Hasmoneans
The Hasmonean dynasty (/ˌhæzməˈniːən/ ; Hebrew: חשמונאים‎, Ḥashmona'im) was the ruling dynasty of Judea and surrounding regions during Classical antiquity. Between c. 140 BC and c. ...
Hasmoneans - Wikipedia
Maccabees
The Maccabees, also spelled Machabees (Hebrew: מכבים or מקבים‎, Maqabim; Latin: Machabi or Machado; Greek: Μακκαβαῖοι, Makkabaioi), were the leaders of a Jewish rebel army that took cont...
Maccabees - Wikipedia
Aristobulus II
Aristobulus II was the Jewish High Priest and King of Judea, 66 BC to 63 BC, from the Hasmonean Dynasty.
Aristobulus was the younger son of Alexander Jannaeus, King and High Priest, and Alexandra ...
Aristobulus II - Wikipedia
Mattathias
Mattathias ben Johanan (Hebrew: מַתִּתְיָהוּ בֶּן יוֹחָנָן הַכֹּהֵן, Matityahu ben Yoḥanan HaKohen) (died 165 BC) was a Jewish priest whose role in the Jewish revolt against the Syrian Greeks is rela...
Mattathias - Wikipedia
John Hyrcanus
John Hyrcanus (Yohanan Girhan; Yohanan Hyrcanus – יוחנן הורקנוס, Ιωάννης Υρκανός) was a Hasmonean (Maccabeean) leader of the 2nd century BCE (born 164, reigned from 134 until his death in 104 BCE).
John Hyrcanus - Wikipedia
Aristobulus I
Judah Aristobulus I (from Greek Ἀριστόβουλος, meaning "best advising"; reigned c. 104 – 103 BC), was the first ruler of the Hasmonean Dynasty to declare himself "king," and was the eldest of the five ...
Aristobulus I - Wikipedia
Against Apion
Against Apion (Greek: Φλαΐου Ἰωσήπου περὶ ἀρχαιότητος Ἰουδαίων λόγος α and Φλαΐου Ἰωσήπου περὶ ἀρχαιότητος ἀντιρρητικὸς λόγος β; Latin Contra Apionem or In Apionem) was a polemical work written by...
Megillat Antiochus
Megillat Antiochus (Hebrew: מגילת אנטיוכוס‎ - "The Scroll of Antiochus"; also "Megillat Ha-Ḥashmonaim", "Megillat Hanukkah", or "Megillat Yevanit") recounts the story of Hanukkah and the history...
Megillat Antiochus - Wikipedia
Matthias (brother of Josephus)
Matthias (Greek: Ματθίας, flourished 1st century) was an ethnic Jew living in Jerusalem.Matthias came from a wealthy, aristocratic family and through his father he descended from the priestly orde...
Hanukkah Harry
Hanukkah Harry is a fictional character on Saturday Night Live played by Jon Lovitz. Hanukkah Harry It is also the title of a children's picture book. This article pertains strictly to the SNL charact...
Hyrcanus II
Hyrcanus II, a member of the Hasmonean dynasty, was the Jewish High Priest and King of Judea in the 1st century BC.
Hyrcanus was the eldest son of Alexander Jannaeus, King and High Priest, and Ale...
Hyrcanus II - Wikipedia
Timotheus (Ammon)
Timotheus is the name given in the 1 Maccabees for an Ammonite general of the mid 2nd century BCE. He was defeated by Judas Maccabeus at Dathema in Gilead.Some scholars maintain that Ammon had ceased ...
Maccabean Revolt
The Maccabean Revolt was a conflict, lasting from 167 to 160 BC, between a Judean rebel group known as the Maccabees and the Seleucid Empire. In the narrative of I Maccabees, after Antiochus issued hi...
Maccabean Revolt - Wikipedia
Flavius Hyrcanus
Titus Flavius Hyrcanus (Greek: Τίτος Φλάβιος Ὑκρανός, flourished second half of the 1st century & first half of the 2nd century, born 73) was an aristocratic, wealthy Roman Jew. Hyrcanus was ...
Flavius Hyrcanus - Wikipedia
Hellenistic Judaism
Hellenistic Judaism was a form of Judaism in the ancient world that combined Jewish religious tradition with elements of Greek culture. Until the fall of the Roman Empire and the Muslim conquests of t...
Hellenistic Judaism - Wikipedia
Siege of Jerusalem (63 BC)
The Siege of Jerusalem (63 BC) occurred during Pompey the Great's campaigns in the east, shortly after his successful conclusion of the Third Mithridatic War. Pompey had been asked to intervene in an ...
Antiquities of the Jews
Antiquities of the Jews (Greek: Ἰουδαϊκὴ ἀρχαιολογία, Ioudaikē archaiologia; Latin: Antiquitates Judaicae), also Judean Antiquities (see Ioudaios) is a twenty-volume historiographical work com...
Antiquities of the Jews - Wikipedia
Alexandra the Maccabee
Alexandra the Maccabee (died ca. 28 BC) was the daughter of Hyrcanus II (died 30 BC), who was the son of Alexander Jannaeus. She married her cousin Alexander of Judaea (died 48 BC), who was the son of...
List of Judean rulers
A list of Hasmonean leaders, kings, queens, and high priests beginning with Mattathias, with the dates of their individual rule:
1. Mattathias, 170 BC – 167 BC2. Judas Maccabeus, 167 BC R...
List of Judean rulers - Wikipedia
Development of the Old Testament canon
The Old Testament is the first section of the two-part Christian Biblical canon, which includes the books of the Hebrew Bible or protocanon and in some Christian denominations also includes several De...
Development of the Old Testament canon - Wikipedia
Hanukkah bush
A Hanukkah bush is a bush or tree—real or simulated—that some North American Jewish families display in their homes for the duration of Hanukkah. It may, for all intents and purposes, be a Christmas t...
Hanukkah bush - Wikipedia
Siege of Jerusalem (37 BC)
Herod the Great's Siege of Jerusalem (37 BC) was the final step in his campaign to secure the throne of Judea. Aided by Roman forces provided by Marcus Antonius (Mark Antony), Herod was able to captur...
Siege of Jerusalem (37 BC) - Wikipedia
Herodian kingdom
The Herodian kingdom of Israel was a client state of the Roman Republic from 37 BCE, when Herod the Great was appointed "King of the Jews" by the Roman Senate. When Herod died in 4 BCE, the kingdom wa...
Herodian kingdom - Wikipedia
Hasmonean Kingdom
The Hasmonean dynasty (/ˌhæzməˈniːən/ ; Hebrew: חשמונאים‎, Ḥashmona'im) was the ruling dynasty of Judea and surrounding regions during Classical antiquity. Between c. 140 BC and c. ...
Hasmonean Kingdom - Wikipedia
Matthias Ephlias
Matthias Ephlias (Greek: Ματθίας ό Ήφλίον, Ήφλίον Ephlias was his Greek epithet, flourished second half of the 2nd century BC and the first half of the 1st century BC) was an ethnic Jew living in ...
Simon Thassi
Simon Maccabeus also referred to as Simon Thassi (died 135 BCE) was the second son of Mattathias and thus a member of the Hasmonean family. The name "Thassi" has an uncertain meaning ("the Director", ...
Simon Thassi - Wikipedia
2 Maccabees
2 Maccabees is a deuterocanonical book which focuses on the Jews' revolt against Antiochus IV Epiphanes and concludes with the defeat of the Syrian general Nicanor in 161 BC by Judas Maccabeus, the he...
Judas Maccabeus
Judah Maccabee (or Judas Maccabeus, also spelled Machabeus, or Maccabaeus, Hebrew: יהודה המכבי, Y'hudhah HaMakabi) was a Kohen and a son of the Jewish priest Mattathias. He led the Maccabean revolt ag...
Judas Maccabeus - Wikipedia