Spanish West Africa
Spanish West Africa (Spanish: África Occidental Española) is a former possession in the western Sahara Desert that Spain ruled after giving much of its former northwestern African possessions to M...
Liberal Period (Dutch East Indies)
The Liberal Period refers to the economic polices instituted in the Dutch East Indies from the mid-nineteenth century.
Under the cultivation system (or "tanam paksa" in Indonesian) in place for mo...
Liberal Period (Dutch East Indies) - Wikipedia
Pacification of Libya
The Pacification of Libya, also known as the Second Italo-Senussi War, was a prolonged conflict in Italian Libya between Italian military forces and indigenous rebels associated with the Senussi Order...
Pacification of Libya - Wikipedia
Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty
The Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty (German: Helgoland-Sansibar-Vertrag; also known as the Anglo-German Agreement of 1890) was an agreement signed on 1 July 1890 between Germany and Great Britain. Ge...
Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty - Wikipedia
Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1891
The Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1891 was an agreement between the United Kingdom and Portugal which fixed the boundaries between the British Central Africa Protectorate, (now Malawi), and the territori...
First Boer War
The First Boer War (Afrikaans: Eerste Vryheidsoorlog, literally "First Freedom War"), also known as the First Anglo-Boer War or the Transvaal War, was a war fought from 16 December 1880 until 23 M...
Decolonisation of Africa
The decolonization of Africa followed World War II, when colonized peoples agitated for independence and colonial powers withdrew their administrators from Africa.
During the Scramble for Africa i...
Decolonisation of Africa - Wikipedia
Portuguese Colonial War
The Portuguese Colonial War (Portuguese: Guerra Colonial Portuguesa), also known in Portugal as the Overseas War (Guerra do Ultramar) or in the former colonies as the War of Liberation (Guerra de ...
Portuguese Colonial War - Wikipedia
Anglo-Egyptian War (1882)
The Anglo-Egyptian War occurred in 1882 between Egyptian and Sudanese forces under Ahmed ‘Urabi and the United Kingdom. It ended a nationalist uprising against the khedive Tewfik Pasha and vastly expa...
Swedish Africa Company
The Swedish Africa Company (Swedish: Svenska Afrikanska Kompaniet) was a Swedish trading company, founded in 1649 on the initiative of the Walloon-Dutch merchant Louis De Geer and his son Laurens,...
Swedish Africa Company - Wikipedia
Senegambia (Dutch West India Company)
Senegambia, also known in Dutch as Bovenkust ("Upper Coast"), was the collective noun for the fortifications and trading posts owned by the Dutch West India Company (DWIC) in the region now known as S...
Senegambia (Dutch West India Company) - Wikipedia
Gatekeeper state
The concept of a gatekeeper state was introduced by the Historian of Africa Frederick Cooper in his book Africa Since 1940: The Past of the Present. It is used to describe African nations whose main f...
German West African Company
The German West African Company, in German Deutsch-Westafrikanische Gesellschaft / Compagnie, was a German chartered company, founded in 1885. It exploited the two German protectorates in German West...
Macaulayism
Macaulayism is the conscious policy of liquidating indigenous culture through the planned substitution of the alien culture of a colonizing power via the education system. The term is derived from the...
Macaulayism - Wikipedia
Weltpolitik
"Weltpolitik" ("world policy") was the foreign policy adopted by Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany in 1890, which marked a decisive break with former Chancellor Otto von Bismarck's ' "Realpolitik." The aim...
Weltpolitik - Wikipedia
Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes
Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes (22 October 1839 – 18 July 1900) was a French general. He was a major figure in the French Imperial conquest of the French Soudan, modern Mali. He was Commandant-Superior of ...
Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes - Wikipedia
African Atlantis
The African Atlantis is now a discredited a hypothetical civilization thought to have once existed in southern Africa, initially proposed by German ethnologist Leo Frobenius towards the end of the 19t...
African Atlantis - Wikipedia
Second Moroccan Crisis
The Agadir Crisis (also called the Second Moroccan Crisis or the Panthersprung) was the international tension sparked by the deployment of a substantial force of French troops in the interior of Moroc...
Second Moroccan Crisis - Wikipedia
Capture of Algiers (1529)
The Capture of Algiers was accomplished when the Ottoman admiral Hayreddin Barbarossa took the Algerian city of Algiers from the Kabyles as well as the Habsburg Spanish in 1529.
In 1510, the Spani...
Capture of Algiers (1529) - Wikipedia
Decolonization of Africa
The decolonization of Africa followed World War II, when colonized peoples agitated for independence and colonial powers withdrew their administrators from Africa. The only two world powers to officia...
Decolonization of Africa - Wikipedia