Flavonoids
Flavonoids (or bioflavonoids) (from the Latin word flavus meaning yellow, their color in nature) are a class of plant secondary metabolites. Flavonoids were referred to as Vitamin P (probably becaus...
Flavonoids - Wikipedia
"Good" gut microbes revealed as the key to dark chocolate's health benefits
It has long been known that eating chocolate, particularly dark chocolate, has numerous health benefits. Although various studies have backed this up, the exact reason as to why this is so has remaine...
Why You Should Have A Little Dark Chocolate Every Day
Do you ever feel like health advice has bipolar disorder or at the very least, mood swings? One day margarine is going to save your heart and then we find out that the hydrogenated oils in margarine
Flavonoid biosynthesis
Flavonoids are synthesized by the phenylpropanoid metabolic pathway in which the amino acid phenylalanine is used to produce 4-coumaroyl-CoA. This can be combined with malonyl-CoA to yield the true b...
Flavonoid biosynthesis - Wikipedia
Quercetin
Quercetin /ˈkwɜrsɨtɨn/ is a flavonol found in many fruits, vegetables, leaves and grains. It can be used as an ingredient in supplements, beverages, or foods.
Quercetin is a flavonoid widely distr...
Quercetin - Wikipedia
Polyphenols in tea
The phenolic content in tea refers to the phenols and polyphenols, natural plant compounds which are found in tea. These chemical compounds affect the flavor and mouthfeel and are speculated to provi...
Polyphenols in wine
The phenolic content in wine refers to the phenolic compounds—natural phenol and polyphenols—in wine, which include a large group of several hundred chemical compounds that affect the taste, color and...
Polyphenols in wine - Wikipedia
Health effects of chocolate
The health effects of chocolate refer to the possible beneficial or detrimental physiological effects of eating chocolate.Unconstrained consumption of large quantities of any energy-rich food, such as...
Health effects of chocolate - Wikipedia
Anthocyanidin
Anthocyanidins are common plant pigments. They are the sugar-free counterparts of anthocyanins based on the flavylium ion or 2-phenylchromenylium, which is a type of oxonium ion (chromenylium is refer...
Anthocyanidin - Wikipedia
Condensed tannin
Condensed tannins (proanthocyanidins, polyflavonoid tannins, catechol-type tannins, pyrocatecollic type tannins, non-hydrolyzable tannins or flavolans) are polymers formed by the condensation of flav...
Condensed tannin - Wikipedia
Flavan
The flavans are benzopyran derivatives that use the 2-phenyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-chromene skeleton. They may be found in plants. These compounds include the flavan-3-ols, flavan-4-ols and flavan-3,4-diols ...
Flavan - Wikipedia
Flavones
Flavones (flavus = yellow), are a class of flavonoids based on the backbone of 2-phenylchromen-4-one (2-phenyl-1-benzopyran-4-one) shown on the right.Natural flavones include apigenin (4',5,7-trihydro...
Flavones - Wikipedia
Flavonols
Flavonols are a class of flavonoids that have the 3-hydroxyflavone backbone (IUPAC name : 3-hydroxy-2-phenylchromen-4-one). Their diversity stems from the different positions the phenolic -OH gro...
Flavonols - Wikipedia
Isoflavonoid
Isoflavonoids are a class of flavonoid phenolic compounds. They are biologically active compounds, such as phytoestrogens, produced by pea family plants.Isoflavonoids are derived from the flavonoid bi...
Isoflavonoid - Wikipedia
Leucoanthocyanidin
Leucoanthocyanidin (flavan-3,4-diols) are colorless chemical compounds related to anthocyanidins and anthocyanins. Leucoanthocyanins can be found in Anadenanthera peregrina and in several species of N...
Leucoanthocyanidin - Wikipedia
Neoflavonoid
Neoflavonoids are a class of polyphenolic compounds. While flavonoids (in the narrow sense) have the 2-phenylchromen-4-one backbone, neoflavonoids have the 4-phenylchromen backbone with no hydroxyl gr...
Neoflavonoid - Wikipedia
Prenylflavonoids
Prenylated flavonoids or prenylflavonoids are a sub-class of flavonoids. They are widely distributed throughout the plant kingdom. Some are known to have phytoestrogenic or antioxidant properties. The...
Prenylflavonoids - Wikipedia
Neoflavan
Neoflavan is a heterocyclic chemical compound that forms the central core of neoflavonoids.
Neoflavan - Wikipedia
Apigeninidin
Apigeninidin (Gesneridin) is a chemical compound belonging to the 3-deoxyanthocyanidins and that can be found in the Patagonian plant Ephedra frustillata and in the soybean. Apigeninidin is one of the...
Apigeninidin - Wikipedia
Derrubone
Derrubone is a prenylated isoflavone, a type of flavonoid. It was originally isolated from the Indian tree Derris robusta. Recent research indicates that it acts as an inhibitor of Hsp90 to its functi...
7-O-Methylluteone
7-O-Methylluteone is a prenylated isoflavone. It can be found in the bark of Erythrina burttii.The enzyme monoprenyl isoflavone epoxidase uses 7-O-methylluteone, NADPH, H and O2 to produce a dihydrofu...
7-O-Methylluteone - Wikipedia