Evacuation of Finnish Karelia
As a result of the 1940 Moscow Peace Treaty that concluded the Winter War, Finland ceded the area of Finnish Karelia and other territories to the Soviet Union. As a result, about 410,000 Finnish Kare...
Evacuation of Finnish Karelia - Wikipedia
History of German settlement in Eastern Europe
The presence of German-speaking populations in Central and Eastern Europe is rooted in centuries of history, with the settling in northeastern Europe of Germanic peoples predating even the founding of...
History of German settlement in Eastern Europe - Wikipedia
Georges Florovsky
Georges Vasilievich Florovsky (Russian: Гео́ргий Васи́льевич Флоро́вский) (September 9 [O.S. August 28], 1893 – August 11, 1979) was an Orthodox Christian priest, theologian, historian and ecumenist. ...
Yablonovka, Saratov Oblast
46°01′12″E / 51.06000°N 46.02000°E / 51.06000; 46.02000Yablonovka (Russian: Яблоновка) is a rural locality (a selo) in Rovensky District of Saratov Oblast, Russia, located...
Turks in the former Soviet Union
Turks in the former Soviet Union were a relatively small minority within the Soviet Union. However, their presence is considered important within Turkology due to the deportation of thousands of Turks...
Turks in the former Soviet Union - Wikipedia
Bierut Decrees
Bierut Decrees were a series of decrees, laws and regulations enacted by the Polish government between 1945 and 1946 concerning the expulsions and the property issues arising from them. The term is us...
Bierut Decrees - Wikipedia
Operation Priboi
Operation Priboi ("Coastal Surf") was the code name for the Soviet mass deportation from the Baltic states on March 25–28, 1949, called March deportation by Baltic historians. Some 90,000 Estonians, L...
Operation Priboi - Wikipedia
Expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia
The expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia after World War II was part of a series of evacuations and expulsions of Germans from Central and Eastern Europe during and after World War II.During the G...
Expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia - Wikipedia
Holocaust
The Holocaust (from the Greek ὁλόκαυστος holókaustos: hólos, "whole" and kaustós, "burnt"), also known as the Shoah (Hebrew: השואה, HaShoah, "the catastrophe"), was a genocide in which approximately ...
Holocaust - Wikipedia
Against Their Will
Against Their Will... The History and Geography of Forced Migrations in the USSR is a historical research book by Pavel Polyan, published by the Memorial society. It is the first comprehensive study o...
Against Their Will - Wikipedia
June deportation
June deportation (Estonian: Juuniküüditamine, Latvian: Jūnija deportācijas, Lithuanian: Birželio trėmimai) was the first in the series of mass Soviet deportations of tens of thousands of p...
June deportation - Wikipedia
Labor army
The notion of the Labor army (трудовая армия, трудармия) was introduced in Soviet Russia during 1920. Initially the term was applied to regiments of Red Army transferred from military activity to labo...
Soviet deportations from Estonia
As the Soviet Union had occupied Estonia in 1940 and retaken it from Nazi Germany again in 1944, tens of thousands of Estonia's citizens underwent deportation in the 1940s. Deportations were predomina...
Soviet deportations from Estonia - Wikipedia
East Prussian State Museum
The East Prussian State Museum (German: Ostpreußisches Landesmuseum) in Lüneburg, Lower Saxony in Germany, was established 1987 on the basis of the East Prussian Hunting Museum (German: Ostpre...
East Prussian State Museum - Wikipedia
Brno death march
The Brno march, sometimes also called a death march (German: Brünner Todesmarsch) began late on the night of 30 May 1945 when the ethnic German minority in Brno, capital of the Czechoslovak provin...
Population transfer in the Soviet Union
Population transfer in the Soviet Union may be classified into the following broad categories: deportations of "anti-Soviet" categories of population, often classified as "enemies of workers," deporta...
Population transfer in the Soviet Union - Wikipedia
Ústí massacre
The Ústí massacre (Czech: Ústecký masakr, German: Massaker von Aussig) was a lynching of ethnic Germans in Ústí nad Labem (Aussig an der Elbe), a largely ethnic German city in northern Bohemia ("S...
Ústí massacre - Wikipedia
Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
The Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (German: Autonome Sozialistische Sowjetrepublik der Wolgadeutschen; Russian: Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика Немцев Повол...
Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic - Wikipedia
Untermensch
Untermensch (German for underman, sub-man, subhuman; plural: Untermenschen) is a term that became infamous when the Nazis used it to describe "inferior people" often referred to as "the masses from th...
Untermensch - Wikipedia
Deportation of Germans from Romania after World War II
The deportation of Germans from Romania after World War II, conducted on Soviet order early in 1945, uprooted tens of thousands of Romania's Germans, many of whom lost their lives. The deportation was...
Deportation of Germans from Romania after World War II - Wikipedia
Demographic estimates of the flight and expulsion of Germans
Demographic estimates of the flight and expulsion of Germans have been derived by either the compilation of registered dead and missing persons or by a comparison of pre-war and post-war population da...
Demographic estimates of the flight and expulsion of Germans - Wikipedia
Operation Lentil (Caucasus)
Operation Lentil (Russian: Чечевица, Chechevitsa; Chechen: Aardax, Ardakh) was the Soviet expulsion of the whole of the Vainakh (Chechen and Ingush) populations of the North Caucasus to Centra...
Forced settlements in the Soviet Union
Forced settlements in the Soviet Union took several forms. Though the most notorious was the Gulag labor camp system of penal labor, resettling of entire categories of population was another method of...
Forced settlements in the Soviet Union - Wikipedia
Nazi crimes against ethnic Poles
The German Nazi crimes against the Polish nation claimed the lives of 2.77 million ethnic Poles according to estimates of the Polish government-affiliated Institute of National Remembrance (IPN), and ...
Nazi crimes against ethnic Poles - Wikipedia
Kulak
Kulaks (Russian: кула́к, kulak; [kʊˈlak], Polish: kułak) "fist", by extension "tight-fisted"; kurkuls in Ukraine, also used in Russian texts (in Ukrainian contexts) were a category of relativ...
Kulak - Wikipedia
Kola Norwegians
The Kola Norwegians were Norwegian settlers along the coastline of the Kola Peninsula in Russia.
In 1860 the Russian Tsar Alexander II granted permission for Norwegian settlements on the Kola. Aro...