Free will
Free will is the ability of agents to make choices unimpeded by certain prevailing factors. Such prevailing factors that have been studied in the past have included metaphysical constraints (such as l...
Free will - Wikipedia
'Shallow, Selfish, and Self-Absorbed' Details Why Women Aren't Having Children
As detailed in essays by 16 different writers, both male and female: because they don't want to, and because not wanting to is perfectly reasonable But there’s one issue that can make even Cool Pope F...
BBC Video - The Secret Life of Chaos
Chaos theory has a bad name, conjuring up images of unpredictable weather, economic crashes and science gone wrong. But there is a fascinating and hidden side to Chaos, one that scientists are only no...
Starling - Earthflight (Winged Planet) - Peregrine Falcon Hunts Starlings in Rome (Narrated by David Tennant)
5 million starlings stream into Rome every winter evening. They form some of the most mesmeric aerial displays to confuse and avoid a peregrine falcon on the...
Incompatibilism
Incompatibilism is the view that a deterministic universe is completely at odds with the notion that people have a free will; that there is a dichotomy between determinism and free will where philosop...
Incompatibilism - Wikipedia
Hard determinism
Hard determinism (or metaphysical determinism) is a view on free will which holds that determinism is true, and that it is incompatible with free will, and, therefore, that free will does not exist. A...
Hard determinism - Wikipedia
Libertarianism (metaphysics)
Libertarianism is one of the main philosophical positions related to the problems of free will and determinism, which are part of the larger domain of metaphysics. In particular, libertarianism, which...
Libertarianism (metaphysics) - Wikipedia
Compatibilism
Compatibilism is the belief that free will and determinism are compatible ideas, and that it is possible to believe both without being logically inconsistent. Compatibilists believe freedom can be pre...
Compatibilism - Wikipedia
Neuroscience of free will
Neuroscience of free will refers to recent neuroscientific investigation of questions that may bear upon free will. It is a topic of neurophilosophy, which studies the interconnections between philoso...
Neuroscience of free will - Wikipedia
Emergence
In philosophy, systems theory, science, and art, emergence is a process whereby larger entities, patterns, and regularities arise through interactions among smaller or simpler entities that themselves...
Emergence - Wikipedia
Self-efficacy
Self-efficacy is the extent or strength of one's belief in one's own ability to complete tasks and reach goals. Psychologists have studied self-efficacy from several perspectives, noting various path...
Quantum indeterminacy
Quantum indeterminacy is the apparent necessary incompleteness in the description of a physical system, that has become one of the characteristics of the standard description of quantum physics.Prior...
Quantum indeterminacy - Wikipedia
Intention
Intention is a mental state that represents a commitment to carrying out an action or actions in the future. Intention involves mental activities such as planning and forethought.
Folk psychology...
Personhood
Personhood is the status of being a person. Defining personhood is a controversial topic in philosophy and law and is closely tied with legal and political concepts of citizenship, equality, and liber...
Personhood - Wikipedia
Phenomenology (philosophy)
Phenomenology (from Greek phainómenon "that which appears" and lógos "study") is the philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness. As a philosophical movement it was founded i...
Value of control
The value of control is a quantitative measure of the value of controlling the outcome of an uncertainty variable. Decision analysis provides a means for calculating the value of both perfect and impe...
'Shallow, Selfish, and Self-Absorbed' Details Why Women Aren't Having Children
As detailed in essays by 16 different writers, both male and female: because they don't want to, and because not wanting to is perfectly reasonable But there’s one issue that can make even Cool Pope F...
Problem of evil
In the philosophy of religion, the problem of evil is the question of how to reconcile the existence of evil with that of a deity who is, in either absolute or relative terms, omnipotent, omniscient, ...
Problem of evil - Wikipedia
Inchoate crimes
An inchoate offense, inchoate offence, preliminary crime, or inchoate crime is a crime of preparing for or seeking to commit another crime. The most common example of an inchoate offense is "attempt"...
Moral imperative
A moral imperative is a principle originating inside a person's mind that compels that person to act. It is a kind of categorical imperative, as defined by Immanuel Kant. Kant took the imperative to ...
North Dakota HB 1572
North Dakota's HB 1572, otherwise known as the Personhood of Children Act, was a bill in the North Dakota Legislature which aimed to "provide equality and rights to all human beings at every stage of ...
Life stance
A person's life stance, or lifestance, is their relation with what they accept as being of ultimate importance. It involves the presuppositions and theories upon which such a stance could be made, a b...
Parahuman
A parahuman or para-human is a human-animal hybrid or chimera, an entity that incorporates genetic elements from both humans and non-human animals. The term is also related to "cybrids" (cytoplasmic h...
General will
In political philosophy, the general will (French: volonté générale) is the will of the people as a whole. The term was made famous by 18th-century French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
Th...
Individuation
The principle of individuation, or principium individuationis, describes the manner in which a thing is identified as distinguished from other things.The concept appears in numerous fields and is enco...
Indeterminism
Indeterminism is the concept that events (certain events, or events of certain types) are not caused, or not caused deterministically (cf. causality) by prior events. It is the opposite of determinism...
Indeterminism - Wikipedia
Mens rea
Mens rea (/ˈmɛnz ˈriːə/; Latin for "the intending mind"), in criminal law, is viewed as one of the necessary elements of some crimes. The standard common law test of criminal liability is usually expr...
Structure and agency
In the social sciences there is a standing debate over the primacy of structure or agency in shaping human behavior. Structure is the recurrent patterned arrangements which influence or limit the choi...
Individual
An individual is a person or a specific object. Individuality (or selfhood) is the state or quality of being an individual; particularly of being a person separate from other persons and possessing hi...
Individual - Wikipedia
Self-awareness
Self-awareness is the capacity for introspection and the ability to recognize oneself as an individual separate from the environment and other individuals. It is not to be confused with consciousness....