Industrial ecology
Industrial ecology (IE) is the study of material and energy flows through industrial systems. The global industrial economy can be modeled as a network of industrial processes that extract resources ...
Industrial ecology - Wikipedia
Global Green Economy Hits $6.2 Trillion - Climate Action Programme
$6.22 trillion has been invested since 2007 in the global green economy, according to new research. The green investment media service Ethical Markets published its latest Green Transition Scoreboard ...
History of Industrial Ecology
The birth of industrial ecology is commonly attributed to an article devoted to industrial ecosystems, written by Frosch and Gallopoulos, which appeared in a 1989 special issue of Scientific American,...
Ecological modernization
Ecological modernization is an optimistic school of thought in the social sciences that argues that the economy benefits from moves towards environmentalism. It has gained increasing attention among s...
Green computing
Green computing, Green ICT as per IFG International Federation of Green ICT and IFG Standard, green IT, or ICT sustainability, is the study and practice of environmentally sustainable computing or IT....
Global Green Economy Hits $6.2 Trillion - Climate Action Programme
$6.22 trillion has been invested since 2007 in the global green economy, according to new research. The green investment media service Ethical Markets published its latest Green Transition Scoreboard ...
Downshifting
Downshifting is a social behavior or trend in which individuals live simpler lives to escape from the rat race of obsessive materialism and to reduce the “stress, overtime, and psychological expense t...
Rebound effect (conservation)
In conservation and energy economics, the rebound effect (or take-back effect) is the reduction in expected gains from new technologies that increase the efficiency of resource use, because of behavio...
Rebound effect (conservation) - Wikipedia
Industrial symbiosis
Industrial symbiosis is the sharing of services, utility, and by-product resources among industries in order to add value, reduce costs and improve the environment. Industrial symbiosis is a subset of...
Industrial symbiosis - Wikipedia
Cleaner production
Cleaner production is a preventive, company-specific environmental protection initiative. It is intended to minimize waste and emissions and maximize product output. By analysing the flow of materia...
Ecological economics
Ecological economics/eco-economics refers to both a transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary field of academic research that aims to address the interdependence and coevolution of human economies and ...
Ecological economics - Wikipedia
Frugality
Frugality is the quality of being frugal, sparing, thrifty, prudent or economical in the consumption of consumable resources such as food, time or money, and avoiding waste, lavishness or extravagance...
Eco-efficiency
Over the years, as countries and regions around the world began to develop, it slowly became evident that industrialization and economic growth come hand in hand with environmental degradation. Eco-Ef...
Thermoeconomics
Thermoeconomics, also referred to as biophysical economics, is a school of heterodox economics that applies the laws of thermodynamics to economic theory. The term "thermoeconomics" was coined in 196...
Power usage effectiveness
Power usage effectiveness (PUE) is a measure of how efficiently a computer data center uses energy; specifically, how much energy is used by the computing equipment (in contrast to cooling and other o...
Eco-costs
Eco-costs are a measure to express the amount of environmental burden of a product on the basis of prevention of that burden. They are the costs which should be made to reduce the environmental pollut...
Eco-costs - Wikipedia
Material flow management
Material flow management (MFM) is a method of efficiently managing materials.Material flow management is the goal oriented, efficient use of materials, material streams and energy. The goals are given...
Value of Earth
In green economics, value of Earth is the ultimate in ecosystem valuation, and important to value of life calculations. It begins with the simple problem that if the Earth ceases to support life, and ...
Missing market
A missing market is a situation in microeconomics where a competitive market allowing the exchange of a commodity would be Pareto-efficient, but no such market exists.
A variety of factors can lea...
Design for the Environment
Design for the Environment Program (DfE) is a United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) program, created in 1992, that works to prevent pollution, and the risk pollution presents to humans a...
Design for the Environment - Wikipedia
Source reduction
Source reduction is activities designed to reduce the volume or toxicity of waste generated, including the design and manufacture of products with minimum toxic content, minimum volume of material, an...
Alternative fuel vehicle
An alternative fuel vehicle is a vehicle that runs on a fuel other than "traditional" petroleum fuels (petrol or diesel); and also refers to any technology of powering an engine that does not involve ...
Alternative fuel vehicle - Wikipedia
Primary energy
Primary energy is an energy form found in nature that has not been subjected to any conversion or transformation process. It is energy contained in raw fuels, and other forms of energy received as inp...
Primary energy - Wikipedia
Pollution prevention
Pollution prevention reduces the amount of pollution generated by a process, whether it is consumer consumption, driving, or industrial production. In contrast to most pollution control strategies, wh...
Material flow
Material flow (MF) is the description of the transportation of raw materials, pre-fabricates, parts, components, integrated objects and finally products as a flow of entities. The term applies mainly ...
European Pathway to Zero Waste
European Pathway to Zero Waste is an EU demonstration project part funded by The LIFE Programme (LIFE+), the EU’s funding instrument for the environment and is a partnership between the Environment Ag...
Human Development Index
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income indices used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. It was created by Indian econo...
Human Development Index - Wikipedia
Extended producer responsibility
In the field of waste management, extended producer responsibility (EPR) is a strategy designed to promote the integration of environmental costs associated with goods throughout their life cycles int...
Extended producer responsibility - Wikipedia