History of ecology
The history of ecology is generally spoken of as a new science, having only become prominent in the second half of the 20th century. Ecological thought is derivative of established currents in philoso...
History of ecology - Wikipedia
Ecological succession
Ecological succession is the observed process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time. The time scale can be decades (for example, after a wildfire), or even millions o...
Ecological succession - Wikipedia
Human ecology
Human ecology is an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary study of the relationship between humans and their natural, social, and built environments. The philosophy and study of human ecology has a ...
Human ecology - Wikipedia
Gaia hypothesis
The Gaia hypothesis, today also commonly referred to as Gaia theory, proposes that organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a self-regulating, complex system that contribu...
Gaia hypothesis - Wikipedia
Bibliography of biology
This bibliography of biology is a list of notable works, organized by subdiscipline, on the subject of biology.Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, inclu...
Bibliography of biology - Wikipedia
Daisyworld
Daisyworld, a computer simulation, is a hypothetical world orbiting a star whose radiant energy is slowly increasing or decreasing. It is meant to mimic important elements of the Earth-Sun system, an...
Daisyworld - Wikipedia
History of zoology (through 1859)
This article considers the history of zoology up to the year 1859, when the theory of evolution by natural selection was proposed by Charles Darwin.The history of zoology traces the study of the anima...
History of zoology (through 1859) - Wikipedia
Anthropocene
The Anthropocene is a proposed geologic chronological term for an epoch that begins when human activities have had a significant global impact on the Earth's ecosystems. The term—which appears t...
Ecological economics
Ecological economics/eco-economics refers to both a transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary field of academic research that aims to address the interdependence and coevolution of human economies and ...
Ecological economics - Wikipedia
Ecological footprint
An ecological footprint is a measurement of anthropogenic impact on Earth. Two fields of science, geospheric and biospheric, measure it. It accounts for the human share of biocapacity. Human activity ...
Ecological footprint - Wikipedia
Urban ecology
Urban ecology is the scientific study of the relation of living organisms with each other and their surroundings in the context of an urban environment. The urban environment refers to environments do...
Urban ecology - Wikipedia
Climax community
In ecology, climax community, or climatic climax community, is a historic term that expressed a biological community of plants and animals and fungi which, through the process of ecological succession...
Climax community - Wikipedia
Bioregionalism
Bioregionalism is a political, cultural, and ecological system or set of views based on naturally defined areas called bioregions, similar to ecoregions. Bioregions are defined through physical and en...
Bioregionalism - Wikipedia
History of zoology (since 1859)
This article considers the history of zoology since the theory of evolution by natural selection proposed by Charles Darwin in 1859.Charles Darwin gave new direction to morphology and physiology, by ...
History of zoology (since 1859) - Wikipedia
Geological history of oxygen
Before photosynthesis evolved, Earth's atmosphere had no free oxygen (O2). Oxygen was first produced by photosynthetic prokaryotic organisms that emitted O2 as a waste product. These organisms lived l...
Geological history of oxygen - Wikipedia
Natural capital
Natural capital is the world's stock of natural resources which creates a long term supply of goods or services. It is an extension of the economic notion of capital (resources which enable the produc...
Natural capital - Wikipedia
Carbon cycle
The carbon cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which carbon is exchanged among the biosphere, pedosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere of the Earth. Along with the nitrogen cycle and the wa...
Carbon cycle - Wikipedia
Paleoclimatology
Paleoclimatology (in British spelling, palaeoclimatology) is the study of changes in climate taken on the scale of the entire history of Earth. It uses a variety of proxy methods from the Earth and li...
Paleoclimatology - Wikipedia
History of anatomy
The history of anatomy extends from the earliest examinations of sacrificial victims to the sophisticated analyses of the body performed by modern scientists. It has been characterized, over time, b...
History of anatomy - Wikipedia
Secondary succession
Secondary succession is one of the two types of ecological succession of plant life. As opposed to the first, primary succession, secondary succession is a process started by an event (e.g. forest fir...
Secondary succession - Wikipedia
History of molecular biology
The history of molecular biology begins in the 1930s with the convergence of various, previously distinct biological and physical disciplines: biochemistry, genetics, microbiology, virology and physic...
History of molecular biology - Wikipedia
History of genetics
The history of genetics started with the work of the Augustinian friar Gregor Johann Mendel. His work on pea plants, published in 1866, described what came to be known as Mendelian Inheritance. In th...
Holocene extinction
The Holocene extinction, sometimes called the Sixth Extinction, is a name proposed to describe the extinction event of species during the present Holocene epoch (since around 10,000 BCE) mainly due to...
Seral communities
A seral community (or sere) is an intermediate stage found in ecological succession in an ecosystem advancing towards its climax community. In many cases more than one seral stage evolves until climax...
Seral communities - Wikipedia
Cyclic succession
Cyclic succession is a pattern of vegetation change in which in a small number of species tend to replace each other over time in the absence of large-scale disturbance. Observations of cyclic replac...
Cyclic succession - Wikipedia
Primary succession
Primary succession is one of two types of biological and ecological succession of plant life, occurring in an environment in which new substrate devoid of vegetation and usually lacking soil, such as ...
Primary succession - Wikipedia
Novel ecosystem
Novel ecosystems are human-built, modified, or engineered niches of the Anthropocene. They exist in places that have been altered in structure and function by human agency. Novel ecosystems are part o...
History of botany
The history of botany examines the human effort to understand life on Earth by tracing the historical development of the discipline of botany—that part of natural science dealing with organisms ...
History of botany - Wikipedia
Ecosystem services
Humankind benefits in a multitude of ways from ecosystems. Collectively, these benefits are known as ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are regularly involved in the provisioning of clean drinking...
Ecosystem services - Wikipedia
History of evolutionary thought
Evolutionary thought, the conception that species change over time, has roots in antiquity, in the ideas of the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Chinese as well as in medieval Islamic science. With the beg...
History of evolutionary thought - Wikipedia