Escherichia coli
Escherichia coli (/ˌɛʃɨˈrɪkiə ˈkoʊlaɪ/; commonly abbreviated E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower int...
Escherichia coli - Wikipedia
Pathogenic Escherichia coli
Escherichia coli (/ˌɛʃəˈrɪkiə ˈkoʊlɪ/ Anglicized to /ˌɛʃəˈrɪkiə ˈkoʊlaɪ/; commonly abbreviated E. coli) is a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-b...
Pathogenic Escherichia coli - Wikipedia
Escherichia coli (molecular biology)
Escherichia coli (/ˌɛʃɨˈrɪkiə ˈkoʊlaɪ/; commonly abbreviated E. coli) is a gammaproteobacterium commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms). The descendants of two is...
Rho factor
A ρ factor (Rho factor) is a prokaryotic protein involved in the termination of transcription. Rho factor binds to the transcription terminator pause site, an exposed region of single stranded RNA (a ...
Rho factor - Wikipedia
RpoS
The gene rpoS (RNA polymerase, sigma S) encodes the sigma factor sigma-38 (σ38, or RpoS), a 37.8 kD protein in Escherichia coli. Sigma factors are proteins that regulate transcription in bacteria. Sig...
Flagella
A flagellum (/fləˈdʒɛləm/; plural: flagella) is a lash-like appendage that protrudes from the cell body of certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. The word flagellum in Latin means whip. The primary...
Flagella - Wikipedia
E. coli long-term evolution experiment
The E. coli long-term evolution experiment is an ongoing study in experimental evolution led by Richard Lenski that has been tracking genetic changes in 12 initially identical populations of asexual E...
E. coli long-term evolution experiment - Wikipedia
Verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli
Verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli consists of strains of the bacterium Escherichia coli that, when infecting humans, have been linked with the severe complication hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). T...
Verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli - Wikipedia
Antibiotic resistance
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurs when a microbe acquires a genetic mutation making it resistant to the effect of one or more antimicrobial agents that were once effective. This genetic mutation m...
Antibiotic resistance - Wikipedia
EcoCyc
EcoCyc is a bioinformatics database for the bacterium Escherichia coli K-12. The EcoCyc project performs literature-based curation of the E. coli genome, and of E. coli transcriptional regulation, tra...
1996 E. coli case from Odwalla juice
The 1996 Odwalla E. coli outbreak began on October 7, 1996, when Odwalla produced a batch of apple juice using blemished fruit contaminated with E. coli bacterium, which ultimately killed a 16-month-...
RecBCD
RecBCD (EC 3.1.11.5, Exonuclease V, Escherichia coli exonuclease V, E. coli exonuclease V, gene recBC endoenzyme, RecBC deoxyribonuclease, gene recBC DNase, gene recBCD enzymes) is an enzyme of the E....
RecBCD - Wikipedia
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a type of Escherichia coli and the leading bacterial cause of diarrhea in the developing world, as well as the most common cause of travelers' diarrhea. Insu...
OmpT
OmpT is an aspartyl protease found on the outer membrane of Escherichia coli. OmpT is a subtype of the family of omptin proteases, which are found on some gram-negative species of bacteria.
OmpT i...
OmpT - Wikipedia
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli causes bacteria to stack up on each other, therefore aggregating and colonizing the intestinal mucosa, release enterotoxin and cytotoxins that are used to destroy th...
Escherichia coli O157:H7
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is an enterohemorrhagic serotype of the bacterium Escherichia coli and a cause of illness, typically through consumption of contaminated food. Infection may lead to hemorrhagi...
Escherichia coli O157:H7 - Wikipedia
FNR regulon
The fnr (fumarate and nitrate reductase) gene of Escherichia coli encodes a transcriptional activator (FNR) which is required for the expression of a number of genes involved in anaerobic respiratory ...
FNR regulon - Wikipedia
Flagellum
A flagellum (/fləˈdʒɛləm/; plural: flagella) is a lash-like appendage that protrudes from the cell body of certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. The word flagellum in Latin means whip. The primary...
Flagellum - Wikipedia
Porin response: osmoregulation in E. coli
Osmoregulation is a complex process involving several actions in the cell. E. coli and several other prokaryotes have a two-component regulatory system that plays an important role in regulating the c...
Porin response: osmoregulation in E. coli - Wikipedia
Hok/sok system
The hok/sok system is a postsegregational killing mechanism employed by the R1 plasmid in Escherichia coli. It was the first type I toxin-antitoxin pair to be identified through characterisation of a ...
Hok/sok system - Wikipedia
2006 North American E. coli O157:H7 outbreak in spinach
The 2006 North American E. coli outbreak was an Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak from spinach. The outbreak occurred in September 2006 and its probable origin was an Angus cattle ranch that had leas...
2006 North American E. coli O157:H7 outbreak in spinach - Wikipedia
Coliform index
The coliform index is a rating of the purity of water based on a count of fecal bacteria. It is one of many tests done to assure sufficient water quality. Coliform bacteria are microorganisms that pri...
Escherichia coli O104:H4
Escherichia coli O104:H4 is an enteroaggregative strain of the bacterium Escherichia coli, and the cause of the 2011 Escherichia coli O104:H4 outbreak. The "O" in the serological classification identi...
Toxin-antitoxin system
A toxin-antitoxin system is a set of two or more closely linked genes that together encode both a protein 'poison' and a corresponding 'antidote'. When these systems are contained on plasmids – t...
Toxin-antitoxin system - Wikipedia
Walkerton Tragedy
The Walkerton Tragedy is a series of events that accompanied the contamination of the water supply of Walkerton, Ontario, Canada, by Escherichia coli bacteria in May 2000.
Walkerton is a relativel...