History of ferrous metallurgy
Ferrous metallurgy involves processes and alloys based on iron. It began far back in prehistory. The earliest surviving iron artifacts, from the 4th millennium BC in Egypt, were made from meteoritic ...
History of ferrous metallurgy - Wikipedia
Nubia And The Powerful Kingdom Of Kush
Pharaonic Egypt is arguably the most famous ancient civilization on the African continent. This does not mean, however, that it was the only ancient civilization that sprang from African soil.
Urewe
The Urewe culture developed and spread in and around the Lake Victoria region of Africa during the African Iron Age. The culture's earliest dated artefacts are located in the Kagera Region of Tanzania...
Bantu expansion
The Bantu expansion is the name for a postulated millennia-long series of migrations of speakers of the original proto-Bantu language group. The primary evidence for this expansion has been linguistic...
Bantu expansion - Wikipedia
Nubia
Nubia is a region along the Nile river, which is located in northern Sudan and southern Egypt.There were a number of large Nubian kingdoms throughout the Postclassical Era, the last of which collapse...
Nubia - Wikipedia
Haya people
The Haya are an ethnic and linguistic group based in the Bukoba District, Muleba District and Karagwe District of Kagera Region in northwestern Tanzania, East Africa. In 1991 the Haya population was ...
Bloomery
A bloomery is a type of furnace once widely used for smelting iron from its oxides. The bloomery was the earliest form of smelter capable of smelting iron. A bloomery's product is a porous mass of i...
Bloomery - Wikipedia
Blast furnace
A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally iron, but also others such as lead or copper.In a blast furnace, fuel, ore, and flux (limes...
Blast furnace - Wikipedia
Hot blast
Hot blast refers to the preheating of air blown into a blast furnace or other metallurgical process. As first developed it worked by alternately storing heat from the furnace flue gas in a firebrick ...
Hot blast - Wikipedia
Nubia And The Powerful Kingdom Of Kush
Pharaonic Egypt is arguably the most famous ancient civilization on the African continent. This does not mean, however, that it was the only ancient civilization that sprang from African soil.
Kingdom of Kerma
The Kerma Culture is an early civilization which flourished from around 2500 BCE to about 1600 BCE in Nubia in present-day Sudan. Centered at Kerma, it seems to have been one of a number of Nile Valle...
Kingdom of Kerma - Wikipedia
List of preserved historic blast furnaces
This list of preserved historic blast furnaces contains decommissioned blast furnaces, of which substantial remains survive. The furnaces are preserved in a park or museum, or as a site otherwise open...
List of preserved historic blast furnaces - Wikipedia
Rosa 'Abraham Darby'
Abraham Darby (synonyms 'AUScot', Candy Rain, Country Darby tree) is a popular apricot rose cultivar which was introduced by David Austin in England in 1985. The English rose was bred by crossing the ...
Smelting
Smelting is a form of extractive metallurgy; its main use is to produce a base metal from its ore. This includes production of silver, iron, copper and other base metals from their ores. Smelting ma...
Smelting - Wikipedia
Smelt
Smelt may refer to:
Smelt - Wikipedia
Nobadia
Nobatia /noʊˈbeɪʃə/ or Nobadia (/noʊˈbeɪdiə/; Greek: Νοβαδἰα, Nobadia; Old Nubian: Ⲛⲟⲩⲃⲁⲇⲓⲁ, Noubadia) was an ancient African Christian kingdom in Lower Nubia and subsequently a region of the larger N...
Nobadia - Wikipedia
Science and technology in Africa
Science and technology in Africa has unfolded since the dawn of human history. The first evidence of tool use and tool making by our hominid ancestors is interred in valleys across Sub-Saharan Africa....
Science and technology in Africa - Wikipedia
Nubian people
Nubians are an ethnic group originally from northern Sudan and southern Egypt. Today, Nubian people live in Egypt and Sudan, and in Sudan inhabit the region between Wadi Halfa in the north and Al Dabb...
Nubian people - Wikipedia
Makuria
The Kingdom of Makuria (Old Nubian: Ⲙⲁⲕⲟⲩⲣⲓⲁ, Makouria; Arabic: مقرة‎, al-Muqurra) was a kingdom located in what is today Northern Sudan and Southern Egypt. Makuria originally covered the ar...
Makuria - Wikipedia
Kingdom of Kush
The Kingdom of Kush or Kush (/kʊʃ, kʌʃ/) was an ancient African kingdom situated on the confluences of the Blue Nile, White Nile and River Atbara in what is now the Republic of Sudan.Estab...
Kingdom of Kush - Wikipedia
Meroë
Meroë (/ˈmɛroʊeɪ/; also spelled Meroe; Meroitic: Medewi or Bedewi; Arabic: مرواه Meruwah and مروى Meruwi; Ancient Greek: Μερόη, Meróē) is an ancient city on the east bank of the Nile about 6 km n...
Meroë - Wikipedia
Alodia
Alodia or Alwa was the southernmost of the three kingdoms of Christian Nubia; the other two were Nobatia and Makuria to the north. Much about this kingdom is still unknown, despite its thousand year e...
Alodia - Wikipedia