Congo Free State
The Congo Free State (French: État indépendant du Congo) was a large area in Central Africa that was privately controlled by Leopold II of Belgium. Leopold was able to procure the region by convin...
Congo Free State - Wikipedia
Vassal and tributary states of the Ottoman Empire
Vassal States were a number of tributary or vassal states, usually on the periphery of the Ottoman Empire under suzerainty of the Porte, over which direct control was not established, for various reas...
Vassal and tributary states of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia
Former Liang
The Former Liang (Chinese: 前涼; pinyin: Qián Liáng; 320–376) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin dynasty (265–420) in China. It was founded by the Zhang family of the Han Chinese...
Lord of Biscay
Lord of Biscay (Basque: Bizkaiko Jauna, Spanish: Señor de Vizcaya) is the historical title of the Lordship of Biscay, a feudal territory in present-day Biscay, in the Basque Country.
The f...
Lord of Biscay - Wikipedia
Liubartas
Demetrius of Liubar or Liubartas (also Lubart, Lubko, Lubardus, baptized Dmitry; died ~1383) was Prince of Lutsk and Liubar (Volhynia) (1323-1383), Prince of Zhytomyr (1363-1374), Grand Prince of Volh...
Liubartas - Wikipedia
Austro-Hungarian Army
The Austro-Hungarian Army was the ground force of the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy from 1867 to 1918. It was composed of three parts: the joint army (Gemeinsame Armee, "Common Army", recruited from ...
Austro-Hungarian Army - Wikipedia
Khedivate of Egypt
The Khedivate of Egypt (Arabic: خديوية مصر‎, [xedeˈwejjet ˈmɑsˤɾ]; Ottoman Turkish: خدیویت مصر Hıdiviyet-i Mısır) was an autonomous tributary state of the Ottoman Empire, establ...
Khedivate of Egypt - Wikipedia
Principality of Taranto
The Principality of Taranto was a state in southern Italy created in 1088 for Bohemond I, eldest son of Robert Guiscard, as part of the peace between him and his younger brother Roger Borsa after a d...
Principality of Taranto - Wikipedia
Zurab Shervashidze
Zurab Shervashidze (also known as Suraba Bey), youngest son of Manuchar, Prince of Abkhazia. He ruled Abkhazia around 1770-1780.Zurab was banished, along with his father and brothers, by the Sultan of...
Comtat Venaissin
The Comtat Venaissin (Provençal: lou Coumtat Venessin, Mistralian norm: la Coumtat, classical norm: lo Comtat Venaicin; "County of Venaissin"), often called the Comtat for short was a part of the Papa...
Comtat Venaissin - Wikipedia
Old Church Slavonic in Romania
Old Church Slavonic was the main language used for administrative (until the 16th century) and liturgical purposes (until the 17th century) by the Romanian principalities, being still occasionally use...
Zamość Fortress
Zamość Fortress (Polish: Twierdza Zamość) is a set of fortifications constructed together with the city of Zamość (southeastern Poland). It was built between 1579 and 1618, and the construction wa...
Zamość Fortress - Wikipedia
Kōnin (era)
Kōnin (弘仁) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Daidō and before Tenchō. This period spanned the years from September 810 through January 824. The reigning emper...
Kōnin (era) - Wikipedia
New Kingdom of Granada
The New Kingdom of Granada (Spanish: Nuevo Reino de Granada) was the name given to a group of 16th-century Spanish colonial provinces in northern South America governed by the president of the Aud...
New Kingdom of Granada - Wikipedia
Vladimir II Yaroslavich
Vladimir II Yaroslavich (?–1198/1199) was a Rus’ prince (a member of the Rurik dynasty). He was prince of Halych (1187–1189, 1189–1198/99).He was profligate by nature. He lived a debauched life and wa...
Vladimir II Yaroslavich - Wikipedia
Teresa Díaz II de Haro
Teresa Díaz de Haro (born before 1254) was a Spanish noble woman and a lady of Biscay, and one of five children of Diego López III de Haro, the Lord of Biscay, and Constanza de Bearne. Her maternal gr...
Teresa Díaz II de Haro - Wikipedia
Wallachia
Wallachia or Walachia is a historical and geographical region of Romania. It is situated north of the Danube and south of the Southern Carpathians. Wallachia is traditionally divided into two sections...
Wallachia - Wikipedia
Union Minière du Haut Katanga
The Union Minière du Haut-Katanga ("Mining Union of Upper Katanga"), often abbreviated to UMHK, was a Belgian mining company, once operating in Katanga, in what is now the Democratic Republic of the C...
Union Minière du Haut Katanga - Wikipedia
Aslan-Bey Shervashidze
Aslan-Bey Shervashidze was a prince of the Principality of Abkhazia from 1808-10. He was the eldest son of Kelesh Ahmed-Bey Shervashidze. Aslan-Bey was associated with pro-Turkish elements of the reg...
Duchy of Teschen
The Duchy of Teschen (German: Herzogtum Teschen), also Duchy of Cieszyn (Polish: Księstwo Cieszyńskie) or Duchy of Těšín (Czech: Těšínské knížectví, Latin: Ducatus Tessinen...
Duchy of Teschen - Wikipedia
Western Qin
The Western Qin (Chinese: 西秦; pinyin: Xīqín; 385-400, 409-431) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. Note that the Western Qin is entirely distinct fro...
Western Qin - Wikipedia
Oleg Yaroslavich
Oleg Yaroslavich "Nastachich" (after 1161 – 1189) was a Rus' prince (a member of the Rurik dynasty). He was prince of Halych (1187, 1189).Oleg was the illegitimate son of Prince Yaroslav Volodimerovic...
Oleg Yaroslavich - Wikipedia
Prince-Bishopric of Warmia
The Prince-Bishopric of Warmia (Polish: Biskupie Księstwo Warmińskie, German: Fürstbistum Ermland) was a semi independent ecclesiastical state, ruled by the incumbent ordinary of the Ermland/W...
Prince-Bishopric of Warmia - Wikipedia
Lordship of Utrecht
The Lordship of Utrecht was formed in 1528 when Charles V of Habsburg conquered the Bishopric of Utrecht, during the Guelderian Wars.In 1528, at the demand of Henry of the Palatinate, Prince-Bishop of...
Lordship of Utrecht - Wikipedia
John VII, Count of Nassau-Siegen
Count John VII of Nassau (7 June 1561 – 27 September 1623) was Count of Nassau in Siegen and Freudenberg as John I. He was the second son of Count John VI of Nassau-Dillenburg and his wife Elisa...
John VII, Count of Nassau-Siegen - Wikipedia
Seimeni
Seimeni (plural of Seimen) designates the group of flintlock-armed infantry mercenaries charged with guarding the hospodar and his Court in 17th and 18th century Wallachia and Moldavia. They were most...