Information warfare
The term Information Warfare (IW) is primarily a United States Military concept involving the use and management of information and communication technology in pursuit of a competitive advantage over ...
Internet Water Army
On the Internet in the People's Republic of China, an Internet Water Army or Wangluo shuijun (simplified Chinese: 网络水军; traditional Chinese: 網絡水軍; pinyin: Wǎngluò shuǐjūn; Wade–Giles: ...
Information war during the Russia–Georgia war
The Russo-Georgian War included an extensive information war.
The Russian military attempted a few new steps to support an information campaign. Russian journalists were brought along with the Rus...
Information war during the Russia–Georgia war - Wikipedia
Operation Cornflakes
Operation Cornflakes was a World War II Office of Strategic Services PSYOP mission in 1944 and 1945 which involved tricking the German postal service Deutsche Reichspost into inadvertently delivering...
Operation Cornflakes - Wikipedia
Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America
The Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America, or CAMERA, is an American non-profit pro-Israel media-monitoring, research and membership organization. According to its website, CAMERA...
Ntrepid
Ntrepid is an American software, hardware, and cyber security company, registered in Florida and based in Herndon, Virginia.
In 2008, the Anonymizer company was acquired by the Abraxas Corporation...
Sockpuppet (Internet)
A sockpuppet is an online identity used for purposes of deception. The term, a reference to the manipulation of a simple hand puppet made from a sock, originally referred to a false identity assumed b...
50 Cent Party
The 50 Cent Party (Chinese: 五毛党 wǔmáo dǎng) are Internet commentators (Chinese: 网络评论员 wǎngluò pínglùn yuán) hired by the government of the People's Republic of China (both local and central) o...
Manufactured controversy
A manufactured controversy, sometimes shortened into the portmanteau manufactroversy, is a contrived controversy, typically motivated by profit or ideology, designed to create public confusion concern...
Operation Earnest Voice
Operation Earnest Voice is a planned astroturfing campaign by the US government. The aim of the initiative is to use sockpuppets to spread pro-American propaganda on social networking sites based out...
Web brigades
The web brigades (Russian: Веб-бригады) are alleged state-sponsored Internet sockpuppetry groups linked to the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation. They are purported to be teams of...
Web brigades - Wikipedia
State-sponsored Internet sockpuppetry
State-sponsored internet sockpuppetry is a government's use of sockpuppets with the intention of swaying online opinion, undermining dissident communities, or changing the perception of what is the do...
State-sponsored Internet sockpuppetry - Wikipedia