Ghilman
Ghilman (singular Arabic: غُلاَم‎ ghulām , plural غِلْمَان ghilmān ) describes either young servants in paradise or slave-soldiers in the Abbasid, Ottoman, and Persian Safavid...
Ghilman - Wikipedia
Houri
In Islam, houris (/ˈhʊəriz, ˈhaʊəriz/; in Arabic, حورية, plural form of ḥūr, which means "gazelle-eyed") are said to be human-like, "splendid" "pure beings", created by God to serve as personal "compa...
Houri - Wikipedia
Mamluk
Mamluk (Arabic: مملوك mamlūk (singular), مماليك mamālīk (plural), meaning "property" or "owned slave" of the king, or 'white slave'; also transliterated as mamlouk, mamluq, mamluke, mameluk, mameluke,...
Mamluk - Wikipedia
Candar corps
The candar corps was the name given to palace guards in Turkish and Islamic states in the Middle Ages. Also in Persian and in some Arab states, certain soldier classes were also called candar. They we...
Simjur al-Dawati
Simjur al-Dawati was a 10th-century Turkic general who served the Samanids. He was the founder of the Simjurid family which would play an important role in the Samanid Empire.
Simjur was a ghulam ...
Simjur al-Dawati - Wikipedia
Bugha al-Sharabi
Bugha al-Sharabi ("the Cupbearer"), also known as Bugha al-Saghir ("the Younger") to distinguish him from his unrelated contemporary Bugha the Elder, was a senior Turkish military leader in the mid-9t...
Al-Afdal Shahanshah
al-Malik al-Afdal ibn Badr al-Jamali Shahanshah (Arabic: الأفضل شاهنشاه بن بدر الجمالي‎) also Latin: Lavendalius/Elafdalio (1066 – December 11, 1121) was a vizier of the Fatimid caliphs ...
Ghaznavids
CEThe Ghaznavid dynasty (Persian: غزنویان‎) was a Persianate Muslim dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin at their greatest extent ruling large parts of Persia, much of Transoxania, and the ...
Ghaznavids - Wikipedia
Lu'lu' al-Kabir
Abu Muhammad Lu'lu', surnamed al-Kabir ("the Elder") and al-Jarrahi al-Sayfi ("[servant] of the Jarrahids and Sayf al-Dawla"), was a military slave (ghulam) of the Hamdanid Emirate of Aleppo. Under t...
Amin Khan
Amin Khan was the Governor of Bengal in 1272.
In 1272, Amin Khan was appointed as the Governor of Bengal by Sultan Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq. Besides, Tughral Tughan Khan, a former Governor of Bengal, w...
Mamluk architecture
Mamluk architecture was a flowering of Islamic art during the reign of the Mamluks (1250–1517 AD) which is most visible in medieval Cairo. Religious zeal made them generous patrons of architecture and...
Mamluk architecture - Wikipedia
Ikhtiyar al-Din Ai-Taq
Ikhtiyar al-Din Ai-Taq was an influential amir in western Khurasan following the decline of the Seljuks, and the ruler of Gurgan and Dihistan from 1161 until 1165.
Ai-Taq had originally been one o...
Ashinas
Abu Ja'far Ashinas (Arabic أبو جعفر أشناس) was a general of the Abbasid caliph al-Mu'tasim, possibly of the sacred clan of the First Turkic empire, transcribed in Chinese as Ashina 阿史那. While a folk e...
Bakjur
Bakjur was a Circassian military slave (mamluk or ghulam) who served the Hamdanids of Aleppo and later the Fatimids of Egypt. He seized control of Aleppo in 975 and governed it until 977, when the rig...
Badr al-Mu'tadidi
Abu'l-Najm Badr al-Mu'tadidi was the chief military commander of the Abbasid Caliphate during the reign of Caliph al-Mu'tadid (892–902). Originally a military slave (ghulam or mawla) who served under ...
Badr al-Mu'tadidi - Wikipedia
Daud Khan Undiladze
Daud-Khan or Dāvūd b. Allāhverdī (Persian: داوود خان) an Safavid Iranian military commander and politician of Georgian origin who served as governor (beglarbeg) of Ganja and Karabakh from 1625 to 1630...
Daud Khan Undiladze - Wikipedia
Bugha al-Kabir
Bugha al-Kabir or Bugha the Elder, also known as Bugha al-Turki ("Bugha the Turk"), was a 9th-century Turkic general who served the Abbasids. He was of Turkic origin, and acquired along with his sons ...
Itakh
Itakh al-Khazari (Arabic إيتاخ الخزري) was a leading commander in the Turkish army of the Abbasid caliph al-Mu'tasim (r. 833-842 C.E.). As the nisba in his name suggests, he was a Khazar by origin, an...
Manjutakin
Manjutakin (Turkish: Mencu Tekin) was a military slave (ghulam) of the Fatimid Caliph al-Aziz (r. 975–996). Of Turkic origin, he became one of the leading Fatimid generals under al-Aziz, fighting ...
Al-Basasiri
Basasiri (died 1059) was a Turkish slave who rose to become a general in Iraq, and staged a revolt against the Seljuks.Basasiri had been a favorite of the Buwayhid amir al-Malik al-Rahim. When the Buw...
Ibrahim Bey (Mamluk)
Ibrahim Bey (1735 – 1816/1817) was a Mamluk chieftain and regent of Egypt.While some Georgian historians claim Ibrahim Bey was born as Abram Sinjikashvili (აბრამ სინჯიკაშვილი) into the family of...
Ibrahim Bey (Mamluk) - Wikipedia
Simjurids
The Simjurids were a Turkic family that served the Samanid emirs (also transliterated as amirs, aamirs or ameers) of Bukhara in the 10th century. They played an influential role in the history of east...
Subuk
Subuk (died 922?) was a ghulam who gained the governorship of Azerbaijan in 919 and held it for three years.In 919, Subuk's master, the Sajid Yusuf Ibn Abu'l-Saj, was captured by forces of the caliph,...
Allahverdi Khan
Allahverdi Khan (Persian: اللّه وردی خان‎, Georgian: ალავერდი-ხანი) (ca. 1560 – June 3, 1613) was an Iranian general and statesman of Georgian origin who, initially a ghulām ("military slav...
Bajkam
Abū al-Husayn Bajkam al-Mākānī (Arabic: أبو الحسين بجكم المكاني‎), referred to as Bajkam, Badjkam or Bachkam (from Bäčkäm, a Persian and Turkish word meaning a horse- or yak-tail), was a Tur...
Bajkam - Wikipedia
Dawla al-Turkiyya
The Mamluk Sultanate (Turkish: Memlük Sultanlığı, Arabic: سلطنة المماليك‎ Sulṭanat al-Mamālīk) was a medieval realm spanning Egypt, the Levant, and Hejaz. It lasted from the overthrow of...
Tughral Tughan Khan
Tughral Tughan Khan (also known as Mughisuddin Tughral) ruled Bengal during 1236-1246 CE and again during 1272-1281 CE. He was also a governor of Bihar and Oudh.
He was a Kara-Khitai Turk and was...
History of Ottoman Egypt
Egypt was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1517, following the Ottoman–Mamluk War (1516–1517) and the absorption of Syria into the Empire in 1516. Egypt was administered as an eyalet of ...
History of Ottoman Egypt - Wikipedia