Holism
Holism (from Greek ὅλος holos "all, whole, entire") is the idea that natural systems (physical, biological, chemical, social, economic, mental, linguistic, etc.) and their properties should be viewed ...
Holism - Wikipedia
The Incredible Physics of Ants
Masses of fire ants can flow like a liquid and bounce back like a solid.
Global brain - Howard Bloom - The Global Brain
According to Howard Bloom, author of Global Brain, evolution is a team sport and we are all components of a larger collective intelligence. He explains that ...
Superorganism
http://dsc.discovery.com/videos/earth-top-5-superorganisms.html Superorganisms are a lot more common than you might think. James Williams counts down why.
Holism in science
Holism in science, or holistic science, is an approach to research that emphasizes the study of complex systems. This practice is in contrast to a purely analytic tradition (sometimes called reduction...
Holistic community
A holistic community (also referred to as closed or unitary) is one where the species within the community are interdependent on each other for keeping balance and stability of the system. This is a t...
Semantic holism
Semantic holism is a theory in the philosophy of language to the effect that a certain part of language, be it a term or a complete sentence, can only be understood through its relations to a (previou...
Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
Gemeinschaft ([ɡəˈmaɪnʃaft]) and Gesellschaft ([ɡəˈzɛlʃaft]) (generally translated as "community and society") are categories which were coined by the German sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies in order to ...
W.V. Quine
Willard Van Orman Quine (/kwaɪn/; June 25, 1908 – December 25, 2000) (known to intimates as "Van") was an American philosopher and logician in the analytic tradition. From 1930 until his death 70 yea...
Systems thinking
Systems thinking is the process of understanding how things, regarded as systems, influence one another within a whole. In nature, systems thinking examples include ecosystems in which various element...
Thinking outside the box
Thinking outside the box (also thinking out of the box or thinking beyond the box) is a metaphor that means to think differently, unconventionally, or from a new perspective. This phrase often refers...
Thinking outside the box - Wikipedia
Cognitive synonymy
Cognitive synonymy is a type of synonymy in which synonyms are so similar in meaning that they cannot be differentiated either denotatively or connotatively, that is, not even by mental associations, ...
Henri Bergson
Henri-Louis Bergson ([bɛʁksɔn]; 18 October 1859 – 4 January 1941) was a major French philosopher, influential especially in the first half of the 20th century. Bergson convinced many thinkers th...
Henri Bergson - Wikipedia
Plato's beard
Plato's beard refers to a paradoxical argument dubbed by Willard Van Orman Quine in his 1948 paper On What There Is in which he stated that:The argument has been favored by prominent philosophers incl...
Two Dogmas of Empiricism
Two Dogmas of Empiricism is a paper by analytic philosopher Willard Van Orman Quine published in 1951. According to City University of New York professor of philosophy Peter Godfrey-Smith, this "pape...
Organicism
Organicism is the philosophical perspective which views the universe and its parts as organic wholes and - either by analogy or literally - as living organisms. It can be synonymous with holism. Organ...
Organicism - Wikipedia
Synergism (theology)
In theology, synergism is the position of those who hold that salvation involves some form of cooperation between divine grace and human freedom. It stands opposed to monergism, a doctrine most common...
Haridas Chaudhuri
Haridas Chaudhuri (Bengali: হরিদাস চৌধুরী) (May 1913 – 1975), Bengali integral philosopher, was a correspondent with Sri Aurobindo and the founder of the California Institute of Integral Studies (...
Haridas Chaudhuri - Wikipedia
Self-organization
Self-organization is a process where some form of overall order or coordination arises out of the local interactions between the components of an initially disordered system. This process is spontaneo...
Chaos theory
Chaos theory is a field of study in mathematics, with applications in several disciplines including meteorology, sociology, physics, engineering, economics, biology, and philosophy. Chaos theory studi...
Chaos theory - Wikipedia
Holarchy
A holarchy, in the terminology of Arthur Koestler, is a connection between holons – where a holon is both a part and a whole. The term was coined in Koestler's 1967 book The Ghost in the Machine. The ...
Quine (computing)
A quine is a non-empty computer program which takes no input and produces a copy of its own source code as its only output. The standard terms for these programs in the computability theory and comput...
Quine (computing) - Wikipedia
Synergy
Synergy is the creation of a whole that is greater than the simple sum of its parts. The term synergy comes from the Attic Greek word συνεργία synergia (confer Koine Greek: συνέργεια synergeia) from ...
Auroville
Auroville (City of Dawn) is an experimental township in Viluppuram district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India, near Puducherry in South India. It was founded in 1968 by Mirra Alfassa (also known as "T...
Auroville - Wikipedia
Synergetics (Haken)
Synergetics is an interdisciplinary science explaining the formation and self-organization of patterns and structures in open systems far from thermodynamic equilibrium. It is founded by Hermann Haken...
Integral Research Center
The Integral Institute is a think-tank founded in 1998 by American author Ken Wilber. The purpose of the Institute is to gather and attempt to integrate the various viewpoints found in a number of maj...
IBZL
IBZL - infinite bandwidth zero latency - is a thought experiment that asks: what will happen when bandwidth (for connecting to the Internet for example) is so great, and latency so small, that it no l...
Integral ecology
Integral ecology is the application of Ken Wilber's integral theory to environmental studies and ecological research. The field was pioneered in the late 1990s by integral theorist Sean Esbjörn-Hargen...