Greek War of Independence
The Greek War of Independence, also known as the Greek Revolution (Greek: Ελληνική Επανάσταση, Elliniki Epanastasi; Ottoman: يونان عصياني Yunan İsyanı "Greek Uprising"), was a successful war of in...
Greek War of Independence - Wikipedia
Background of the Greek War of Independence
The Fall of Constantinople in 1453 and the subsequent fall of the successor states of the Eastern Roman Empire marked the end of Byzantine sovereignty. Since then, the Ottoman Empire ruled the Balkans...
Background of the Greek War of Independence - Wikipedia
Ottoman Greece
Most of the territories today within modern Greece's borders were at least once part of the Ottoman Empire from the mid-15th century until its declaration of independence in 1821, a historical period ...
Ottoman Greece - Wikipedia
Modern Greek Enlightenment
The Modern Greek Enlightenment (Greek: Διαφωτισμός, Diafotismos, "enlightenment," "illumination") was the Greek expression of the Age of Enlightenment.
The Greek Enlightenment was given impetu...
Modern Greek Enlightenment - Wikipedia
Filiki Eteria
Filiki Eteria or Society of Friends (Greek: Φιλική Εταιρεία or Εταιρεία των Φιλικών) was a secret 19th-century organization whose purpose was to overthrow the Ottoman rule of Greece and establish ...
Filiki Eteria - Wikipedia
Philhellenism
Philhellenism ("the love of Greek culture") and Philhellene ("the admirer of Greeks and everything Greek"), from the Greek φίλος philos "friend, lover" and ἑλληνισμός hellenism "Greek", was an intelle...
Philhellenism - Wikipedia
First National Assembly at Epidaurus
The First National Assembly of Epidaurus (Greek: Α' Εθνοσυνέλευση της Επιδαύρου, 1821–1822) was the first meeting of the Greek National Assembly, a national representative political gathering of t...
First National Assembly at Epidaurus - Wikipedia
Greek civil wars of 1824-1825
The Greek War of Independence was marked by two civil wars, which took place in 1824–1825. The conflict had both political and regional dimensions, as it pitted the Roumeliotes (the people of Co...
Greek civil wars of 1824-1825 - Wikipedia
Third Siege of Missolonghi
The Third Siege of Missolonghi (Greek: Τρίτη Πολιορκία του Μεσσολογίου, often erroneously referred to as the Second Siege) was fought in the Greek War of Independence, between the Ottoman Empire a...
Third Siege of Missolonghi - Wikipedia
Ottoman-Egyptian Invasion of Mani
The Ottoman–Egyptian Invasion of Mani was a campaign during the Greek War of Independence that consisted of three battles. The Maniots fought against a combined Egyptian and Ottoman army under the com...
Ottoman-Egyptian Invasion of Mani - Wikipedia
Battle of Navarino
The naval Battle of Navarino was fought on 20 October 1827, during the Greek War of Independence (1821–32), in Navarino Bay (modern-day Pylos), on the west coast of the Peloponnese peninsula, in the ...
Battle of Navarino - Wikipedia
Eastern Question
The "Eastern Question", in European history, encompasses the diplomatic and political problems posed by the "Sick man of Europe" (the Ottoman Empire), as it steadily weakened decade after decade. Thi...
Eastern Question - Wikipedia
Massacres during the Greek Revolution
There were numerous massacres during the Greek War of Independence perpetrated by both the Ottoman forces and the Greek revolutionaries. The war was characterized by a lack of respect for civilian lif...
Massacres during the Greek Revolution - Wikipedia
First Siege of Missolonghi
The First Siege of Missolonghi was an attempt by Ottoman forces to capture the strategically located port town of Missolonghi during the early stages of the Greek War of Independence.
After Battl...
First Siege of Missolonghi - Wikipedia
Kasos massacre
The Kasos massacre was the massacre of Greek civilians during the Greek War of Independence by Ottoman forces.On 7 June 1824, Mehmet Ali's men landed on Kasos and killed around 7,000 inhabitants. Repr...
Kasos massacre - Wikipedia
Anglo-Turkish War (1807-1809)
The Anglo-Turkish War of 1807–1809 took place as a part of the Napoleonic Wars.In the summer of 1806, during the War of the Third Coalition (of Britain, Russia, Prussia, Sweden), Napoleon's ambassador...
Frankokratia
The Frankokratia (Greek: Φραγκοκρατία, lit. "Francocracy", "rule of the Franks"), also known as Latinokratia (Greek: Λατινοκρατία, "rule of the Latins") and for the Venetian domains Venetocrac...
Frankokratia - Wikipedia
Crimean War
The Crimean War, also known in Russian historiography as the Eastern War of 1853–1856 (October 1853 – February 1856), was a conflict in which Russia lost to an alliance of France, Britain, the Ottoman...
Crimean War - Wikipedia
Russo-Turkish War (1828-1829)
The Russo-Turkish War of 1828–1829 was sparked by the Greek War of Independence. The war broke out after the Sultan closed the Dardanelles to Russian ships and revoked the Akkerman Convention in reta...
Russo-Turkish War (1828-1829) - Wikipedia
April Uprising
The April Uprising (Bulgarian: Априлско въстание, Aprilsko vastanie) was an insurrection organised by the Bulgarians in the Ottoman Empire from April to May 1876, which indirectly resulted in the ...
April Uprising - Wikipedia
Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812)
The Russo-Turkish War (1806–1812) was one of many wars fought between Imperial Russia and the Ottoman Empire.
The war broke out in 1805–1806 against the background of the Napoleonic Wars. In...
Revolutions of 1848
The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, Springtime of the Peoples or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848. It remai...
Revolutions of 1848 - Wikipedia
The Auspicious Incident
The Auspicious Incident (or Event) (Turkish: (in Istanbul) Vaka-i Hayriye "Fortunate Event"; (in Balkans) Vaka-i Şerriyye, "Unfortunate Incident") was the forced disbandment of the centuries-old Janis...
The Auspicious Incident - Wikipedia
Muhammad Ali of Egypt
Muhammad Ali Pasha al-Mas'ud ibn Agha (Ottoman Turkish: محمد علی پاشا المسعود بن آغا; Arabic: محمد علي باشا‎ / ALA-LC: Muḥammad ‘Alī Bāshā; Albanian: Mehmet Ali Pasha; Turkish: Kavalalı ...
Muhammad Ali of Egypt - Wikipedia
Navarino Massacre
The Navarino massacre was one of a series of massacres that occurred following the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence, which resulted in the extermination of the Turkish civilian population pre...
Klepht
Klephts (Greek: κλέφτης, pl. κλέφτες - kleftis, kleftes, which means "thief" - and maybe originally meant just "brigand") were highwaymen turned self-appointed armatoloi, anti-Ottoman insurgents, and ...
Klepht - Wikipedia
Greek folk music
Greek folk music includes a variety of Greek styles played by ethnic Greeks in Greece, Cyprus, Australia, the United States and elsewhere. Apart from the common music found all-around Greece, there ar...
Bosnian crisis
The Bosnian crisis of 1908–09, also known as the Annexation crisis or the First Balkan Crisis, erupted when, on 6 October 1908, Austria-Hungary announced the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, terr...
Bosnian crisis - Wikipedia
Armatoloi
Armatoloi (pronounced ar-ma-to-LEE; Greek plural Αρματολοί; singular Armatolos, Αρματολός; also called Armatoles in English) were Christian Greek irregular soldiers, or militia, commissioned by the Ot...
Armatoloi - Wikipedia
Destruction of Psara
The Destruction of Psara was an event in which the Ottomans destroyed the civilian population of the Greek island of Psara on July 5, 1824. According to George Finlay, the entire population of the isl...
Destruction of Psara - Wikipedia