Ilkhanate
The Ilkhanate, also spelled Il-khanate (Persian: ایلخانان‎, Ilkhanan; Mongolian: Хүлэгийн улс, Hulagu-yn Ulus), was a breakaway state of the Mongol Empire, which was ruled by the Mongol...
Ilkhanate - Wikipedia
Franco-Mongol alliance
Several attempts at a Franco-Mongol alliance against the Islamic caliphates, their common enemy, were made by various leaders among the Frankish Crusaders and the Mongol Empire in the 1200s. Such an a...
Franco-Mongol alliance - Wikipedia
Seventh Crusade
The Seventh Crusade was a crusade led by Louis IX of France from 1248 to 1254. Approximately 800,000 bezants were paid in ransom for King Louis who, along with thousands of his troops, were defeated a...
Seventh Crusade - Wikipedia
Mausoleum of Öljeitü
The Mausoleum of Öljeitü is a 14th-century mausoleum of the Il-khan Öljeitü, also known as Muhammad Khodabandeh, in Soltaniyeh, Iran. Traditionally the structure is known as the Dome of Soltaniyeh.
Mausoleum of Öljeitü - Wikipedia
Hamdallah Mustawfi
Ḥamdallāh Mustawfī Qazvīnī (1281–1349; Persian: حمدالله مستوفى قزوینی ‎) was a Persian historian, geographer and epic poet. Mustawfi is the author of Nozhat ol-Gholub (نزهه القلوب), Zafar-Nameh...
Hamdallah Mustawfi - Wikipedia
Buqa
Buqa (or Bugha) (died January 16, 1289) was a Mongol lord and chancellor who was instrumental in sweeping Arghun to power as the fourth Il-Khan of Iran in 1284 and became his chief minister (vizier) a...
Guiscard Bustari
Guiscard Bustari was a Florentine Italian adventurer and ambassador, who was employed by the Mongol Il Khan ruler Ghazan. In the summer 1300, Guiscard Bustari is recorded to have led an embassy of one...
Guiscard Bustari - Wikipedia
Yusif ibn Kuseyir Mausoleum
The Mausoleum of Yusif ibn Kuseyir was built in 1161–1162, in Nakchivan city. Architect of the mausoleum was Ajami ibn Abubakr Nakhchivani.The mausoleums of Nakhichevan was nominated for List of World...
Yusif ibn Kuseyir Mausoleum - Wikipedia
Soltaniyeh
Soltaniyeh (Persian: سلطانيه‎, also Romanized as Solţānīyeh, Solţāneyyeh, Sultaniye, and Sultānīyeh; also known as Sa‘īdīyeh) is a city in and capital of Soltaniyeh District of Abhar County, Zan...
Soltaniyeh - Wikipedia
Padishah Khatun
Safwat al-Din Khatun, otherwise known as Padishah Khatun, was a member of the Mongol nobility during the Kutlugh-Khanid dynastywhen Mongols ruled in Persia.She was born in the Persian province of Kirm...
Bilarghu
Bilarghu, also Pilargh'ou, was a Mongol general of the ruler Ghazan during the end of the 13th and the beginning of the 14th century. During the Mongol campaigns of 1299 in Syria, Bilarghu was put in ...
Geoffrey of Langley
Geoffrey of Langley was an English knight and ambassador of the 13th century. He participated to the crusade of Edward I of England in the Holy Land in 1270-71. Geoffrey de Langley was also sent to th...
Arghun Aqa
Arghun Agha, also Arghun Aqa or Arghun the Elder (d. 1278) was a Mongol noble of the Oirat clan in the 13th century. He was a governor in the Mongol-controlled area of Persia from 1243 to 1255, befor...
Arghun Aqa - Wikipedia
Battle of Ain Jalut
The Battle of Ain Jalut (Ayn Jalut, in Arabic: عين جالوت, the "Spring of Goliath", or Harod Spring, in Hebrew: מעין חרוד) took place on 3 September 1260 between Muslim Mamluks and the Mongols in the s...
Battle of Ain Jalut - Wikipedia
Siege of Baghdad (1258)
The Siege of Baghdad, which lasted from January 29 until February 10, 1258, entailed the investment, capture, and sacking of Baghdad, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate, by Ilkhanate Mongol forces a...
Siege of Baghdad (1258) - Wikipedia
Mongol invasions of Syria
Starting in the 1240s, the Mongols made repeated invasions of Syria or attempts thereof. Most failed, but they did have some success in 1260 and 1300, capturing Aleppo and Damascus and destroying the ...
Mongol invasions of Syria - Wikipedia
Ergenekon
Ergenekon or Ergeneqon is a (Mongolian: Эргүнэ хун/Ergüne khun) Mongolian creation myth.
Ergenekon was the refuge of the progenitors of the Mongols, Nekuz and Qiyan, as told in the 14th-century li...
Mongol invasions of Georgia and Armenia
Mongol conquests of Kingdom of Georgia, which at that time incorporated Armenia and much of the Caucasus, consisted of multiple invasions throughout the 13th century. The Mongol Empire first appeared ...
Mongol invasions of Georgia and Armenia - Wikipedia
Ninth Crusade
The Ninth Crusade, which is sometimes grouped with the Eighth Crusade, is commonly considered to be the last major medieval Cru...
Ninth Crusade - Wikipedia
Menar Jonban
Menar Jonban (Persian: "The Swinging Minaret") is a mausoleum in Isfahan, Iran, entitled to Amu Abdoullah Ebne Mohammad Ebne Mahmmoud, a mystic who died in 1316 AD. The building includes two minarets...
Menar Jonban - Wikipedia
Rab'-e Rashidi
46°19′46″E / 38.07917°N 46.32944°E / 38.07917; 46.32944Rab'-e Rashidi was an academic campus in North Eastern part of city Tabriz, constructed in late 13th century during king...
Rab'-e Rashidi - Wikipedia
Homam-e Tabrizi
Homam-e Tabrizi (Persian: همام الدین تبریزی‎) or HOMĀM-AL-DIN B. ʿALĀʾ TABRIZI (1238/39 to 1314/1315) was an Persian poet of the Ilkhanid era. He was a follower of Saadi and his poetry was most...
Mongol raids into Palestine
Mongol raids into Palestine took place towards the end of the Crusades, as a follow-up to the temporarily successful Mongol invasions of Syria, primarily in 1260 and 1300. Following each of these inva...
Mongol raids into Palestine - Wikipedia
Tommaso Ugi di Siena
Tommaso Ugi di Siena was a 14th-century Italian adventurer, native of the city of Siena in Italy. He resided at the court of the Mongol Ilkhanid ruler Oljeitu in the Persian capital of Tabriz, where h...
Arghun
Arghun Khan aka Argon (Mongolian Cyrillic: Аргун хан) (c. 1258 – March 7, 1291) was the fourth ruler of the Mongol empire's Ilkhanate, from 1284 to 1291. He was the son of Abaqa Khan, and like h...
Arghun - Wikipedia
Fall of Ruad
The Fall of Ruad in 1302–3 was one of the culminating events of the Crusades in the Eastern Mediterranean. When the garrison on the tiny Isle of Ruad fell, it marked the loss of the last Crusader outp...
Fall of Ruad - Wikipedia
Safina-yi Tabriz
Safīna-yi Tabriz (Persian: سفینه تبریز‎, "[The] Vessel of Tabriz" or "[The] Treasury of Tabriz") is an important encyclopedic manuscript from 14th century Ilkhanid Iran compiled by Abu'l Majd Mu...
Safina-yi Tabriz - Wikipedia
Christianity among the Mongols
In modern times the Mongols are primarily Buddhist, but in previous eras, especially during the time of the Mongol empire (13th–14th centuries), they were primarily shamanist and had a substanti...
Christianity among the Mongols - Wikipedia