History of Iraq
Iraq, known in classical antiquity as Mesopotamia, was home to the oldest civilizations in the world, with a cultural history of over 10,000 years, hence its common epithet, the Cradle of Civilization...
History of Iraq - Wikipedia
Saddam Hussein's Very Public Purge
Shortly after assuming the Presidency of Iraq in July 1979, Saddam Hussein convened a gathering of his Ba'ath Party leaders and publicly had 68 of them removed for alleged treason. Twenty-two of them...
Ancient Babylonians Geometrically Traced The Path of Jupiter
For millenia upon millenia, humans knew that certain objects in the sky moved while other stars stood still. These are the objects we now know as planets. But precise calculations on their movements r...
The Newly Discovered Tablet V Of The Epic Of Gilgamesh
After the US-led invasion of Iraq and the dramatic looting of Iraqi and other museums, the Sulaymaniyah Museum (directed by the council of ministers of Iraqi Kurdistan) started an initiative. They pai...
Cataphracts: Armored Warriors and their Horses of War
By the 7th and 8th centuries B.C., the role of the chariot in battle was gradually being replaced by cavalry units in the Near East. Some were armed lightly and were used to harass the enemy from afar...
The Rise and Fall of Sumer and Akkad
The Sumerians were the first known people to settle in Mesopotamia over 7,000 years ago. Located in the southernmost part of Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (modern day Iraq), Sum...
IS 'bulldozed' ancient Assyrian city of Nimrud, Iraq says
The Islamic State group have begun bulldozing the ancient Assyrian city of Nimrud in Iraq, the government said, in the jihadists' latest attack on the countr...
Gateway to the Heavens: The Assyrian Account to the Tower of Babel
The story of the construction of a tower in Babel, which resulted in the confounding of language has also confounded modern scholars. The Book of Genesis tells of a time in which all of the world&rsqu
Isis fighters destroy ancient artefacts at Mosul museum
Footage shows Islamic State militants in Iraq smashing statues with sledgehammers in bid to crush what they call non-Islamic ideas
Ancient Near East
The ancient Near East was the home of early civilizations within a region roughly corresponding to the modern Middle East: Mesopotamia (modern Iraq, southeast Turkey, southwest Iran, northeastern Syri...
Ancient Near East - Wikipedia
Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia (/ˌmɛsəpəˈteɪmiə/, from the Ancient Greek: Μεσοποταμία "[land] between rivers"; Arabic: بلاد الرافدين‎ (bilād al-rāfidayn); Syriac: ܒܝܬ ܢܗܪܝܢ (Beth Nahrain) "land of riv...
Mesopotamia - Wikipedia
Sumer
Sumer (/ˈsuːmər/), or Sumeria, was one of the ancient civilizations and historical regions in southern Mesopotamia, modern-day southern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age. Although th...
Sumer - Wikipedia
Akkadian Empire
44°6′E / 33.100°N 44.100°E / 33.100; 44.100 The Akkadian Empire /əˈkeɪdiən/ was an ancient Semitic empire centered in the city of Akkad /ˈækæd/ and its surrounding reg...
Akkadian Empire - Wikipedia
Babylonia
Babylonia (/ˌbæbəˈloʊniə/) was an ancient Akkadian-speaking Semitic state and cultural region based in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq). A small Amorite-ruled state emerged in 1894 BC, ...
Babylonia - Wikipedia
Assyria
Assyria was a major Mesopotamian East Semitic kingdom, and empire, of the Ancient Near East, existing as an independent state for a period of approximately nineteen centuries from c. 2500 BC to 605 BC...
Assyria - Wikipedia
Battle of Nineveh (612 BC)
The Battle of Nineveh is conventionally dated between 613 to 611 BC, with 612 BC being the most supported date. An allied army composed of Medes and Persians, rebelling Chaldeans and Babylonians, toge...
Achaemenid Empire
The Persian Empire is any of a series of imperial dynasties centered in Persia (now Iran) with boundaries that fluctuated around that core, extending far into regions that would later become Pakistan,...
Achaemenid Empire - Wikipedia
Achaemenid Assyria
Athura (Neo-Aramaic for Assyria) was a geographical area within the Persian Achaemenid Empire held by the last nobility of Aššur (Akkadian), known as Athura (Neo-Aramaic) or Atouria (Greek), during th...
Achaemenid Assyria - Wikipedia
Seleucid Empire
CEThe Seleucid Empire (/sɪˈlʲuːsɪd/), was a Hellenistic state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty founded by Seleucus I Nicator following the division of the empire created by Alexander the Great. Seleucus...
Seleucid Empire - Wikipedia
Parthian Empire
The Parthian Empire (/ˈpɑrθiən/; 247 BC – 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire /ˈɑrsəsɪd/, was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran. Its latter name comes from A...
Parthian Empire - Wikipedia
Muslim conquest of Iraq
The Muslim conquest of Persia, also known as the Arab conquest of Iran led to the end of the Sasanian Empire in 651 and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran. Arabs first attacked t...
Muslim conquest of Iraq - Wikipedia
Abbasid Caliphate
The Abbasid Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة العباسية‎ al-Khilāfah al-‘Abbāsīyah), was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The Abbasid dynasty descended fr...
Siege of Baghdad (1258)
The Siege of Baghdad, which lasted from January 29 until February 10, 1258, entailed the investment, capture, and sacking of Baghdad, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate, by Ilkhanate Mongol forces a...
Siege of Baghdad (1258) - Wikipedia
Kara Koyunlu
The Kara Koyunlu or Qara Qoyunlu, also called the Black Sheep Turkomans (Persian: Qara Qoyunlu, قرا قویونلو), were a Shia Oghuz Turkic tribal federation that ruled over the territory comprising the pr...
Kara Koyunlu - Wikipedia
Ak Koyunlu
The Ağ Qoyunlu or Ak Koyunlu, also called the White Sheep Turkomans (Turkish: Akkoyunlular, Azerbaijani: Ağqoyunlu, Turkmen: Akgoýunly, Persian: آق قویونلو or آغ قویونلو), was a Sunni Oghu...
Ak Koyunlu - Wikipedia
Ottoman rule
The Ottoman Empire (/ˈɒtəmən/; Ottoman Turkish: دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه, Devlet-i Aliyye-i Osmâniyye, Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically refer...
Ottoman rule - Wikipedia
20th century history of Iraq
After World War I, Iraq passed from the failing Ottoman Empire to British control. Britain established the Kingdom of Iraq in 1932. In the 14 July Revolution of 1958, the king was deposed and the Repu...
20th century history of Iraq - Wikipedia
British Mandate of Mesopotamia
The British Mandate for Mesopotamia (Arabic: الانتداب البريطاني على العراق‎) was a Mandate proposed to be entrusted Britain at the San Remo, Italy-based conference, in accordance with the Sy...
Kingdom of Iraq
The Kingdom of Iraq (Arabic: المملكة العراقية‎ al-Mamlakah al-‘Irāqiyyah) was founded on 23 August 1921 under British administration following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in th...
Kingdom of Iraq - Wikipedia
Iran-Iraq War
The Iran–Iraq War, also known as the First Persian Gulf War, was an armed conflict between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Iraq lasting from September 1980 to August 1988, making it t...
Iran-Iraq War - Wikipedia