism (also called sensationalism or sensism) is a philosophical doctrine of the theory of knowledge, according to which sensations and perception are the basic and most important form of true co...
Hampstead novel
Hampstead novel is a term used – often in a derogatory sense – to describe a particular genre of English fiction. Journalist and literary critic Kate Kellaway has described it as "a middle-class moral...
Pancritical rationalism
Pancritical rationalism (literally "criticism of all things", from Pan=all, also known as PCR), also called Comprehensively Critical Rationalism (CCR), is a development of critical rationalism and pan...