Demir and Baykara v Turkey
Demir and Baykara v Turkey [2008] ECHR 1345 is a landmark European Court of Human Rights case concerning Article 11 ECHR and the right to engage in collective bargaining. It affirmed the fundamental r...
Demir and Baykara v Turkey - Wikipedia
Laval Un Partneri Ltd v Svenska Byggnadsarbetareforbundet
Laval Un Partneri Ltd v Svenska Byggnadsarbetareförbundet [2008] IRLR 160 (C-341/05) is an EU law case, relevant to all labour law within the European Union, including UK labour law, which held that t...
Handels-og Kontorfunktionaerernes Forbund I Danmark v Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening, acting on behalf o...
Handels-og Kontorfunktionaerernes Forbund I Danmark v Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening, acting on behalf of Danfoss (1989) C-109/88 is an EU labour law case, which held that if an employer is to justify ind...
Handels-og Kontorfunktionaerernes Forbund I Danmark v Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening, acting on behalf of Danfoss - Wikipedia
Employment Information Directive
The Employment Information Directive 91/553/EEC is an EU Directive which regulates European labour law for the purpose of making workers' contracts transparent.
European Union Civil Service Tribunal
The European Union Civil Service Tribunal is a specialised court within the Court of Justice of the European Union. It was established on 2 December 2005.
The Treaty of Nice provides for the creat...
Kutz-Bauer v Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg
Kutz-Bauer v Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg [2003] ECR I-02741 (2002) C-187/00 is an EU labour law case, which held that in justifying discrimination, budgetary considerations alone cannot be decisive.<...
Kutz-Bauer v Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg - Wikipedia
Pregnancy discrimination
Pregnancy discrimination is a type of employment discrimination that occurs when expectant people are fired, not hired, or otherwise discriminated against due to their pregnancy or intention to become...
Kolpak ruling
The Kolpak ruling is a European Court of Justice ruling handed down on 8 May 2003 in favour of Maroš Kolpak, a Slovak handball player. It declared that citizens of countries which have signed European...
Wilson and Palmer v United Kingdom
Wilson v United Kingdom [2002] ECHR 552 is a UK labour law and European labour law case concerning discrimination by employers against their workers who join and take action through trade unions. Afte...
Wilson and Palmer v United Kingdom - Wikipedia
Blue Card (European Union)
The Blue Card is an approved EU-wide work permit (Council Directive 2009/50/EC) allowing high-skilled non-EU citizens to work and live in any country within the European Union, excluding Denmark, Irel...
Nimz v Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg
Nimz v Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg (1991) C-184/89 is an EU labour law case, which held that a justification that part-time employees could be paid less, since full-time employees could acquire skill...
Bilka-Kaufhaus GmbH v Weber von Hartz
Bilka-Kaufhaus GmbH v Weber von Hartz (1986) C-170/84 is an EU labour law case, that sets out the test for objective justification for indirect discrimination.
Karin Weber von Hartz was a part-tim...
European labour law
European labour law is the developing field of laws relating to rights of employment and partnership at work within the European Union and countries adhering to the European Convention on Human Rights...
Garden leave
Garden leave or gardening leave describes the practice where an employee leaving a job – having resigned or otherwise had their employment terminated – is instructed to stay away from work during the ...
Employment record book
An employment record book is an official personal document recording the employment status of its owner over time. Many European countries issue such documents. The first employment record books are s...
Employment record book - Wikipedia
Pregnant Workers Directive
The Pregnant Workers Directive 92/85/EEC is a European Union Directive. It concerns the basic rights of all people before and after pregnancy in the European Union.
The main provisions are as foll...