History of trade
The history of international trade chronicles notable events that have affected the trade between various countries.In the era before the rise of the nation state, the term 'international' trade canno...
History of trade - Wikipedia
The Dutch Surrender New Netherland
Get the facts on the only Dutch colony in mainland North America, which included present-day New York City.
Was Magellan The First Person To Circumnavigate The Globe?
The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan is often credited as being the first person to have circumnavigated the globe, but the reality of his journey is a bit more complicated.
BBC Travel - The Silk Road that no one sees
The pools beneath the pristine madrassa in Bukhara’s blue-tiled Lyab-i Hauz square were still. Men in long tunics hawked tea from silver pots in the cafes across the way. And narrow streets rolled int...
Trade route
The Ancient Tea Route was a network of mule caravan paths winding through the mountains of Yunnan Province in Southwest China. It is also referred to as the ...
Silk Road
silk road.
Age of Discovery
Artwork and map animation help illustrate the exciting voyages of Prince Henry the Navigator, Díaz, Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Magellan, Ponce de León, Balboa,...
Ancient Egyptian trade
Ancient Egyptian trade consisted of the gradual creation of land and sea trade routes connecting the Ancient Egyptian civilization with the Fertile Crescent, Arabia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and India.
Ancient Egyptian trade - Wikipedia
Phoenicians and wine
The culture of the ancient Phoenicians was one of the first to have had a significant effect on the history of wine. Phoenicia was a civilization centered in the northern reaches of Canaan along the e...
Phoenicians and wine - Wikipedia
Indo-Roman trade and relations
Roman trade in the Indian Subcontinent (see also the spice trade and incense road) through the overland caravan routes via Asia Minor and the Middle East, though at a relative trickle compared to late...
Indo-Roman trade and relations - Wikipedia
Emporia (ancient Greece)
In antiquity, an emporion (Greek) or emporium (Latin; the plural is emporia in both languages) was a place which the traders of one nation had reserved to their business interests within the territory...
Radhanite
The Radhanites (also Radanites, Arabic الرذنية ar-Raðaniyya; Hebrew sing. רדהני Radhani, pl. רדהנים Radhanim) were medieval Jewish merchants. Whether the term, which is used by only a limited number ...
Radhanite - Wikipedia
Trade route
A trade route is a logistical network identified as a series of pathways and stoppages used for the commercial transport of cargo. Allowing goods to reach distant markets, a single trade route contain...
Trade route - Wikipedia
Incense Route
The Incense trade route or the Incense Road of Antiquity (see also the spice trade) comprised a network of major ancient land and sea trading routes linking the Mediterranean world with Eastern and So...
Incense Route - Wikipedia
Via Maris

Via Maris is the modern name for an ancient trade route, dating from the early Bronze Age, linking Egypt with the northern empires of Syria, Anatolia and Mesopotamia — modern day Iran, Iraq, Isra...
Via Maris - Wikipedia
Silk Road
The Silk Road, or Silk Route, is a network of trade and cultural transmission routes that were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting the West and East by li...
Silk Road - Wikipedia
Ancient tea route
The Tea Horse Road or chamadao (simplified Chinese: 茶马道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬道), now generally referred to as the Ancient Tea Horse Road or chama gudao (simplified Chinese: 茶马古道; tradit...
Ancient tea route - Wikipedia
Amber Road
The Amber Road was an ancient trade route for the transfer of amber from coastal areas of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea to the Mediterranean Sea. Prehistoric trade routes between Northern and South...
Amber Road - Wikipedia
Spice trade
The spice trade refers to the trade between historical civilizations in Asia, Northeast Africa and Europe. Spices such as cinnamon, cassia, cardamom, ginger, pepper, and turmeric were known, and used ...
Spice trade - Wikipedia
Salt Road
A salt road (also known as a salt route, salt way, saltway, or salt trading route) is any of the prehistoric and historical trade routes by which essential salt has been transported to regions that la...
Salt Road - Wikipedia
Trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks
The trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks (Russian: Путь «из варяг в греки», Put iz varyag v greki, Swedish: Vägen från varjagerna till grekerna, Greek: Εμπορική Οδός Βαράγγων - Ελ...
Trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks - Wikipedia
Trans-Saharan trade
Trans-Saharan trade requires travel across the Sahara to reach sub-Saharan Africa from the North African coast, Europe, to the Levant. While existing from prehistoric times, the peak of trade extended...
Trans-Saharan trade - Wikipedia
Hanseatic League
The Hanseatic League (also known as the Hanse or Hansa; Low German: Hanse, Dudesche Hanse, Latin: Hansa, Hansa Teutonica or Liga Hanseatica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of mer...
Hanseatic League - Wikipedia
Age of Discovery
The Age of Discovery is a period of European global exploration that started in the early 15th century with the first Portuguese discoveries in the Atlantic archipelagos and Africa, as well as the dis...
Age of Discovery - Wikipedia
Columbian Exchange
The Columbian Exchange or Grand Exchange refers to the widespread transfer of animals, plants, culture, human populations, communicable diseases, technology and ideas between the American and Afro-Eur...
Columbian Exchange - Wikipedia
Atlantic slave trade
The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade took place across the Atlantic Ocean from the 16th through to the 19th centuries. The vast majority of those enslaved that were transported to th...
Atlantic slave trade - Wikipedia
Chartered company
A chartered company is an association formed by investors or shareholders for the purpose of trade, exploration, and colonization.
Companies enabled merchants to band together to undertake venture...
Chartered company - Wikipedia
East India Company
The East India Company (EIC), more properly called the Honourable East India Company (HEIC), was an English joint-stock company, formed to pursue trade with the East Indies, but which ended up tradin...
East India Company - Wikipedia
Dutch East India Company
The Dutch East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie, VOC, "United East India Company") was a chartered company established in 1602, when the States General of the Netherlands gr...
Dutch East India Company - Wikipedia