History of neuroscience
From the ancient Egyptian mummifications to 18th century scientific research on "globules" and neurons, there is evidence of neuroscience practice throughout the early periods of history. The early ci...
History of neuroscience - Wikipedia
Scientists Show A Link Between Intestinal Bacteria And Depression
The research explains the complex mechanisms of interaction and dynamics between the gut microbiota and its host. Data show that relatively minor changes in microbiota profiles or its metabolic activi...
Lobotomy
Lobotomy (Greek: λοβός lobos "lobe (of brain)"; τομή tomē "cut, slice") is a neurosurgical procedure, a form of psychosurgery, also known as a leukotomy or leucotomy (from the Greek λευκός leukos ...
Lobotomy - Wikipedia
Sanpaku
Sanpaku gan (三白眼) or Sanpaku (三白) is a Japanese term means “three whites” originated from a Chinese term. It is generally referred to in English as "sanpaku eyes" and refers to eyes in which ...
Sanpaku - Wikipedia
Jean Pierre Flourens
Marie Jean Pierre Flourens (13 April 1794 – 6 December 1867), father of Gustave Flourens, was a French physiologist, the founder of experimental brain science and a pioneer in anesthesia. Through the ...
Jean Pierre Flourens - Wikipedia
Franz Nissl
Franz Nissl (9 September 1860, Frankenthal – 11 August 1919, Munich) was a German medical researcher. He was a noted neuropathologist.
Nissl was born in Frankenthal to Theodor Nissl and Ma...
Franz Nissl - Wikipedia
Eventuality (phrenology)
Eventuality is a faculty from the discipline of phrenology, which rules the factual memory: the memory for facts and events. It can also be referred to as the historical faculty, and it is reflected i...
Rumpology
Rumpology or "Bottom Reading" is a pseudoscience akin to physiognomy, performed by examining crevices, dimples, warts, moles and folds of a person's buttocks in much the same way a chirologist would r...
George Kellie
George Kellie (1720–1779) was a Scottish surgeon who, together with Alexander Monro secundus gave his name to the Monro-Kellie doctrine, a concept which relates intracranial pressure to the volume of...
Hunger (motivational state)
Hunger is a sensation that represents the physiological need to eat food. In contrast, satiety is the absence of hunger; it is the sensation of feeling full. Appetite is another sensation experienced...
Paul Broca
Pierre Paul Broca (/broʊˈkɑː/ or /ˈbroʊkə/; 28 June 1824 – 9 July 1880) was a French physician, surgeon, anatomist, and anthropologist. He was born in Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, Gironde. He is best known ...
Paul Broca - Wikipedia
Limbic system
The limbic system (or paleomammalian brain) is a complex set of brain structures located on both sides of the thalamus, right under the cerebrum. It is not a separate system but a collection of struct...
Limbic system - Wikipedia
Joseph Babinski
Joseph Jules François Félix Babinski (17 November 1857 – 29 October 1932) was a French neurologist of Polish descent. He is best known for his 1896 description of the Babinski sign, a pathological pla...
Joseph Babinski - Wikipedia
Donald O. Hebb
Donald Olding Hebb FRS (July 22, 1904 – August 20, 1985) was a Canadian psychologist who was influential in the area of neuropsychology, where he sought to understand how the function of neurons contr...
Balloonist theory
Balloonist theory was a theory in early neuroscience that attempted to explain muscle movement by asserting that muscles contract by inflating with air or fluid. The Greek physician Galen believed tha...
Balloonist theory - Wikipedia
Clovis Vincent
Clovis Vincent was born September 26, 1879 in Ingré (Loiret) and died November 14, 1947 in Paris. He was a French neurologist and neurosurgeon. With Thierry de Martel (1875-1940), he was one of the fo...
History of psychosurgery in the United Kingdom
Psychosurgery is a surgical operation that destroys brain tissue in order to alleviate the symptoms of mental disorder. The lesions are usually, but not always, made in the frontal lobes. Tissue may b...
Ralph W. Gerard
Ralph Waldo Gerard (7 October 1900 - 17 February 1974) was an American neurophysiologist and behavioral scientist known for his wide-ranging work on the nervous system, nerve metabolism, psychopharmac...
Ugo Cerletti
Ugo Cerletti (26 September 1877 - 25 July 1963) was an Italian neurologist who discovered the method of electroconvulsive therapy in psychiatry. Electroconvulsive therapy is a therapy used, in which a...
Erasistratus
Erasistratus (/ˌɛrəˈsɪstrətəs/; Greek: Ἐρασίστρατος; c. 304 – c. 250 BC) was a Greek anatomist and royal physician under Seleucus I Nicator of Syria. Along with fellow physician Herophilus, he founded...
Erasistratus - Wikipedia
Neuron doctrine
The neuron doctrine is the concept that the nervous system is made up of discrete individual cells, a discovery due to decisive neuro-anatomical work of Santiago Ramón y Cajal and later presented by, ...
Neuron doctrine - Wikipedia
James Papez
James Papez (1883–1958) was an American neuroanatomist. Papez received his MD from the University of Minnesota College of Medicine and Surgery. He is most famous for his 1937 description of the ...
George Combe
George Combe (21 October 1788 – 14 August 1858) was the leader of – and the spokesman for – the phrenological movement for more than twenty years. He founded the Edinburgh Phrenological Society in 182...
George Combe - Wikipedia
Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation
Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation is a work of speculative natural history and philosophy published anonymously in England in 1844. It brought together various ideas of stellar evolution wit...
Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation - Wikipedia
Reticular theory
Reticular theory is an obsolete scientific theory in neurobiology that stated that everything in the nervous system, such as brain, are made up of a single interlinking network. The concept was postul...
António Egas Moniz
António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz (29 November 1874 – 13 December 1955), known as Egas Moniz ([ˈɛɣɐʒ muˈniʃ]), was a Portuguese neurologist and the developer of cerebral angiography. He is re...
António Egas Moniz - Wikipedia
Albert Einstein's brain
The brain of physicist Albert Einstein has been a subject of much research and speculation. Einstein's brain was removed within seven and a half hours of his death. The brain has attracted attention b...
Albert Einstein's brain - Wikipedia
Herophilos
Herophilos (/hɪˈrɒfɪləs/; Greek: Ἡρόφιλος), sometimes Latinized Herophilus (335–280 BC), was a Greek physician deemed to be the first anatomist. Born in Chalcedon, he spent the majority of his life in...