Indo-European languages
The Indo-European languages are a family of several hundred related languages and dialects. There are about 445 Indo-European languages and dialects, according to the estimate by Ethnologue, with over...
Indo-European languages - Wikipedia
DNA Reveals The Origins Of Modern Europeans
Now we have another layer of information to help us reveal the history of European peoples: DNA sequencing. Along with our colleagues, we have been using genome sequencing technology to analyse the va...
List of languages by first written accounts
This is a list of languages arranged by the approximate dates of the oldest existing texts recording a complete sentence in the language. It does not include undeciphered scripts, though there are va...
List of languages by first written accounts - Wikipedia
Language families
A language family is a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestor, called the proto-language of that family. The term 'family' reflects the tree model of language origination in...
Language change
Language change is variation over time in a language's phonetic, morphological, semantic, syntactic, and other features.
Centum-satem isogloss
The centum–satem division is one of many isoglosses of the Indo-European language family, related to the different evolution of the three dorsal consonant rows of the mainstream reconstruction of Prot...
Centum-satem isogloss - Wikipedia
Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture
The Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture (abbreviation: EIEC) is an encyclopedia of Indo-European studies and the Proto-Indo-Europeans. The encyclopedia was edited by J. P. Mallory and Douglas Q. Ada...
Proto-Indo-European religion
Proto-Indo-European religion is not directly attested, but reconstruction has been attempted based on the existence of similarities among the deities, religious practices and mythologies of the Indo-E...
Indo-European studies
Indo-European studies or Indo-German studies (German: Indogermanistik) is a field of linguistics and an interdisciplinary field of study dealing with Indo-European languages, both current and exti...
Kurgans
Kurgan (Russian: курга́н) is the Russian word (of Tatar (Turkic) origin) for tumulus, a type of burial mound or barrow, heaped over a burial chamber, often of wood. These are mounds of earth and s...
Kurgans - Wikipedia
Albanian language
Albanian (shqip [ʃcip] or gjuha shqipe [ˈɟuha ˈʃcipɛ], meaning Albanian language) is an Indo-European language spoken by approximately 7.6 million people, primarily in Albania, Kosovo, the Republic of...
Anatolian languages
The Anatolian languages are a family of extinct Indo-European languages that were spoken in Asia Minor (ancient Anatolia), the best attested of them being the Hittite language.
Considering the rel...
Anatolian languages - Wikipedia
Armenian language
The Armenian language (classical: հայերէն; reformed: հայերեն [hɑjɛˈɾɛn] hayeren) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenians. It is the official language of the Republic of Armenia and the se...
Armenian language - Wikipedia
Balto-Slavic languages
The Balto-Slavic language group traditionally comprises the Baltic and Slavic languages, belonging to the Indo-European family of languages. Baltic and Slavic languages share several linguistic traits...
Balto-Slavic languages - Wikipedia
Celtic languages
The Celtic languages (usually pronounced /ˈkɛltɪk/ but sometimes /ˈsɛltɪk/) are descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family. The term "Celtic...
Dacian language
The extinct Dacian language developed from Proto-Indo-European (PIE), possibly in the Carpathian region sometime in the period 3000–1500 BC. The language was probably extinct by AD 600. In the 1st cen...
Dacian language - Wikipedia
Germanic languages
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of approximately 500 million people mainly in North America, Oceania, Western and Northern Euro...
Germanic languages - Wikipedia
Greek language
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά [eliniˈka], elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα [eliniˈci ˈɣlosa], ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, na...
Greek language - Wikipedia
Hittite language
Hittite (natively nešili "[in the language] of Neša"), also known as Nesite and Neshite, is the extinct language once spoken by the Hittites, an Indo-European people who created an empire centred on...
Indo-Iranian languages
The Indo-Iranian languages, also called the Indo-Iranic languages, and known in older literature as the Aryan languages, constitute the largest and easternmost extant branch of the Indo-European langu...