Bernhard Bästlein
Bernhard Bästlein (December 3, 1894 in Hamburg – September 18, 1944 in Brandenburg an der Havel) was a German Communist and resistance fighter against the Nazi régime. He was imprisoned very shortly a...
Bernhard Bästlein - Wikipedia
List of Independent Social Democratic Party politicians
A list of notable politicians of the defunct Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany:
List of Independent Social Democratic Party politicians - Wikipedia
Heinrich Laufenberg
Heinrich Laufenberg (19 January 1872 – 3 February 1932) was a leading German communist and was one of the first to develop the idea of National Bolshevism. Laufenberg was a history academic by profess...
Erich Knauf
Erich Knauf (21 February 1895 - 2 May 1944) was a German journalist, writer, and songwriter. He was executed for making jokes about the Nazi regime.
Knauf was born in Meerane, Saxony, the son of a...
Erich Knauf - Wikipedia
Rudolf Hilferding
Rudolf Hilferding (10 August 1877 – 11 February 1941) was an Austrian-born Marxist economist, leading socialist theorist, politician and chief theoretician for the Social Democratic Party of Germany (...
Rudolf Hilferding - Wikipedia
Anton Grylewicz
Anton Grylewicz (8 January 1885 - 2 August 1971) was a German communist politician.
Grylewicz was born into a working-class family in Berlin, where he finished school and was apprenticed as a lock...
Otto Grotewohl
Otto Grotewohl ([ˈɔtoː ˈɡʁoːtəvoːl]; 11 March 1894 – 23 September 1964) was a German politician and the first prime minister of the German Democratic Republic from 1949 until his death in 1964.
Gr...
Otto Grotewohl - Wikipedia
Karl Artelt
Karl Artelt (31 December 1890 - 28 September 1981) was a German revolutionary and a leader of the sailors' revolt in Kiel.
Karl Artelt was born on 31 December 1890 in the German village of Salbke,...
Karl Artelt - Wikipedia
August Thalheimer
August Thalheimer (1884–1948) was a German Marxist activist and theoretician.
August Thalheimer was born 18 March 1884 in Affaltrach, now called Obersulm, Württemberg, Germany.Thalheimer was a me...
Ernst Goldenbaum
Ernst Goldenbaum (15 December 1898, Parchim, Mecklenburg-Schwerin – 13 March 1990) was an East German politician.
Goldenbaum was born in Parchim. During World War I he served in the military...
Ernst Goldenbaum - Wikipedia
Clara Zetkin
Clara Zetkin (née Eissner; 5 July 1857 – 20 June 1933) was a German Marxist theorist, activist, and advocate for women's rights. In 1911, she organized the first International Women's Day.Until 1917,...
Clara Zetkin - Wikipedia
Karl Aderhold
Karl Aderhold (30 June 1884, Stolberg, Saxony-Anhalt – 20 June 1921 Hanover) was a German politician. He represented the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany.The son of a miner, he came from...
Leo Jogiches
Leo(n) Jogiches (17 June 1867 – 10 March 1919), also known by his party name of Leon Tyszka (Tyska, Tyshko, Tyshka) was a Marxist revolutionary active in Lithuania, Poland, and Germany.
Jogi...
Leo Jogiches - Wikipedia
Hermann Brill
Dr. Hermann Louis Brill (February 9, 1895 – June 22, 1959) was a German doctor of law and a politician (SPD).
Brill was born in the small town of Gräfenroda, Thuringia on February 9, 1895 as the s...
Hermann Brill - Wikipedia
Emil Barth
Emil Barth (Heidelberg, 23 April 1879 - Berlin, 17 July 1941) was a German Social Democratic metal worker who became a key figure in the German Revolution of 1918. Barth joined the anti-war Independen...
Emil Eichhorn
Emil Eichhorn (9 October 1863 - 26 July 1925) was a USPD politician and Chief of the Berlin Police during the 1918-1919 German Revolution.Eichhorn was born in Röhrsdorf near Chemnitz in October 1863 a...
Emil Eichhorn - Wikipedia
Johannes R. Becher
Johannes Robert Becher (May 22, 1891 in Munich – October 11, 1958 in East Berlin) was a German politician, novelist, and poet. He was affiliated with the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) before World ...
Johannes R. Becher - Wikipedia
Ernst Niekisch
Ernst Niekisch (23 May 1889 – 23 May 1967) was a German politician. Initially associated with mainstream left-wing politics he later became a prominent exponent of National Bolshevism.
Born ...
Rosa Luxemburg
Rosa Luxemburg (also Rozalia Luxenburg; Polish: Róża Luksemburg; 5 March 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and revolutionary socialist of Polish-Jewish descent...
Rosa Luxemburg - Wikipedia
Lore Agnes
Lore Agnes (June 4, 1876, Bochum, Westphalia – June 9, 1953, Cologne) was a German politician. A house-wife from Düsseldorf, Agnes was a leading figure in the Social Democratic Party of Germany (...
Lore Agnes - Wikipedia
Kiel mutiny
The Kiel mutiny was a major revolt by sailors of the German High Seas Fleet on 3 November 1918. The revolt triggered the German revolution which was to sweep aside the monarchy within a few days. It u...
Kiel mutiny - Wikipedia
Ernst Schwarz (politician)
Ernst Schwarz (born 28 January 1886 in Landsberg an der Warthe, Brandenburg; died May 29, 1958 in Twickenham), was a Communist politician.After attending high school, first in his hometown and then in...
Kurt Eisner
Kurt Eisner (14 May 1867 – 21 February 1919) was a German politician and journalist. As a socialist journalist and statesman, he organized the Socialist Revolution that overthrew the Wi...
Kurt Eisner - Wikipedia
Max Fechner
Max Fechner (27 July 1892  – 13 September 1973) was a German politician who served as Minister of Justice of East Germany from 1949 to 1953.
Fechner was born in Berlin and was a trained tool ...
Max Fechner - Wikipedia
Bernhard Reichenbach
Bernhard Reichenbach (1888 in Berlin – 1975 in London) was a member of the Executive Committee of the Communist International. He was a member of the Communist Workers' Party of Germany and acted as t...
Rudolf Leonhard
Rudolf Leonhard (27 October 1889, in Lissa, German Empire (today Leszno, Poland) – 19 December 1953, in East Berlin) was a German author and communist activist.
Leonhard came from a family of lawy...
Rudolf Leonhard - Wikipedia
Eduard Bernstein
Eduard Bernstein (6 January 1850 – 18 December 1932) was a German social democratic political theorist and politician, a member of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), and the founder of ...
Eduard Bernstein - Wikipedia
Karl Schneider (activist)
Karl Schneider (27 June 1869 – 5 November 1940) was a German ophthalmologist, pacifist and resistance fighter against Nazism.
Schneider was born to Catholic and liberal parents in Ettenheim....
Friedrich Wolf (writer)
Friedrich Wolf (December 23, 1888 – October 5, 1953) was a German doctor and a politically engaged writer who at one stage, from 1949–51, served as his young country's first ambassador to Poland.
...
Friedrich Wolf (writer) - Wikipedia
Eugen Levine
Eugen Leviné (Russian: Евгений Левине) (born May 10, 1883 – July 5, 1919) was a communist revolutionary and leader of the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic.
Leviné was born in St. Petersbur...
Eugen Levine - Wikipedia