Ion Antonescu
Ion Victor Antonescu ([iˈon antoˈnesku]; June 15, 1882 – June 1, 1946) was a Romanian soldier and authoritarian politician who was convicted of war crimes. The Prime Minister and Conducător during mos...
Ion Antonescu - Wikipedia
King Michael's Coup
King Michael's Coup was a coup d'état led by King Michael of Romania during World War II on 23 August 1944. The king removed the government of Ion Antonescu, which had aligned Romania with Nazi German...
King Michael's Coup - Wikipedia
Holocaust in Romania
Historians differ as to where the responsibility for the Holocaust lies. Intentionalist historians such as Lucy Dawidowicz argue that Adolf Hitler planned the extermination of the Jewish people from a...
Holocaust in Romania - Wikipedia
Holocaust in Ukraine
The Holocaust in Ukraine took place during the occupation of Ukraine by Nazi Germany. Between 1941 and 1945, approximately 3,000,000 Ukrainian and other non-Jewish victims were killed as part of Nazi ...
Holocaust in Ukraine - Wikipedia
Iasi pogrom
The Iași pogrom or Jassy pogrom of June 27, 1941 was one of the most violent pogroms in Jewish history, launched by governmental forces in the Romanian city of Iaşi (Jassy) against its Jewish populati...
Iasi pogrom - Wikipedia
Transnistria (World War II)
The Transnistria Governorate (Romanian: Guvernământul Transnistriei) was a Romanian-administered territory, conquered by the Axis Powers from the Soviet Union during Operation Barbarossa and occup...
Transnistria (World War II) - Wikipedia
1941 Odessa massacre
30°43′59″E / 46.466°N 30.733°E / 46.466; 30.733The Odessa massacre is the name given to the mass murder of Jews in Odessa and surrounding towns in Transnistria during the autu...
1941 Odessa massacre - Wikipedia
Wiesel Commission
The Wiesel Commission is the International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania, which was established by former President Ion Iliescu in October 2003 to research and create a report on the actual h...
Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen (German for "task forces", "deployment groups"; singular Einsatzgruppe; official full name Einsatzgruppen der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD) were Schutzstaffel (SS) paramilitary death s...
Einsatzgruppen - Wikipedia
Mass graves in the Soviet Union
Mass graves in the Soviet Union were used for the burial of mass numbers of citizens and foreigners executed by the government. The government of the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin murdered many of ...
Iaşi pogrom
The Iași pogrom or Jassy pogrom of June 27, 1941 was one of the most violent pogroms in Jewish history, launched by governmental forces in the Romanian city of Iaşi (Jassy) against its Jewish populati...
Iaşi pogrom - Wikipedia
Romania during World War II
Following the outbreak of World War II on 1 September 1939, the Kingdom of Romania under King Carol II officially adopted a position of neutrality. However, the rapidly changing situation in Europe du...
Romania during World War II - Wikipedia
Pogroms in Ukraine
It is estimated that one third of Europe's Jews lived in Ukraine, which from 1791 to 1917 partly belonged to the Pale of Settlement. The concentration of Jews in this region made them an easy target f...
Pogroms in Ukraine - Wikipedia
List of Hasidic dynasties
A Hasidic dynasty is a dynasty led by Hasidic Jewish spiritual leaders known as rebbes, and usually has some or all of the following characteristics:A Hasidic group has the following characteristics:<...
Generalplan Ost
The Generalplan Ost (Master Plan East, GPO) was a secret Nazi German plan for the colonization of Central and Eastern Europe. Implementation would have necessitated genocide and ethnic cleansing on a ...
Generalplan Ost - Wikipedia
History of the Russo-Turkish wars
The Russo-Turkish wars were a series of wars fought between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire between the 16th and 20th centuries. It was one of the longest series of conflicts in European his...
History of the Russo-Turkish wars - Wikipedia