Field (physics)
A field is a physical quantity that has a value for each point in space and time. For example, in a weather forecast, the wind velocity is described by assigning a vector to each point on a map. Each ...
Field (physics) - Wikipedia
What Do You Mean, The Universe Is Flat?
The universe is three-dimensional. The universe is four-dimensional—three for space, one for time. The universe has nine, or ten or eleven dimensions.Matter curves spacetime. The universe is flat.The ...
Quantum scientists create light from vacuum
Scientists at Chalmers have succeeded in creating light from vacuum – observing an effect first predicted over 40 years ago. The results have been published in the journal Nature. In an innovative exp...
Classical field theory
A classical field theory is a physical theory that describes the study of how one or more physical fields interact with matter. The word 'classical' is used in contrast to those field theories that in...
Spacetime symmetries
Spacetime symmetries are features of spacetime that can be described as exhibiting some form of symmetry. The role of symmetry in physics is important in simplifying solutions to many problems, spacet...
Gauge symmetry
In physics, a gauge theory is a type of field theory in which the Lagrangian is invariant under a continuous group of local transformations.The term gauge refers to redundant degrees of freedom in the...
Gauge symmetry - Wikipedia
Speed of gravity
In classical theories of gravitation, the speed of gravity is the speed at which changes in a gravitational field propagate. This is the speed at which a change in the distribution of energy and momen...
Aberration of light
The aberration of light (also referred to as astronomical aberration or stellar aberration) is an astronomical phenomenon which produces an apparent motion of celestial objects about their locations d...
Aberration of light - Wikipedia
Liénard-Wiechert potential
Liénard–Wiechert potentials describe the classical electromagnetic effect of a moving electric point charge in terms of a vector potential and a scalar potential in the Lorenz gauge. Built directly fr...
Near and far field
The near field (or near-field) and far field (or far-field) are regions of the electromagnetic field around an object, such as a transmitting antenna, or the result of radiation scattering off an obje...
Near and far field - Wikipedia
Virtual particle
In physics, a virtual particle is an explanatory conceptual entity that is found in mathematical calculations about quantum field theory. It refers to mathematical terms that have some appearance of r...
What Do You Mean, The Universe Is Flat?
The universe is three-dimensional. The universe is four-dimensional—three for space, one for time. The universe has nine, or ten or eleven dimensions.Matter curves spacetime. The universe is flat.The ...
Quantum scientists create light from vacuum
Scientists at Chalmers have succeeded in creating light from vacuum – observing an effect first predicted over 40 years ago. The results have been published in the journal Nature. In an innovative exp...
Gluon
Gluons /ˈɡluːɒnz/ are elementary particles that act as the exchange particles (or gauge bosons) for the strong force between quarks, analogous to the exchange of photons in the electromagnetic force b...
Gluon - Wikipedia
Photon
A photon is an elementary particle, the quantum of light and all other forms of electromagnetic radiation. It is the force carrier for the electromagnetic force, even when static via virtual photons. ...
Photon - Wikipedia
Vacuum genesis
Vacuum genesis (zero-energy universe) is a scientific theory about the Big Bang that states that the universe began as a single particle arising from an absolute vacuum, similar to how virtual particl...
Gravitation
Hammer and feather drop: Apollo 15 astronaut David Scott on the Moon enacting the legend of Galileo's gravity experiment. (1.38 MB, ogg/Theora format).Gravity (also called gravitation) is a natural ...
Gravitation - Wikipedia
Hydrodynamics
In physics, fluid dynamics is a subdiscipline of fluid mechanics that deals with fluid flow—the natural science of fluids (liquids and gases) in motion. It has several subdisciplines itself, includi...
Electromagnetic field
An electromagnetic field (also EMF or EM field) is a physical field produced by electrically charged objects. It affects the behavior of charged objects in the vicinity of the field. The electromagn...
Electrostatics
Electrostatics is a branch of physics that deals with the phenomena and properties of stationary or slow-moving electric charges with no acceleration.Since classical physics, it has been known that so...
Electrostatics - Wikipedia
Unruh effect
The hypothetical Unruh effect (or sometimes Fulling–Davies–Unruh effect) is the prediction that an accelerating observer will observe black-body radiation where an inertial observer would observe none...
Affine vector field
An affine vector field (sometimes affine collineation or affine) is a projective vector field preserving geodesics and preserving the affine parameter. Mathematically, this is expressed by the followi...
Homothetic vector field
A homothetic vector field (sometimes homothetic collineation or homothety) is a projective vector field which satisfies the condition:where c is a real constant. Homothetic vector fields find applicat...
Pair production
Pair production is the creation of an elementary particle and its antiparticle, for example an electron and its antiparticle, the positron, a muon and antimuon, or a tau and antitau. Usually it occurs...
Gauge boson
In particle physics, a gauge boson is a force carrier, a bosonic particle that carries any of the fundamental interactions of nature. Elementary particles, whose interactions are described by a gauge ...
Matter collineation
A matter collineation (sometimes matter symmetry and abbreviated to MC) is a vector field that satisfies the condition,where are the energy-momentum tensor components. The intimate relation between g...
Quantum tunnelling
Quantum tunnelling or tunneling (see spelling differences) refers to the quantum mechanical phenomenon where a particle tunnels through a barrier that it classically could not surmount. This plays an ...
Quantum tunnelling - Wikipedia
Curvature collineation
A curvature collineation (often abbreviated to CC) is vector field which preserves the Riemann tensor in the sense that,where are the components of the Riemann tensor. The set of all smooth curvature...
Lagrangian
The Lagrangian, L, of a dynamical system is a mathematical function that summarizes the dynamics of the system. For a simple mechanical system, it is the value given by the kinetic energy of the parti...
Magnetism
Magnetism is a class of physical phenomena that are mediated by magnetic fields. Electric currents and the fundamental magnetic moments of elementary particles give rise to a magnetic field, which ac...
Magnetism - Wikipedia