History of computer science
The history of computer science began long before the modern discipline of computer science that emerged in the 20th century, and hinted at in the centuries prior. The progression, from mechanical inv...
Timeline of computing 2400 BC-1949
This article presents a detailed timeline of events in the history of computing hardware: from prehistory until 1949. For narratives explaining the overall developments, see the navigation box "Histor...
Philosophy of physics
In philosophy, the philosophy of physics studies the fundamental philosophical questions underlying modern physics, the study of matter and energy and how they interact. The philosophy of physics begi...
Philosophy of physics - Wikipedia
Philosophy of biology
The philosophy of biology is a subfield of philosophy of science, which deals with epistemological, metaphysical, and ethical issues in the biological and biomedical sciences. Although philosophers of...
Philosophy of mathematics
The philosophy of mathematics is the branch of philosophy that studies the philosophical assumptions, foundations, and implications of mathematics. The aim of the philosophy of mathematics is to provi...
Philosophy of mathematics - Wikipedia
Philosophy of language
Philosophy of language is concerned with four central problems: the nature of meaning, language use, language cognition, and the relationship between language and reality. For continental philosophers...
Philosophy of mind
Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, part...
Philosophy of mind - Wikipedia
Triangle of reference
The triangle of reference (also known as the triangle of meaning and the semiotic triangle) is a model of how linguistic symbols are related to the objects they represent. The triangle was published i...
Mathematical practice
Mathematical practice is used to distinguish the working practices of professional mathematicians (e.g. selecting theorems to prove, using informal notations to persuade themselves and others that var...
The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences
"The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences" is the title of an article published in 1960 by the physicist Eugene Wigner. In the paper, Wigner observed that the mathematical...
Metatron's Cube
Metatron's Cube is a name for a geometric figure composed of 13 equal circles with lines from the center of each circle extending out to the centers of the other 12 circles. Some New Age teachers call...
Metatron's Cube - Wikipedia
H-theorem
In classical statistical mechanics, the H-theorem, introduced by Ludwig Boltzmann in 1872, describes the tendency to increase in the quantity H (defined below) in a nearly-ideal gas of molecules. As ...
List of important publications in concurrent, parallel, and distributed computing
This is a list of important publications in concurrent, parallel, and distributed computing, organized by field.Some reasons why a particular publication might be regarded as important:
Synchronis...
List of important publications in concurrent, parallel, and distributed computing - Wikipedia
Consistent histories
In quantum mechanics, the consistent histories approach is intended to give a modern interpretation of quantum mechanics, generalising the conventional Copenhagen interpretation and providing a natura...
Von Neumann paradox
In mathematics, the von Neumann paradox, named after John von Neumann, is the idea that one can break a planar figure such as the unit square into sets of points and subject each set to an area-preser...
History of compiler construction
In computing, a compiler is a computer program that transforms source code written in a programming language or computer language (the source language), into another computer language (the target lang...
Interpretation (logic)
An interpretation is an assignment of meaning to the symbols of a formal language. Many formal languages used in mathematics, logic, and theoretical computer science are defined in solely syntactic te...
Nontransitive dice
A set of dice is nontransitive if it contains three dice, A, B, and C, with the property that A rolls higher than B more than half the time, and B rolls higher than C more than half the time, but it i...
Nontransitive dice - Wikipedia
History of programming languages
This article discusses the major developments in the history of programming languages. For a detailed timeline of events, see: Timeline of programming languages.
During a nine-month period in 1840...
Leggett-Garg inequality
The Leggett–Garg inequality, named for Anthony James Leggett and Anupam Garg, is a mathematical inequality fulfilled by all macrorealistic physical theories. Here, macrorealism (macroscopic realism) i...
List of important publications in computer science
This is a list of important publications in computer science, organized by field.Some reasons why a particular publication might be regarded as important:
Description: This paper discusses whether...
Measurement in quantum mechanics
The framework of quantum mechanics requires a careful definition of measurement. The issue of measurement lies at the heart of the problem of the interpretation of quantum mechanics, for which there ...