Iran-Iraq relations
Iran–Iraq relations (Persian:روابط ایران و عراق ; Arabic:العلاقات العراقية الإيرانية) extend for millennia into the past. The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Iraq share a long border...
Iran-Iraq relations - Wikipedia
Cataphracts: Armored Warriors and their Horses of War
By the 7th and 8th centuries B.C., the role of the chariot in battle was gradually being replaced by cavalry units in the Near East. Some were armed lightly and were used to harass the enemy from afar...
Elam
Elam was an ancient civilization located in what is now southwest Iran. Elam was centered in the far west and the southwest of modern-day Iran, stretching fr...
Seleucid Empire
The song is Λιανοτράγουδο - Lianotragoudo from Eleftheria Arvanitaki (ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΑ ΑΡΒΑΝΙΤΑΚΗ). After Alexander the Great conquered Northern India, defeating Po...
Akkadian Empire
44°6′E / 33.100°N 44.100°E / 33.100; 44.100 The Akkadian Empire /əˈkeɪdiən/ was an ancient Semitic empire centered in the city of Akkad /ˈækæd/ and its surrounding reg...
Akkadian Empire - Wikipedia
Third Dynasty of Ur
The Third Dynasty of Ur, also known as the Neo-Sumerian Empire, refers simultaneously to a 21st to 20th century BC (short chronology timeline) Sumerian ruling dynasty based in the city of Ur and a sho...
Elam
Elam (/ˈiːləm/) was an ancient Pre-Iranic civilization centered in the far west and southwest of what is now modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of what is now Khuzestan and Ilam Province as...
Elam - Wikipedia
Neo-Assyrian Empire
The Neo-Assyrian Empire was an empire in Mesopotamian history which began in 911 BC and ended in 609 BC. During this period, Assyria assumed a position as the most powerful state on Earth, successfull...
Neo-Assyrian Empire - Wikipedia
Neo-Babylonian Empire
The Neo-Babylonian Empire was a period of Mesopotamian history which began in 626 BC and ended in 539 BC. During the preceding three centuries, Babylonia had been ruled by their fellow Akkadian speake...
Neo-Babylonian Empire - Wikipedia
Chaldea
Chaldea or Chaldaea (/kælˈdiːə/), from Ancient Greek: Χαλδαία, Chaldaia; Akkadian: māt Ḫaldu; Hebrew: כשדים‎, Kaśdim; Aramaic: ܟܠܕܘ‎, Kaldo) was a small Semitic nation which emerg...
Chaldea - Wikipedia
Medes
The Medes (/miːdz/, Old Persian Māda-, Ancient Greek: Μῆδοι, Hebrew: מָדַי) were an ancient Iranian people who lived in an area known as Media (North-western Iran and south-east Turkey) and who s...
Medes - Wikipedia
Achaemenid Assyria
Athura (Neo-Aramaic for Assyria) was a geographical area within the Persian Achaemenid Empire held by the last nobility of Aššur (Akkadian), known as Athura (Neo-Aramaic) or Atouria (Greek), during th...
Achaemenid Assyria - Wikipedia
Seleucid Empire
CEThe Seleucid Empire (/sɪˈlʲuːsɪd/), was a Hellenistic state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty founded by Seleucus I Nicator following the division of the empire created by Alexander the Great. Seleucus...
Seleucid Empire - Wikipedia
Greek-Iraqi relations
Greek-Iraqi relations are foreign relations between Greece and Iraq. Relations of the Greek and Iraqi peoples are deeply rooted in history, both have developed cultures that have influenced the cours...
Greek-Iraqi relations - Wikipedia
Parthian Empire
The Parthian Empire (/ˈpɑrθiən/; 247 BC – 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire /ˈɑrsəsɪd/, was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran. Its latter name comes from A...
Parthian Empire - Wikipedia
Asuristan
Asōristān (Middle Persian: 𐭠𐭮𐭥𐭥𐭮𐭲𐭭 Asōristān / Asōrestān) was the name of the Sasanian provinces of Assyria and Babylonia, although the name Asorestan technically meant only Assyria which w...
Asuristan - Wikipedia
Islamic Golden Age
The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period in the history of Islam during the Middle Ages when much of the Muslim world was ruled by various caliphates, experiencing a scientific, economic, and cultu...
Islamic Golden Age - Wikipedia
Abbasid Caliphate
The Abbasid Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة العباسية‎ al-Khilāfah al-‘Abbāsīyah), was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The Abbasid dynasty descended fr...
Persian Gulf War
The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 1990 – 17 January 1991), for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia a...
Persian Gulf War - Wikipedia
Invasion of Iraq
The 2003 invasion of Iraq lasted from 19 March to 1 May 2003 and signaled the start of the conflict that later came to be known as the Iraq War, which was dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United ...
Invasion of Iraq - Wikipedia
Al-Musta'sim (Cairo)
Al-Musta'sim (Arabic: المستعصم بالله‎), also known as al-Mu'tasim (Arabic: المعتصم باالله‎), served twice (first in 1377, then again in 1386–1389) as Abbasid caliph of Cairo under ...
Al-Musta'sim (Cairo) - Wikipedia
Cataphracts: Armored Warriors and their Horses of War
By the 7th and 8th centuries B.C., the role of the chariot in battle was gradually being replaced by cavalry units in the Near East. Some were armed lightly and were used to harass the enemy from afar...
Anshan (Persia)
52°24′28″E / 30.01167°N 52.40778°E / 30.01167; 52.40778Anshan (Persian: انشان Anšan‎, modern Tall-i Malyan), northwest of Shiraz, in the Beyza / Ramjerd plain, in the pr...
Anshan (Persia) - Wikipedia
Xenon (general)
Xenon (in Greek Ξενων) was an officer in the service of Antiochus III the Great (223–187 BC), who was sent, together with Theodotus Hemiolius, against Molon in 221 BC. They retired before Molon...
Xenon (general) - Wikipedia
Abbas Ibn al-Ahnaf
Abu al-Fadl Abbas Ibn al-Ahnaf, (750 in Basra-809), Arabic, عباس بن الأحنف, was an Arab Abbasid poet from the clan of Hanifa. His work consists solely of love poems (ghazal). It is "primarily concerne...
Telesarchus (military commander)
Telesarchus (Greek: Τελέσαρχος, Telesarkhos) was a Syro-Macedonian military commander from the region along the Orontes river. In 279 BC, Antiochus I sent him with a force of 500 men against invad...
Philip II Philoromaeus
Philip II Philorhomaeus (Greek: Φίλιππος Β΄ ὁ Φιλορωμαῖος, "Friend of the Romans") or Barypous (Βαρύπους, "Heavy-foot"), a ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid kingdom, was the son of the Seleucid ki...
Philip II Philoromaeus - Wikipedia
Alexander (grandson of Seleucus I Nicator)
Alexander (flourished 3rd century BC) was an Anatolian nobleman of Greek Macedonian and Persian descent who was a Seleucid official.Alexander was the first son born to Achaeus by an unnamed Greek moth...
Al-Wathiq
Abu Ja'far Harun ibn Muhammad al-Mu'tasim (Arabic: أبو جعفر هارون بن محمد المعتصم‎; 816 – 10 August 847), better known by his regnal name al-Wathiq bi'llah (واثق بالل, "He who trusts in God"...
List of Parthian kings
Below is a list of rulers of the Iranian Parthian Empire (247 BC – 228 AD).For more comprehensive lists of kings and sub-kings of this Era see: There are some old chronologies that differ from the abo...
List of Parthian kings - Wikipedia
Seleucus I Nicator
Seleucus I Nicator (c. 358 BC – 281 BC) (Ancient Greek: Σέλευκος Α΄ Νικάτωρ) was one of the Diadochi. Having previously served as an infantry general under Alexander the Great, he eventually assu...
Seleucus I Nicator - Wikipedia