First Bulgarian Empire
The First Bulgarian Empire (modern Bulgarian: Първo българско царство, Parvo Balgarsko Tsarstvo) was an early medieval Turkic Bulgarian state founded in the north-eastern Balkans in c. 681 by t...
First Bulgarian Empire - Wikipedia
Krum of Bulgaria
Krum the Fearsome (Bulgarian: Крум Страшни) was khan of Bulgaria during the First Bulgarian Empire from sometime after 796 but before 803 until his death in 814. During his reign the Bulgarian ter...
Krum of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Battle of Pliska
The Battle of Pliska or Battle of Vărbitsa Pass was a series of battles between troops, gathered from all parts of the Byzantine Empire, led by the Emperor Nicephorus I Genik, and Bulgaria, governed b...
Battle of Pliska - Wikipedia
Christianization of Bulgaria
The Christianization of Bulgaria was the process by which 9th-century medieval Bulgaria converted to Christianity. It was influenced by the Khan's shifting political alliances with the kingdom of the...
Christianization of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Simeon I of Bulgaria
Simeon (also Symeon) I the Great (Bulgarian: Симеон I Велики, transliterated Simeon I Veliki [simɛˈɔn ˈpɤ̞rvi vɛˈliki]) ruled over Bulgaria from 893 to 927, during the First Bulgarian Empire. Sime...
Simeon I of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Battle of Achelous (917)
27°38′12″E / 42.64306°N 27.63667°E / 42.64306; 27.63667The Battle of Achelous or Acheloos (Bulgarian: Битката при Ахелой, Greek: Μάχη του Αχελώου), also known as the B...
Battle of Achelous (917) - Wikipedia
Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria
Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria refers to a conflict beginning in 967/968 and ending in 971, carried out in the eastern Balkans, and involving the Kievan Rus', Bulgaria, and the Byzantine Empire. Th...
Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Samuil of Bulgaria
Samuel (also Samuil, representing Bulgarian Самуил, pronounced [samuˈil]) was the Tsar (Emperor) of the First Bulgarian Empire from 997 to 6 October 1014. From 977 to 997, he was a general under Roman...
Samuil of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Battle of Kleidion
23°1′00″E / 41.36667°N 23.01667°E / 41.36667; 23.01667 The Battle of Kleidion (or Clidium, after the medieval name of the village of Klyuch, "(the) key"; also known as the Bat...
Battle of Kleidion - Wikipedia
Medieval Bulgarian army
The medieval Bulgarian army was the primary military body of the First and the Second Bulgarian Empires. During the first decades after the foundation of the country, the army consisted of a Bulgar ca...
Medieval Bulgarian army - Wikipedia
Byzantine army
The Byzantine army or Eastern Roman army was the primary military body of the Byzantine armed forces, serving alongside the Byzantine navy. A direct descendant of the Roman army, the Byzantine army ma...
Byzantine army - Wikipedia
Battle of Strumitsa
The Battle of Strumica took place near Strumica (or Strumitsa, present-day Republic of Macedonia) in August 1014 between Bulgarian and Byzantine forces. Shortly after the disaster at Kleidion, Bulgari...
Battle of Strumitsa - Wikipedia
Bulgarian-Hungarian Wars
The Bulgarian–Hungarian wars were a series of conflicts that occurred during the 9th–14th centuries between the Bulgarian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary. The nearly 500-year conflict encompassed th...
Bulgarian-Hungarian Wars - Wikipedia
Battle of the Gates of Trajan
The Battle of the Gates of Trajan (Bulgarian: Битката при Траянови Врата, Greek: Μάχη στις Πύλες του Τραϊανού) was a battle between Byzantine and Bulgarian forces in the year 986. It took pla...
Battle of the Gates of Trajan - Wikipedia
Cometopuli dynasty
The Cometopuli dynasty (Bulgarian: Династия на комитопулите; Byzantine Greek: Κομητόπουλοι) was the last royal dynasty in the First Bulgarian Empire, ruling from ca. 976 until the fall of Bulgaria...
Cometopuli dynasty - Wikipedia
Croato-Bulgarian Wars
The Croatian–Bulgarian Wars were a series of conflicts that erupted three times during the 9th and 10th centuries between the medieval realms of Croatia and Bulgaria. During these wars, Croatia formed...
Croato-Bulgarian Wars - Wikipedia
Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars
The Byzantine–Bulgarian wars were a series of conflicts fought between the Byzantines and Bulgarians which began when the Bulgars first settled in the Balkan peninsula in the 5th century, and intensi...
Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars - Wikipedia
Boris Sagal
Boris Sagal (October 18, 1923 – May 22, 1981) was a Ukrainian-born American television and film director.
Born in Yekaterinoslav, Ukrainian SSR (now known as Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine), Sagal emigra...