Indigenous American philosophy
Indigenous American philosophy is the philosophy of the Indigenous people of the Americas.An indigenous philosopher is an indigenous person or associate who practices philosophy and has a vast knowled...
Animism
Animism (from Latin animus "soul, life") is the worldview that non-human entities (animals, plants, and inanimate objects or phenomena) possess a spiritual essence.Animism is used in the anthropology ...
Animism - Wikipedia
Bwiti
Bwiti is a spiritual discipline of the forest-dwelling Babongo and Mitsogo peoples of Gabon (where it is recognized as one of three official religions) and by the Fang people of Gabon and Cameroon. Mo...
Anthropology of religion
Anthropology of religion is the study of religion in relation to other social institutions, and the comparison of religious beliefs and practices across cultures. Modern anthropology teaches that ther...
Celtic nature worship
According to classical sources, the ancient Celts were animists. They honoured the forces of nature, saw the world as inhabited by many spirits, and saw the Divine manifesting in aspects of the natura...
Celtic nature worship - Wikipedia
Guillermo Arévalo
Guillermo Arévalo Valera is a Shipibo curandero or healer of the Peruvian Amazon with 35+ years experience. Among the Shipibo-Conibo, he is known by his Shipibo name Ketsenbetsa, which means ‘echo of ...
Winona LaDuke
Winona LaDuke (born 1959) (Ojibwe) is a Native American activist, environmentalist, economist, and writer, known for her work on tribal land claims and preservation, as well as sustainable development...
Winona LaDuke - Wikipedia
Midewiwin
The Midewiwin (also spelled Midewin and Medewiwin) or the Grand Medicine Society is a secretive religion of the Indians of the Maritimes, New England and Great Lakes regions in North America. Its pra...
Midewiwin - Wikipedia
Hantu Raya
Hantu Raya in early Malay animism, refers to a supreme ghost or demon that acts as a double for a black magic practitioner. Like the Toyol it has a master. In Malay folklore, it is a spirit which is s...
Vegetalismo
Vegetalismo is a term used to refer to a practice of mestizo shamanism in the Amazonic provinces of Peru in which the shamans – known as vegetalistas – gain their knowledge and power to cure...
Siqqitiq
Siqqitiq (meaning transforming one's life, more specifically adopting Christianity) is the ritual of converting Inuit with shamanist beliefs to Christianity. This is usually accompanied by ritualistic...
Siqqitiq - Wikipedia
Shamanism among Alaska Natives
Alaskan Natives have a special connection to the land around them, and a kinship with the animals with whom they share that land. Before the introduction of western culture and the religions that are...
Shamanism among Alaska Natives - Wikipedia
Folk Hinduism
Folk religion, sometimes also termed popular belief, consists of ethnic or regional religious customs under the umbrella of a religion, but outside of official doctrine and practices. Folk religion ha...
Pelesit
Pelesit is a Malay term for an inherited spirit or demon which serves a master. It is found in early Malay animism.
The Pelesit is reared by a woman as a shield for protection, guidance, and most ...
Creature worship
In contrast with worship of a Creator deity, the theological term creature worship refers unflatteringly to veneration of that which is created.Creature worship may include:Less frequently, creature w...
Tonal (mythology)
Tonal (To nal) is a concept within the study of Mesoamerican religion, myth, folklore and anthropology. It refers to the belief found in many indigenous Mesoamerican cultures that a person upon being ...
Ijun
Ijun (いじゅん) is a Shinto-derived religion founded by Takayasu Ryūsen (1934-) in Okinawa. This modern religion started in 1972 and in 1980 became registered under the Religious Corporations Law (Sh...
Yachay
Yachay is a special type of phlegm generated by shamans and sorcerers of the Peruvian Amazon Basin which is believed to contain the essence of their power in the form of virotes, tsentsak, darts, arro...
Machi (shaman)
A machi is a traditional healer and religious leader in the Mapuche culture of Chile and Argentina. Machis play significant roles in Mapuche religion. Women are more commonly machis than men.
As...
Machi (shaman) - Wikipedia
Soulcatcher
A Soulcatcher (Haboolm Ksinaalgat, 'keeper of breath') is an amulet (Aatxasxw) used by the shaman (Halayt) of the Pacific Northwest Coast of British Columbia and Alaska. It is believed that all soulc...
Soulcatcher - Wikipedia
Kaharingan
Kaharingan is a folk religion professed by many Dayaks in Kalimantan, Indonesia.The word means life, and this belief system includes a concept of a supreme deity—although this may be the result of th...
Wildlife totemization
A totem is a spirit being, sacred object, or symbol that serves as an emblem of a group of people, such as a family, clan, lineage, or tribe. The totemic symbol may serve as a reminder of the kin grou...
Medicine man
A medicine man or medicine woman is a traditional healer and spiritual leader among American Indians (the Native Americans in the United States and the First Nations in Canada). The terms are also use...
Medicine man - Wikipedia
Sunda Wiwitan
Sunda Wiwitan (Sundanese: "early Sunda", "real Sunda", or "original Sunda") is a religious belief system of traditional Sundanese. It venerates the power of nature and the spirit of ancestors (animism...
Angakkuq
The angakkuq (Inuktitut: ᐊᖓᑦᑯᖅ, angakkuit; Inuvialuktun: angatkuq; Greenlandic: angakok, angákut) is the intellectual and spiritual figure among the Inuit who corresponds to a shaman. Other ...
Mazatec shamanism
The Mazatec Shamans are known for their ritual use of psilocybin mushrooms, psychoactive morning glory seeds, and Salvia divinorum. María Sabina was one of the best known of the Mazatec Shamans. There...
Bori religion
Hausa animism or Bori is an African traditional religion of the Hausa people of West Africa which involves spiritual possession.
Bòòríí is a Hausa noun, meaning the spiritual force which resides i...
Psychology of religion
Psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to religious traditions, as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals. The science a...