Income gap
Economic inequality refers to how economic metrics are distributed among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries. Economists generally think of three metrics of econom...
Income gap - Wikipedia
Understanding The Historic Divergence Between Productivity And A Typical Worker’s Pay: Why It Matters And Why It’s Real
The data series and methods we use to construct our graph of the growing gap between productivity and typical worker pay best capture how income generated in an average hour of work in the U.S. econom...
Historian Says Don't 'Sanitize' How Our Government Created Ghettos
Fifty years after the repeal of Jim Crow, many African-Americans still live in segregated ghettos in the country's metropolitan areas. Richard Rothstein, a research associate at the Economic Policy In...
Tax Policy and Economic Inequality in the United States
The provisions of the United States Internal Revenue Code regarding income taxes and estate taxes have undergone significant changes under both Republican and Democratic administrations and Congresses...
Tax Policy and Economic Inequality in the United States - Wikipedia
Kuznets curve
In economics, a Kuznets curve graphs the hypothesis that as an economy develops, market forces first increase and then decrease economic inequality. The hypothesis was first advanced by economist Sim...
Kuznets curve - Wikipedia
Wealth concentration
Wealth concentration is a process by which newly created wealth, under some conditions, can become concentrated in the possession of wealthy individuals or entities. Those who hold wealth have the mea...
Social cohesion
When discussing social groups, a group is said to be in a state of cohesion when its members possess bonds linking them to one another and to the group as a whole. Although cohesion is a multi-faceted...
The Spirit Level: Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better
The Spirit Level: Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better is a book by Richard G. Wilkinson and Kate Pickett, published in 2009 by Allen Lane. The book is published in the US by Bloomsbury Pr...
The Spirit Level: Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better - Wikipedia
Capability approach
The capability approach (also referred to as the capabilities approach) is an economic theory conceived in the 1980s as an approach to welfare economics. In this approach, Amartya Sen brings together ...
Capability approach - Wikipedia
Income tax in the United States
In the United States, a tax is imposed on income by the federal, most state, and many local governments. The income tax is determined by applying a tax rate, which may increase as income increases, to...
Income tax in the United States - Wikipedia
Gini coefficent
The Gini coefficient (also known as the Gini index or Gini ratio) (/dʒini/ jee-nee) is a measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income distribution of a nation's residents, and is...
Gini coefficent - Wikipedia
Wealth inequality in the United States
Wealth inequality in the United States (also known as the wealth gap) refers to the unequal distribution of assets among residents of the United States. Wealth includes the values of homes, automobile...
Wealth inequality in the United States - Wikipedia
Bush tax cuts
The phrase Bush tax cuts refers to changes to the United States tax code passed originally during the presidency of George W. Bush and extended during the presidency of Barack Obama, through:While eac...
Bush tax cuts - Wikipedia
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993
The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 (or OBRA-93) was a federal law that was enacted by the 103rd United States Congress and signed into law by President Bill Clinton. It has also been referr...
Tax Reform Act of 1986
The U.S. Congress passed the Tax Reform Act of 1986 (TRA) (Pub.L. 99–514, 100 Stat. 2085, enacted October 22, 1986) to simplify the income tax code, broaden the tax base and eliminate m...
Tax Reform Act of 1986 - Wikipedia
Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981
The Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 (Pub.L. 97–34), also known as the ERTA or "Kemp-Roth Tax Cut", was a federal law enacted in the United States in 1981. It was an act "to amend the Internal Revenu...
Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 - Wikipedia
Revenue Act of 1964
The United States Revenue Act of 1964 (Pub.L. 88–272), also known as the Tax Reduction Act, was a bipartisan tax cut bill signed by President Lyndon Johnson on February 26, 1964. Individual income tax...
Capital gains tax in the United States
In the United States of America, individuals and corporations pay U.S. federal income tax on the net total of all their capital gains just as they do on other sorts of income. "Long term" capital gain...
Capital gains tax in the United States - Wikipedia