Flat Earth
The Flat Earth model is an archaic belief that the Earth's shape is a plane or disk. Many ancient cultures have had conceptions of a flat Earth, including Greece until the classical period, the Bronze...
Flat Earth - Wikipedia
Indian astronomy
From pre-historic to modern times, Indian astronomy continues to play an integral role. Some of the earliest roots of Indian astronomy can be dated to the period of Indus Valley Civilization or earlie...
Indian astronomy - Wikipedia
Chinese astronomy
Astronomy in China has a very long history, with historians indicating that they [the Chinese] were the most persistent and accurate observers of celestial phenomena anywhere in the world before the A...
Chinese astronomy - Wikipedia
History of geodesy
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center's brief history of geodesy.Geodesy (/dʒiːˈɒdɨsi/),[1] also named geodetics, is the scientific discipline that deals with the measurement and representation of the Ea...
History of geodesy - Wikipedia
Myth of the Flat Earth
The myth of the Flat Earth is the modern misconception that the prevailing cosmological view during the Middle Ages saw the Earth as flat, instead of spherical.During the early Middle Ages, virtually ...
Myth of the Flat Earth - Wikipedia
Flat Earth Society
Modern flat Earth societies, formerly represented by the International Flat Earth Research Society (IFERS), are present day organizations which aim to promote the idea based on a disputed quote in th...
Flat Earth Society - Wikipedia
Geography and cartography in medieval Islam
Medieval Arabian and Persian geography was based on Hellenistic geography and reached its apex with Muhammad al-Idrisi in the 12th century.
After its beginnings in the 8th century based on Helleni...
Geography and cartography in medieval Islam - Wikipedia
Bedford Level experiment
The Bedford Level Experiment is a series of observations carried out along a six-mile (9.7 km) length of the Old Bedford River on the Bedford Level, Norfolk, England, during the nineteenth and e...
Bedford Level experiment - Wikipedia
Christian Topography
The Christian Topography (original Greek title Χριστιανικὴ Τοπογραφία, Latin title Topographia Christiana) is a 6th-century work, one of the earliest essays in scientific geography written by a Christ...
Christian Topography - Wikipedia
Mohammed Yusuf (Boko Haram)
Mohammed Yusuf (29 January 1970 – 30 July 2009), also known as Ustaz Mohammed Yusuf, was a Muslim sect leader. He was born in Girgir village, in Jakusko, present day Yobe State, Nigeria. He founded th...
Samuel Rowbotham
Samuel Birley Rowbotham (1816–1884) was an English inventor and writer who wrote Zetetic Astronomy: Earth Not a Globe under the pseudonym "Parallax". His work was based on his decade-long studies of t...
Chinese star maps
Chinese star maps (Chinese: 星图, 星圖, xīngtú) are usually directional or graphical representations of Chinese astronomical alignments. Throughout the history of China, numerous star maps have been rec...
Chinese star maps - Wikipedia
Charles K. Johnson
Charles Kenneth Johnson (July 24, 1924 – March 19, 2001) was, from 1972 until his death, the president of the International Flat Earth Society, which he and his wife ran from their home in California....
World Elephant
The concept of a World Elephant is not found anywhere in the Puranas or the Epics. In the epics and major Puranas, there "is no myth of a world-upholding elephant", and Al Biruni makes no mention of i...
Samuel Shenton
Samuel Shenton (March 1903 – 2 March 1971) was the founder in 1956 of the International Flat Earth Research Society (IFERS), usually known as the Flat Earth Society, based in Dover, England. He lectur...
William Carpenter (flat Earth theorist)
William Carpenter (February 25, 1830 – September 1, 1896), an English printer and author was a proponent of the Flat Earth theory active in England and the United States in the nineteenth century. Car...
William Carpenter (flat Earth theorist) - Wikipedia
Leo Ferrari
Leo Charles Ferrari (December 8, 1927 – October 7, 2010) was a St. Thomas University philosophy professor, noted Saint Augustine scholar, and founding member of the parody organization Flat Earth Soci...
Christian Catholic Apostolic Church
Christ Community Church in Zion, Illinois, formerly the Christian Catholic Church or Christian Catholic Apostolic Church, is an evangelical Protestant church founded in 1896 by John Alexander Dowie. T...
Horizontal and vertical
The usage of the inter-related terms horizontal and vertical varies with context, There are important symmetries and asymmetries between the two terms which change as one goes from two to three dimens...
Horizontal and vertical - Wikipedia
Turtles all the way down
"Turtles all the way down" is a jocular expression of the infinite regress problem in cosmology posed by the "unmoved mover" paradox. The metaphor in the anecdote represents a popular notion of the my...
Wilbur Glenn Voliva
Wilbur Glenn Voliva (March 10, 1870 – October 11, 1942) was an evangelist and a prominent proponent of Flat Earth theories.
Voliva was born on a farm in Indiana on Mar. 10, 1870. In 1889, he...
Wilbur Glenn Voliva - Wikipedia
John Alexander Dowie
John Alexander Dowie (25 May 1847 – 9 March 1907) was a Scottish evangelist and faith healer who ministered in Australia and the United States. He founded the city of Zion, Illinois, and the Chri...
John Alexander Dowie - Wikipedia
World Turtle
The World Turtle (also referred to as the Cosmic Turtle, the World-bearing Turtle, or the Divine Turtle) is a mytheme of a giant turtle (or tortoise) supporting or containing the world. The mytheme, w...
World Turtle - Wikipedia
Technology of the Song Dynasty
The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝; 960–1279 CE) provided some of the most significant technological advances in Chinese history, many of which came from talented statesmen drafted by the government th...
Technology of the Song Dynasty - Wikipedia