Cariban languages
The Cariban languages are an indigenous language family of South America. They are widespread across northernmost South America, from the mouth of the Amazon River to the Colombian Andes, but also ap...
Cariban languages - Wikipedia
Yanomaman languages
Yanomaman (also Yanomam, Yanomáman, Yamomámi, Yanomamana, Shamatari, Shirianan) is a language family spoken by about 20,000 Yanomami people in southern Venezuela and northwestern Brazil (Roraima, Amaz...
Yanomaman languages - Wikipedia
Juma language (Carib)
Juma is an extinct and poorly attested Cariban language. Kaufman (2007) placed it in his Arara branch.
Juma language (Carib) - Wikipedia
Waiká language
Waiká, also Yanomámi or Yãroamë, is the most populous of several closely related languages spoken by the Yanomami people in Brazil. Most speakers are monolingual. For a grammatical description, see Ya...
Panare language
Panare is a Cariban language, spoken by approximately 3,000–4,000 people in Bolivar State in southern Venezuela. Their main area is South of the town of Caicara del Orinoco, south of the Orinoco River...
Tiriyó language
The Tiriyó language (also known as Trio, autonym tarëno), is spoken by approximately 2,000 people living in several villages on both sides of the Brazil-Suriname border in Northern Amazonia. It is a r...
Sapará language
Sapará is an extinct and poorly attested Cariban language. Kaufman (2007) placed it in his Pawishiana branch.
Yukpa language
Yukpa (Yuco, Yucpa, Yuko, Yupa) is a Cariban language, spoken by 7,000–8,000 people in Zulia State in Venezuela and across the border in Colombia. It's also known as Carib Motilón, Macoíta, Northern M...
Akurio language
Akuriyó is a nearly extinct Cariban language of Suriname. Contact with the Akurio people was made by non-natives in 1969.
Opón language
Opon (Opone) was an unusually divergent Cariban language of Colombia.
Opón language - Wikipedia
Pawishiana language
Pawishiana (Pauixiana) is an extinct Cariban language.
Wajumará language
Wajumará is an extinct and poorly attested Cariban language. Kaufman (2007) placed it in his Makiritare branch.
Purukotó language
Purukotó (Purucotó) is an extinct and poorly attested Cariban language. Kaufman (2007) placed it in his Pemong branch.
Ikpeng language
Txikão (Chikaon), or Ikpeng, is a Cariban language of Brazil.
Amonap language
Amonap, AKA Apalakiri or Kuikúro-Kalapálo or Matipuy, is a Cariban language spoken by the Kuikuro and Kalapalo peoples of Brazil.
Yao language (Trinidad)
Yao (Jaoi, Yaoi, Yaio, Anacaioury) is an extinct Cariban language of Trinidad and French Guiana, attested in a single 1640 word list recorded by Joannes de Laet. It is thought that the Yao people migr...
Carijona language
Carijona (Karihona) is a Cariban language, or probably a pair of languages, of Colombia. Derbyshire (1999) lists the varieties Hianacoto-Umaua and Carijona proper as separate languages.
Ye'kuana language
Maquiritari, AKA Dekwana or Ye'kuana, is a Cariban language of Venezuela, with a few hundred speakers in Brazil.
Waimiri-Atroarí language
Atruahí is a Cariban language of Brazil. The people were contacted by the Waiwai in 1968.
Sanumá language
Sanumá /ˈsænʊmə/ is a Yanomam language spoken in Venezuela and Brazil. It is also known as Sanema, Sanima, Tsanuma, Guaika, Samatari, Samatali, Xamatari and Chirichano. Most of its speakers in Venezu...
Palmela language
Palmela is an extinct and poorly attested Cariban language. Kaufman (2007) notes that it was phonologically divergent.
Palmela language - Wikipedia
Je–Tupi–Carib languages
Je–Tupi–Carib ("Katuje") is a proposed language family composed of the Macro-Je (or Macro-Gê), Tupian and Cariban languages of South America. Rodrigues (2000) finds evidence relating Macro-Je to Tupi...
Je–Tupi–Carib languages - Wikipedia
Bakairi language
Bakairí (Bacairí) is a Cariban language of Brazil.
Yanam language
Yanam, or Ninam, is a Yanomaman language spoken in Roraima, Brazil (800 speakers) and southern Venezuela near the Mucajai, upper Uraricáa, and Paragua rivers.
Yanam is also known by the following ...
Yanam language - Wikipedia
Sikiana language
Sikiana, or Kashuyana, is a Carib language that was spoken by 33 people in Brazil and 15 people in Suriname. It was spoken in Venezuela at one time and is now probably extinct there. The Warikyana di...
Salumá language
Salumá is a Carib language of Brazil.
Arakajú language
Arakajú (Aracajú) is an extinct and poorly attested Cariban language. Kaufman (2007) placed it in his Wayana branch.
Tamanaku language
Tamanaku (Tamañkú) is an extinct Cariban language of Venezuela.
Macushi language
Macushi is the most populous of the Cariban languages, spoken by 30,000 in Brazil and Guyana. It is also spelled Makushi, Makusi, Makuxi, Macusi, Macussi, and also known as Teweya (Teueia). Abbot 1991...
Pimenteira language
Pimenteira is an extinct and poorly attested Cariban language.