Industrial ecology
Industrial ecology (IE) is the study of material and energy flows through industrial systems. The global industrial economy can be modeled as a network of industrial processes that extract resources ...
Industrial ecology - Wikipedia
Global Green Economy Hits $6.2 Trillion - Climate Action Programme
$6.22 trillion has been invested since 2007 in the global green economy, according to new research. The green investment media service Ethical Markets published its latest Green Transition Scoreboard ...
History of Industrial Ecology
The birth of industrial ecology is commonly attributed to an article devoted to industrial ecosystems, written by Frosch and Gallopoulos, which appeared in a 1989 special issue of Scientific American,...
Global Green Economy Hits $6.2 Trillion - Climate Action Programme
$6.22 trillion has been invested since 2007 in the global green economy, according to new research. The green investment media service Ethical Markets published its latest Green Transition Scoreboard ...
Anthropogenic metabolism
"Anthropogenic metabolism" is a term used in material flow analysis and waste management that emphasizes the "thousands of goods and substances necessary to sustain modern life". Indeed, today's man-m...
Ecological economics
Ecological economics/eco-economics refers to both a transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary field of academic research that aims to address the interdependence and coevolution of human economies and ...
Ecological economics - Wikipedia
Frugality
Frugality is the quality of being frugal, sparing, thrifty, prudent or economical in the consumption of consumable resources such as food, time or money, and avoiding waste, lavishness or extravagance...
Eco-efficiency
Over the years, as countries and regions around the world began to develop, it slowly became evident that industrialization and economic growth come hand in hand with environmental degradation. Eco-Ef...
Thermoeconomics
Thermoeconomics, also referred to as biophysical economics, is a school of heterodox economics that applies the laws of thermodynamics to economic theory. The term "thermoeconomics" was coined in 196...
Material flow management
Material flow management (MFM) is a method of efficiently managing materials.Material flow management is the goal oriented, efficient use of materials, material streams and energy. The goals are given...
Value of Earth
In green economics, value of Earth is the ultimate in ecosystem valuation, and important to value of life calculations. It begins with the simple problem that if the Earth ceases to support life, and ...
Missing market
A missing market is a situation in microeconomics where a competitive market allowing the exchange of a commodity would be Pareto-efficient, but no such market exists.
A variety of factors can lea...
Design for the Environment
Design for the Environment Program (DfE) is a United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) program, created in 1992, that works to prevent pollution, and the risk pollution presents to humans a...
Design for the Environment - Wikipedia
Primary energy
Primary energy is an energy form found in nature that has not been subjected to any conversion or transformation process. It is energy contained in raw fuels, and other forms of energy received as inp...
Primary energy - Wikipedia
Avoided burden
Avoided burden is an approach used in Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), especially in the context of allocating environmental burden in the presence of recycling or reuse. When determining the overall envi...
Pollution prevention
Pollution prevention reduces the amount of pollution generated by a process, whether it is consumer consumption, driving, or industrial production. In contrast to most pollution control strategies, wh...
Material flow
Material flow (MF) is the description of the transportation of raw materials, pre-fabricates, parts, components, integrated objects and finally products as a flow of entities. The term applies mainly ...
Eco-costs value ratio
The EVR model is a Life Cycle Assessment based method to analyse consumption patterns, business strategies and design options in terms of eco-efficient value creation. Next to this it is used to compa...
Eco-costs value ratio - Wikipedia
Industrial metabolism
Industrial metabolism was first proposed by Robert Ayres as "the whole integrated collection of physical processes that convert raw materials and energy, plus labour, into finished products and wastes...
Human Development Index
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income indices used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. It was created by Indian econo...
Human Development Index - Wikipedia
Extended producer responsibility
In the field of waste management, extended producer responsibility (EPR) is a strategy designed to promote the integration of environmental costs associated with goods throughout their life cycles int...
Extended producer responsibility - Wikipedia
Eco-investing
Eco-investing or green investing, is a form of socially responsible investing where investments are made in companies that support or provide environmentally friendly products and practices. These com...
Material flow accounting
Material flow accounting (MFA) is the study of material flows on a national or regional scale. It is therefore sometimes also referred to as regional, national or economy-wide material flow analysis.<...
Material flow accounting - Wikipedia
Downshifting
Downshifting is a social behavior or trend in which individuals live simpler lives to escape from the rat race of obsessive materialism and to reduce the “stress, overtime, and psychological expense t...
EcoPark (Hong Kong)
EcoPark (Chinese: 環保園) located in Tuen Mun Area 38, on west side of Hong Kong, is similar to an industrial park exclusively for waste recycling and environmental engineering. This is the first of its...
Externality
In economics, an externality is the cost or benefit that affects a party who did not choose to incur that cost or benefit.For example, manufacturing activities that cause air pollution impose health ...
Externality - Wikipedia
Dematerialization
Dematerialization may refer to: