Hurrians
The Hurrians (/ˈhʊəriənz/; cuneiform: 𒄷𒌨𒊑; transliteration: Ḫu-ur-ri) were a people of the Bronze Age Near East. They spoke a Hurro-Urartian language called Hurrian, and lived in Anatolia and North...
Hurrians - Wikipedia
Hurrians
The Hurrians (cuneiform ?u-ur-ri ) were a people of the Ancient Near East who lived in Northern Mesopotamia and adjacent regions during the Bronze Age.The la...
Hurrian language
Hurrian is a conventional name for the language of the Hurrians (Khurrites), a people who entered northern Mesopotamia around 2300 BC and had mostly vanished by 1000 BC. Hurrian was the language of th...
Mitanni
Mitanni (/mɪˈtæni/; Hittite cuneiformKUR Mi-ta-an-ni; also Mittani Mi-it-ta-ni) or Hanigalbat (Assyrian Hanigalbat, Khanigalbat cuneiform Ḫa-ni-gal-bat) or Naharin in ancient Egyptian texts was a Hu...
Mitanni - Wikipedia
Indo-Aryan superstrate in Mitanni
Some theonyms, proper names and other terminology of the Mitanni are considered to form (part of) an Indo-Aryan superstrate, suggesting that an Indo-Aryan elite imposed itself over the Hurrian populat...
Hurrian songs
The Hurrian songs are a collection of music inscribed in cuneiform on clay tablets excavated from the ancient Amorite city of Ugarit which date to approximately 1400 BC. One of these tablets, which is...
Hurrian songs - Wikipedia
Kizzuwatna
Kizzuwatna (or Kizzuwadna; in Ancient Egyptian Kode), is the name of an ancient Anatolian kingdom in the 2nd millennium BC. It was situated in the highlands of southeastern Anatolia, near the Gulf of ...
Hurro-Urartian languages
The Hurro-Urartian languages are an extinct language family of the Ancient Near East, comprising only two known languages: Hurrian and Urartian, both of which were spoken in the Taurus mountains area...
Hurrian mythology
The Hurrians (/ˈhʊəriənz/; cuneiform: 𒄷𒌨𒊑; transliteration: Ḫu-ur-ri) were a people of the Bronze Age Near East. They spoke a Hurro-Urartian language called Hurrian, and lived in Anatolia and North...
Hurrian mythology - Wikipedia
Irridu
Irridu (Irrite) was a city in northwestern Mesopotamia, probably located between Harran and Carchemish. it flourished in the middle and late Bronze Age until destroyed by Assyria
The city was ment...
Hutena
In Hurrian mythology, the Hutena are goddesses of fate. They are similar to the Norns of Norse mythology or the Moirai of ancient Greece. They are called the Gul Ses (Gul-Shesh; Gulshesh; Gul-ashshesh...
Sarruma
Šarruma or Sharruma is an originally Hurrian god who was adopted into the Hittite pantheon. There was a prince named after him - Ašmi-Šarruma, son of king Arnuwanda I.
Sarruma's name means "king o...
Sarruma - Wikipedia
Gilukhipa
Kirgipa (kyrgypɜ)The sun goddess Hepa is my strengthGilukhipa, or more probable Kilu-Hepa in Hurrian language, in the Egyptian language Kirgipa, was the daughter of Shuttarna II, king of Mitanni. She...
Washukanni
Washukanni (or Waššukanni) was the capital of the Hurrian kingdom of Mitanni, from c. 1500 BC to the 13th century BC. Its precise location is unknown. A proposal that locates it under the so-far unexc...
Urartian language
Urartian, Vannic, and (in older literature) Chaldean (Khaldian, or Haldian) are conventional names for the language spoken by the inhabitants of the ancient kingdom of Urartu that was located in the r...
Urartian language - Wikipedia
Hurrian foundation pegs
The Hurrian foundation pegs, also known as the Urkish lions, are twin copper foundation pegs each in the shape of a lion that probably came from the ancient city of Urkesh (modern Tell Mozan) in Syria...
Hurrian foundation pegs - Wikipedia
Upelluri
In Hurrian mythology, Upelluri was the "dreaming god". The gods placed the stone giant Ullikummi on Upelluri's shoulders to form the world. In his slumber, Upelluri was unaware of his burden. He has b...
Tadukhipa
Tadukhipa, in the Hurrian language Tadu-Hepa, was the daughter of Tushratta, king of Mitanni (reigned ca. 1382 BC–1342 BC) and his queen Juni, and niece of Artashumara. Tadukhipa's aunt Gilukhip...
Apaliunas
Apaliunas is a theonym, attested in a Hittite language treaty as a tutelary of Wilusa. Apaliunas is considered to be the Hittite reflex of *Apeljōn, an early form of the name Apollo, which may also b...
Chagar Bazar
Chagar Bazar (Arabic: تل شاغربازار) is an ancient site in northern Syria, about 35 kilometers north of Al-Hasakah, occupied from the sixth to the second millennium BC. It is situated by the small rive...
Cuneiform
Cuneiform script is one of the earliest known systems of writing, distinguished by its wedge-shaped marks on clay tablets, made by means of a blunt reed for a stylus. The name cuneiform itself simply ...
Cuneiform - Wikipedia
Alalu
Alalu is god in Hurrian mythology. He is considered to have housed "the Hosts of Sky", the divine family, because he was a progenitor of the gods, and possibly the father of Earth.
The word "Alalu...
Alalu - Wikipedia
Aruna (Hittite mythology)
Aruna is a sea god in Hittite mythology, a son of the healing and magic goddess Kamrusepa. Aruna is also the Hittite word for "sea", and like Kamrusepa may also refer to the god of the sea.
Variou...
Aruna (Hittite mythology) - Wikipedia
Tilla (deity)
Tilla is a bull-god in the Hurrian and Hittite pantheons, the attendant and mount of the weather god Teshub.The first king of the ancient Hittite city of Masuwari was named Hapatila, which may represe...
Hebat
Hebat, also transcribed, Kheba or Khepat, was the mother goddess of the Hurrians, known as "the mother of all living". She is also a Queen of the deities.
Hebat is married to Teshub and is the mot...
Hebat - Wikipedia
Hurri
The Hurrians (/ˈhʊəriənz/; cuneiform: 𒄷𒌨𒊑; transliteration: Ḫu-ur-ri) were a people of the Bronze Age Near East. They spoke a Hurro-Urartian language called Hurrian, and lived in Anatolia and North...