Spanish West Africa
Spanish West Africa (Spanish: África Occidental Española) is a former possession in the western Sahara Desert that Spain ruled after giving much of its former northwestern African possessions to M...
Portuguese Mozambicans
Portuguese Mozambicans (Portuguese: luso-moçambicanos) are Mozambican-born descendants of Portuguese settlers.
Portuguese explorers turned to present-day Mozambique and two other PALOP nations...
Italian Eritrea
Italian Eritrea was a colony of the Kingdom of Italy in the territory of present-day Eritrea. Although it was formally created in 1890, the first Italian settlements in the area were establis...
Italian Eritrea - Wikipedia
Colonisation of Africa
The history of external colonisation of Africa can be divided into three stages: Classical antiquity, Arab conquest, and European colonialism. In popular parlance, discussions of colonialism in Afric...
Colonisation of Africa - Wikipedia
Liberal Period (Dutch East Indies)
The Liberal Period refers to the economic polices instituted in the Dutch East Indies from the mid-nineteenth century.
Under the cultivation system (or "tanam paksa" in Indonesian) in place for mo...
Liberal Period (Dutch East Indies) - Wikipedia
Pacification of Libya
The Pacification of Libya, also known as the Second Italo-Senussi War, was a prolonged conflict in Italian Libya between Italian military forces and indigenous rebels associated with the Senussi Order...
Pacification of Libya - Wikipedia
Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty
The Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty (German: Helgoland-Sansibar-Vertrag; also known as the Anglo-German Agreement of 1890) was an agreement signed on 1 July 1890 between Germany and Great Britain. Ge...
Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty - Wikipedia
Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1891
The Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1891 was an agreement between the United Kingdom and Portugal which fixed the boundaries between the British Central Africa Protectorate, (now Malawi), and the territori...
Second Zambesi Expedition
The Second Zambesi Expedition, from 1858 to 1864, was launched by the Royal Geographical Society of Britain to explore Southeast Africa for mineral deposits and other natural resources. The expeditio...
Second Zambesi Expedition - Wikipedia
Dutch Loango-Angola
Loango-Angola is the name for the possessions of the Dutch West India Company in contemporary Angola and the Republic of the Congo. Notably, the name refers to the colony that was occupied from the Po...
Dutch Loango-Angola - Wikipedia
First Boer War
The First Boer War (Afrikaans: Eerste Vryheidsoorlog, literally "First Freedom War"), also known as the First Anglo-Boer War or the Transvaal War, was a war fought from 16 December 1880 until 23 M...
Anglo-Egyptian War (1882)
The Anglo-Egyptian War occurred in 1882 between Egyptian and Sudanese forces under Ahmed ‘Urabi and the United Kingdom. It ended a nationalist uprising against the khedive Tewfik Pasha and vastly expa...
Swedish Africa Company
The Swedish Africa Company (Swedish: Svenska Afrikanska Kompaniet) was a Swedish trading company, founded in 1649 on the initiative of the Walloon-Dutch merchant Louis De Geer and his son Laurens,...
Swedish Africa Company - Wikipedia
Sagallo
Sagallo (Russian: Сагалло, French: Sagallou), also known as Russian Somali, was a short-lived Russian colony in 1889, on the Gulf of Tadjoura in present-day Djibouti.
The Russian Empire r...
Sagallo - Wikipedia
German West African Company
The German West African Company, in German Deutsch-Westafrikanische Gesellschaft / Compagnie, was a German chartered company, founded in 1885. It exploited the two German protectorates in German West...
Macaulayism
Macaulayism is the conscious policy of liquidating indigenous culture through the planned substitution of the alien culture of a colonizing power via the education system. The term is derived from the...
Macaulayism - Wikipedia
Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes
Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes (22 October 1839 – 18 July 1900) was a French general. He was a major figure in the French Imperial conquest of the French Soudan, modern Mali. He was Commandant-Superior of ...
Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes - Wikipedia
African Atlantis
The African Atlantis is now a discredited a hypothetical civilization thought to have once existed in southern Africa, initially proposed by German ethnologist Leo Frobenius towards the end of the 19t...
African Atlantis - Wikipedia
Herero and Namaqua Genocide
Herero and Namaqua Genocide was a campaign of racial extermination and collective punishment that the government of German South-West Africa (modern-day Namibia) undertook against the Herero and Nama ...
Herero and Namaqua Genocide - Wikipedia
Military history of Africa
The military history of Africa is one of the oldest military histories in the world. Africa is a continent of many regions with diverse populations speaking hundreds of different languages and practic...
Military history of Africa - Wikipedia
Capture of Algiers (1529)
The Capture of Algiers was accomplished when the Ottoman admiral Hayreddin Barbarossa took the Algerian city of Algiers from the Kabyles as well as the Habsburg Spanish in 1529.
In 1510, the Spani...
Capture of Algiers (1529) - Wikipedia