History of Muslim Egypt
During the initial Islamic invasion in 639 AD, Egypt was ruled at first by governors acting in the name of the Righteous Caliphs, and then the Ummayad Caliphs in Damascus but, in 747, the Ummayads we...
History of Muslim Egypt - Wikipedia
'Priceless' trove of 2,000 gold coins is found off the coast of Israel 
The largest treasure trove ever discovered off Israel's Mediterranean coast has been uncovered by scuba divers who won't get a penny.
Islamic conquest of Egypt
At the commencement of the Muslim conquest of Egypt, Egypt was part of the Byzantine/Eastern Roman Empire, which had its capital at Constantinople. Egypt had been conquered just a decade before by the...
Islamic conquest of Egypt - Wikipedia
Fatimid Caliphate
The Fatimid Caliphate (Arabic: الفاطميون‎, al-Fāṭimīyūn) was a Shia Islamic caliphate, which spanned a large area of North Africa, from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean...
Fatimid Caliphate - Wikipedia
Ayyubid dynasty
The Ayyubid dynasty (Kurdish: دووگەلی ئەییووبی Dûgela Eyûbîyan; Arabic: الأيوبيون‎ al-Ayyūbīyūn; Turkish: Eyyûbîler) was a Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin, founded by Salad...
Ayyubid dynasty - Wikipedia
Mamluk Egypt
The Mamluk Sultanate (Turkish: Memlük Sultanlığı, Arabic: سلطنة المماليك‎ Sulṭanat al-Mamālīk) was a medieval realm spanning Egypt, the Levant, and Hejaz. It lasted from the overthrow of...
Mamluk Egypt - Wikipedia
Bahri dynasty
The Bahri dynasty or Bahriyya Mamluks (Turkish: Bahri Hanedanı, al-Mamalik al-Bahariyya - المماليك البحرية) was a Mamluk dynasty of mostly Cuman-Kipchak Turkic origin that ruled the Egyptian Mamluk Su...
Bahri dynasty - Wikipedia
Burji dynasty
The Burji dynasty (Arabic: المماليك البرجية‎) was a Circassian Mamluk dynasty which ruled Egypt from 1382 until 1517, during the Mamluk Sultanate. It proved especially turbulent, with short-...
Burji dynasty - Wikipedia
'Priceless' trove of 2,000 gold coins is found off the coast of Israel 
The largest treasure trove ever discovered off Israel's Mediterranean coast has been uncovered by scuba divers who won't get a penny.
Battle of Ramla (1102)
The second Battle of Ramla (or Ramleh) took place on 17 May 1102 between the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Fatimids of Egypt.
The town of Ramla lay on the road from Jerusalem to Ascalon, t...
Battle of Ramla (1102) - Wikipedia
Al-Faiz
Abu'l-Qasim Isa ibn az-Zafir (Arabic: أبو القاسم عيسى بن الظافر‎; 1149–1160), better known by his regnal name al-Fa'iz bi-Nasr Allah (الفائز بنصر الله), was the thirteenth and penultimate Ca...
Saladin in Egypt
While Saladin is most famous for his wars with the Crusader States the beginning of his military career was under his uncle Shirkuh on behalf of Nur al-Din in Egypt. His time in Egypt gave him the mi...
Saladin in Egypt - Wikipedia
Battle of Hattin
The Battle of Hattin (also known as the Battle of the Horns of Hattin because of a nearby extinct volcano of the same name) took place on July 3 and 4, 1187, between the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem ...
Battle of Hattin - Wikipedia
Battle of La Forbie
The Battle of La Forbie, also known as the Battle of Harbiyah, was fought October 17, 1244 – October 18, 1244 between the allied armies (drawn from the Kingdom of Jerusalem, the crusading orders...
Dayfa Khatun
Dayfa Khatun (Arabic: ضيفة خاتون‎) was the regent ruler of Aleppo from 1237 to 1244 during the reign of her grandson an-Nasir Yusuf. She achieved an unprecedented measure of autonomous polit...
Bnot Ya'akov Bridge
The Daughters of Jacob Bridge (Hebrew: גשר בנות יעקב‎, Gesher Bnot Ya'akov; Arabic: جسر بنات يعقوب‎, Jisr Banât Ya'qūb, lit. Crossing of Jacob's Daughters) is a bridge across the Jorda...
Bnot Ya'akov Bridge - Wikipedia
Al-Hakim Mosque
Al-Jam`e Al-Anwar (Arabic: الجامع الانور‎, Anwar Mosque, literally:The Enlightened Mosque) also Al-Hakim Mosque is a major Islamic religious site in Cairo, Egypt. It is named after Imam Al-H...
Al-Hakim Mosque - Wikipedia
Shirkuh
Asad ad-Dīn Shīrkūh bin Shādhī (in Arabic: أسد الدين شيركوه بن شاذي‎), also known as Shirkuh, Shêrkoh, or Shêrko (meaning "lion of the mountains" in Kurdish) (died 22 February 1169) was a Ku...
List of Ayyubid rulers
The Ayyubid dynasty ruled many parts of the Middle East and North Africa in the 12th and 13th centuries. The following is a list of Ayyubid rulers by province.
List of Ayyubid rulers - Wikipedia
Gawhar al-Siqilli
Jawhar ibn Abdallah, surnamed Ja'far al-Siqilli ("the Sicilian"), al-Rumi ("the Byzantine"), al-Saqlabi ("the Slave"), al-Katib ("the Chancellor") and al-Qaid ("the General"), (Arabic: جوهر الصقل...
Abu'l-Fida
Abu al-Fida (Arabic: أبو الفداء‎; or Abul-Fida' al-Ḥamawi or Abul Fida Ismail Hamvi, fully Abu Al-fida' Isma'il Ibn 'ali ibn Mahmud Al-malik Al-mu'ayyad 'imad Ad-din; also transliterated Abu...
Abu'l-Fida - Wikipedia
Siege of Kerak
The Siege of Kerak took place in 1183, with Saladin's forces attacking and being repelled from the Crusader stronghold.
Kerak was the stronghold of Raynald of Châtillon, Lord of Oultrejordain, 124...
Siege of Kerak - Wikipedia
Al-Amir bi-Ahkami l-Lah
Manṣūr al-Āmir bi'Aḥkāmi’l-Lāh (31 December 1096 – 1130 (3rd Zulqada 524 AH, Tuesday) (Arabic: منصور الآمر بأحكام الله ‎) was the tenth Fatimid Caliph (1101–1130), and recognised as t...
Al-Amir bi-Ahkami l-Lah - Wikipedia
Battle of Al Mansurah
The Battle of Al Mansurah was fought from February 8 to February 11, 1250, between crusaders led by Louis IX, King of France, and Ayyubid forces led by Emir Fakhr-ad-Din Yussuf, Faris ad-Din Aktai and...
Battle of Al Mansurah - Wikipedia
Battle of Belvoir Castle (1182)
In the campaign and Battle of Belvoir Castle (Kaukab al-Hawa), a Crusader force led by King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem sparred inconclusively with an Ayyubid army from Egypt commanded by Saladin. The the...
Al-Ashraf Musa
Al-Ashraf Musa ibn al-Mansur Ibrahim (Arabic: الأشرف موسى بن المنصور ابراهيم‎) (1229–1263) was the last Ayyubid prince (emir) of Homs, a city located in the central region of modern-day Syri...
Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
Abu ‘Ali Mansur Tāriqu al-Ḥākim (985 – 13 February 1021), also known as Al-Hakim bi Amr Allāh (Arabic: الحاكم بأمر الله‎; literally "Ruler by God's Command"), was the sixth Fatimid caliph an...
Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah - Wikipedia
Abu Mansoor Nizar al-Aziz Billah
Abu Mansur Nizar al-Aziz Billah, commonly known as al-Aziz (10 May 955 – 14 October 996) (Arabic: أبومنصور نزار العزيز بالله‎) was the fifth Caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate (975–996).<...
Battle of Fariskur
The Battle of Fariskur was the last major battle of the Seventh Crusade. The battle was fought on April 6, 1250, between the Crusaders led by King Louis IX of France (later Saint Louis) and Egyptian f...
Battle of Fariskur - Wikipedia
Al-Adil II
Saif ad-Dīn al-Malik al-ʿĀdil Abū Bakr b. Nāṣir ad-Dīn Muḥammad (Arabic: ‏سيف الدين الملك العادل أبو بكر بن ناصر الدين محمد‎, known simply as al-Adil II) (c. 1221 – 9 February 1248) was the ...
Al-Adil II - Wikipedia