History of science
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History of mathematics
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Calculus
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Integral
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Differential calculus
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Mathematics of infinitesimals
Area under the curve
Integrable function
Outline of calculus
Differential (infinitesimal)
History of calculus
Calculus, known in its early history as infinitesimal calculus, is a mathematical discipline focused on limits, functions, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series. Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leib...
Timeline of calculus and mathematical analysis
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Adequality
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Infinitesimal
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Infinitesimal calculus
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Method of Fluxions
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Leibniz-Newton calculus controversy
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Law of Continuity
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Generality of algebra
Isaac Newton
Newton.
The Calculus Controversy - YouTube
May 20, 2010 ... Today, calculus is one of the most important fields of mathematics. However, two ... History of Piby ReedReels49,926 views; 5:54. Watch Later
Timeline of calculus and mathematical analysis
A timeline of calculus and mathematical analysis.
Adequality
Adequality, or adaequalitas in Latin, is a technique used by Pierre de Fermat in his work on finding maxima, minima, tangents to curves, computation of areas, finding center of mass, the least action ...
Infinitesimal
Infinitesimals have been used to express the idea of things so small that there is no way to see them or to measure them. The insight with exploiting infinitesimals was that entities could still retai...
Infinitesimal - Wikipedia
Infinitesimal calculus
Calculus is the mathematical study of change, in the same way that geometry is the study of shape and algebra is the study of operations and their application to solving equations. It has two major br...
Infinitesimal calculus - Wikipedia
Method of Fluxions
Method of Fluxions is a book by Isaac Newton. The book was completed in 1671, and published in 1736. Fluxions is Newton's term for differential calculus (fluents was his term for integral calculus). ...
Leibniz-Newton calculus controversy
The calculus controversy (often referred to with the German term Prioritätsstreit, meaning ‘priority dispute’) was an argument between 17th-century mathematicians Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz (b...
Law of Continuity
The Law of Continuity is a heuristic principle introduced by Gottfried Leibniz based on earlier work by Nicholas of Cusa and Johannes Kepler. It is the principle that "whatever succeeds for the finit...
Generality of algebra
In the history of mathematics, the generality of algebra was a phrase used by Augustin-Louis Cauchy to describe a method of argument that was used in the 18th century by mathematicians such as Leonhar...
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (also Godefroi Guillaume Leibnitz, /ˈlaɪbnɪts/; [ˈɡɔtfʁiːt ˈvɪlhɛlm fɔn ˈlaɪbnɪts] or [ˈlaɪpnɪts]; July 1, 1646 – November 14, 1716) was a German polymath and philosopher...
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz - Wikipedia
Guillaume de l'Hôpital
Guillaume François Antoine, Marquis de l'Hôpital[ɡijom fʁɑ̃swa ɑ̃twan maʁki də lopiˈtal] (?, 1661, Paris – 2 February 1704, Paris) was a French mathematician. His name is firmly associated with l'Hôpi...
Guillaume de l'Hôpital - Wikipedia
Pierre de Fermat
Pierre de Fermat ([pjɛːʁ dəfɛʁma]; 17 August 1601 or 1607 – 12 January 1665) was a French lawyer at the Parlement of Toulouse, France, and a mathematician who is given credit for early developments t...
Pierre de Fermat - Wikipedia
Lazare Carnot
Lazare Nicolas Marguerite, Comte Carnot (13 May 1753 – 2 August 1823), the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, was a French politician, engineer, freemason and mathematician.
B...
Lazare Carnot - Wikipedia
Madhava of Sangamagrama
Madhava of Sangamagrama (c. 1340 – c. 1425), was an Indian mathematician-astronomer from the town of Sangamagrama (believed to be present-day Irinjalakuda near Thrissur), Kerala, Indi...
Leibniz's notation
In calculus, Leibniz's notation, named in honor of the 17th-century German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, uses the symbols dx and dy to represent infinitely small (or infini...
Woolsthorpe Manor
Woolsthorpe Manor in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, near Grantham, Lincolnshire, England, is the birthplace and was the family home of Sir Isaac Newton. He was born there on 25 December 1642 (old calend...
Woolsthorpe Manor - Wikipedia
Working!!
Working!! is a Japanese four-panel comic strip manga series written and illustrated by Karino Takatsu, and concerns the activities of the unusual employees at the Wagnaria family restaurant. It began ...
Working!! - Wikipedia
Newton-Pepys problem
The Newton–Pepys problem is a probability problem concerning the probability of throwing sixes from a certain number of dice.In 1693 Samuel Pepys and Isaac Newton corresponded over a problem posed by ...
Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton (/ˈnjuːtən/; 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/7) was an English physicist and mathematician (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recogni...
Isaac Newton - Wikipedia
Cours d'Analyse
Cours d'Analyse de l’École Royale Polytechnique; I.re Partie. Analyse algébrique is a seminal textbook in infinitesimal calculus published by Augustin-Louis Cauchy in 1821. We will follow the transla...
Cours d'Analyse - Wikipedia
Transcendental law of homogeneity
The transcendental law of homogeneity (TLH) is a heuristic principle enunciated by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz most clearly in a 1710 text entitled Symbolismus memorabilis calculi algebraici et infinite...
Integral symbol
The integral symbol:is used to denote integrals and antiderivatives in mathematics. The notation was introduced by the German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz towards the end of the 17th centur...
Integral symbol - Wikipedia
Augustin-Louis Cauchy
Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy ([oɡystɛ̃ lwi koʃi]; 21 August 1789 – 23 May 1857) was a French mathematician reputed as a pioneer of analysis. He was one of the first to state and prove theorems of calcu...
Augustin-Louis Cauchy - Wikipedia
Hypotheses non fingo
Hypotheses non fingo (Latin for "I feign no hypotheses," "I frame no hypotheses," or "I contrive no hypotheses") is a famous phrase used by Isaac Newton in an essay, General Scholium, which was append...
Isaac Newton's later life
During his residence in London, Newton had made the acquaintance of John Locke. Locke had taken a very great interest in the new theories of the Principia. He was one of a number of Newton's friends w...
Isaac Newton's later life - Wikipedia
Works by Isaac Newton
Elements of the Philosophy of Newton
Elements of the Philosophy of Newton (French: Éléments de la philosophie de Newton) is a book written by the philosopher Voltaire in 1738 that helped to popularize the theories and thought of Isaa...
Later life of Isaac Newton
During his residence in London, Newton had made the acquaintance of John Locke. Locke had taken a very great interest in the new theories of the Principia. He was one of a number of Newton's friends w...
Writing of Principia Mathematica
Isaac Newton composed Principia Mathematica during 1685 and 1686, and it was published in a first edition on 5 July 1687. Widely regarded as one of the most important works in both the science of phys...
Writing of Principia Mathematica - Wikipedia