Pre-Reptile May Be Earliest Known To Walk Upright On All Fours
Wandering an arid region of the ancient supercontinent of Pangea about 260-million years ago, the pre-reptile Bunostegos akokanensis is the oldest known creature to have walked upright on all fours, ...
Expanding Earth and Pangaea Theory
Is the Earth Expanding, Or drifting apart as held by the Pangaea Theory?Neal Adams proposes that there was a Pangaea super-continent in the past, but that ...
Expanding Earth and Pangaea Theory
Is the Earth Expanding, Or drifting apart as held by the Pangaea Theory?Neal Adams proposes that there was a Pangaea super-continent in the past, but that ...
Zealandia (continent)
170°E / 40°S 170°E / -40; 170Zealandia /ziːˈlændiə/, also known as Tasmantis or the New Zealand continent, is a nearly submerged continental fragment that sank after breaking ...
Zealandia (continent) - Wikipedia
Pre-Reptile May Be Earliest Known To Walk Upright On All Fours
Wandering an arid region of the ancient supercontinent of Pangea about 260-million years ago, the pre-reptile Bunostegos akokanensis is the oldest known creature to have walked upright on all fours, ...
Cimmeria (continent)
Cimmeria was an ancient microcontinent that existed about 200 million years ago. It rifted north from Gondwana during the Late Carboniferous and collided against eastern Laurasia (the Siberian contine...
Cimmeria (continent) - Wikipedia
Iberian plate
The microcontinent Iberia encompassed not only the Iberian Peninsula but also Corsica, Sardinia, the Balearic Islands, and the Briançonnais zone of the Penninic nappes of the Alps. Nowadays, the Iber...
Iberian plate - Wikipedia
Chilenia
Chilenia was an ancient microcontinent or terrane whose history affected many of the older rocks of central Chile and western Argentina. It was once separated by oceanic crust from the Cuyania terrane...
Supercontinent
In geology, a supercontinent is the assembly of most or all of the Earth's continental blocks or cratons to form a single large landmass. However, the definition of a supercontinent can be ambiguous....
Supercontinent - Wikipedia
Kenorland
Kenorland was one of the earliest supercontinents on Earth. It is believed to have formed during the Neoarchaean Era ~2.7 billion years ago (2.7 Ga) by the accretion of Neoarchaean cratons and the for...
Challenger Plateau
The Challenger Plateau is a large submarine plateau west of New Zealand and south of the Lord Howe Rise. It has an approximate diameter of 500 km (310 mi) and an area of about 280,000 k...
Macquarie Fault Zone
The Macquarie Fault Zone is a major right lateral-moving transform fault along the seafloor of the south Pacific Ocean which runs from New Zealand southwestward to the Macquarie Triple Junction. It i...
Macquarie Fault Zone - Wikipedia
Kalahari craton
The Kalahari Craton is a craton, an old and stable part of the continental lithosphere that occupies a large portion of South Africa and consists of the Kaapvaal, the Zimbabwe Craton, the Limpopo Belt...
Columbia (supercontinent)
Columbia, also known as Nuna and Hudsonland, was one of Earth's ancient supercontinents. It was first proposed by J.J.W. Rogers and M. Santosh (2002) and is thought to have existed approximately 2.5 t...
Campbell Plateau
The Campbell Plateau is a large submarine plateau to the south of New Zealand and the Chatham Rise. It originated in the Gondwanan breakup and is part of Zealandia, a largely submerged continent. The ...
Kerguelen Plateau
The Kerguelen Plateau (/ˈkɜrɡələn/, /kərˈɡeɪlən/) is an underwater volcanic large igneous province (LIP) and also a microcontinent and submerged continent in the southern Indian Ocean. It lies about 3...
Kerguelen Plateau - Wikipedia
Vaalbara
Vaalbara is the Earth's theorized first supercontinent. It was a complete supercontinent by 3,100 million years ago. Vaalbara formed possibly beginning 3,600 million years ago and was broken apart by ...
South China (continent)
South China continent, also known as South China Craton, South Chinese Craton, or Yangtze Craton, was an ancient continent (craton) that contained today's South and Southeast China (named after), Indo...
South China (continent) - Wikipedia
Laurasia
Laurasia (/lɔːˈreɪʒə/ or /lɔːˈreɪʃiə/) was the northernmost of two supercontinents (the other being Gondwana) that formed part of the Pangaea supercontinent around 300 to 200 million years a...
Laurasia - Wikipedia
Eurasia
Eurasia is the combined continental landmass of Europe and Asia, with the term being a portmanteau of its two constituents. Located primarily in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres, it is bordered by...
Eurasia - Wikipedia
List of supercontinents
This is a list of supercontinents. The list is written in reverse-chronological order (stratolithic order) comprising nearly all land at the time.
Laurentia
Laurentia (North American Craton) is a large continental craton, which forms the ancient geological core of the North American continent. Many times in its past, Laurentia has been a separate continen...
Americas
The Americas, or America, also known as the New World, are the combined continental landmasses of North America and South America, in the Western Hemisphere. Along with their associated islands, they ...
Americas - Wikipedia
Chatham Rise
The Chatham Rise is an area of ocean floor to the east of New Zealand, forming part of the Zealandia continent. It stretches for some 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) from near the South Island in the w...
Chatham Rise - Wikipedia
Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island (/ˈnɔrfək ˈaɪlənd/; Norfuk: Norf'k Ailen) is a small island in the Pacific Ocean located between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia, 1,412 ki...
Norfolk Island - Wikipedia
Baltica
Baltica was a late-Proterozoic, early-Palaeozoic continent that now includes the East European craton of northwestern Eurasia. Baltica was created as an entity not earlier than 1.8 billion years ago. ...
Baltica - Wikipedia
North China craton
The North China Craton is one of the smaller continental cratons of the Earth. It covers a total area of around 1.7 million square kilometres (655,500 square miles) in the northeast of China, most of ...
North China craton - Wikipedia
Geology of New Zealand
The geology of New Zealand is noted for its volcanic activity, earthquakes and geothermal areas because of its position on the boundary of the Australian Plate and Pacific Plates.New Zealand was earli...