Islamic astronomy
Islamic astronomy comprises the astronomical developments made in the Islamic world, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age (8th–15th centuries), and mostly written in the Arabic language. These d...
Islamic astronomy - Wikipedia
Ahmad ibn Yusuf
Abu Ja'far Ahmad ibn Yusuf ibn Ibrahim ibn Tammam al-Siddiq Al-Baghdadi (835–912), known in the West by his Latinized name Hametus, was an Arab mathematician, like his father Yusuf ibn Ibrahim (Arabic...
Sahl ibn Bishr
Sahl ibn Bishr al-Israili, more commonly; Rabban al-Tabari often known as Zahel or Zael (c. 786–845 ?) was a Syriac Christian (sometimes reported as Jewish) astrologer, astronomer and mathematici...
Sahl ibn Bishr - Wikipedia
Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī
Abū ‘Abdallāh Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī (Persian: عبد الله محمد بن موسى الخوارزمی‎), earlier transliterated as Algoritmi or Algaurizin, (c. 780 – c. 850) was a Persian mathematician, astron...
Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī - Wikipedia
Maslama al-Majriti
Maslama al-Majriti or Abu al-Qasim al-Qurtubi al-Majriti (Arabic: أبو القاسم مسلمة بن أحمد المجريطي‎, Latin: Methilem; d. 1008 or 1007 CE) was a Muslim astronomer, chemist, mathematician...
Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī
Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm ibn Yaḥyā al-Naqqāsh al-Zarqālī, also known as Al-Zarqali or Ibn Zarqala (1029–1087), was a Muslim instrument maker, astrologer, and one of the leading astronomers of his time...
Khālid ibn ʿAbd al‐Malik al‐Marwarrūdhī
Khālid ibn ʿAbd al‐Malik al‐Marwarrūdhī (Arabic: خالد بن عبدالملك‎) was a Zanji slave who was taken to Persia in the 9th century.Together with ʿAlī ibn ʿĪsā al-Asṭurlābī in 827, he measured...
Ibn al-Kammad
Abu Jafar Ahmad ibn Yusuf ibn al‐Kammad (died 1195) was a Muslim astronomer born in Seville, Al-Andalus. He is known to have been educated in Cordoba by the students of Al-Zarqali. His works such as a...
Ahmad Nahavandi
Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Nahavandi was a Persian astronomer of the 8th and 9th centuries. His name indicates that he was from Nahavand, a city in Iran.He lived and worked at the Academy of Gundishapur, i...
Al-Mahani
Abu-Abdullah Muhammad ibn Īsa Māhānī (ابوعبدالله محمد بن عیسی ماهانی) was a Persian Muslim mathematician and astronomer from Mahan, Kermān, Persia.A series of observations of lunar and solar eclipses ...
Nizam al-Din Nishapuri
Nizam al-Din Hasan al-Nisaburi (d. 1328/9) (in Persian: نظام الدین حسن نیشاپوری) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, jurist, exegete, and poet. His full name was Nizam al-Din Hasan ibn Mohammad i...
Shams al-Din al-Khafri
Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Khafri al-Kashi (died 1550), known as Khafri, was a Persian religious scholar and astronomer at the beginning of the Safavid dynasty, during a period of mass conversi...
Ibn al‐Ha'im al‐Ishbili
Abu Muhammad Abd al-Haqq al‐Ghafiqi al‐Ishbili (Arabic: ابن الهائم), known as Ibn al‐Hāʾim (fl. c. 1213) was a Muslim astronomer and mathematician from Seville in Al-Andalus. He began his studies as a...
Ibn al‐Ha'im al‐Ishbili - Wikipedia
Sharaf al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī
Sharaf al-Dīn al-Muẓaffar ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Muẓaffar al-Ṭūsī (died 1213/4) was a Persian mathematician and astronomer of the Islamic Golden Age (during the Middle Ages).
Tusi was born in Tus, Ir...
Abu-Mahmud Khojandi
Abu Mahmud Hamid ibn Khidr Khojandi (known as Abu Mahmood Khojandi, Alkhujandi or al-Khujandi, Persian: ابومحمود خجندی, c. 940 - 1000) was a Central Asian astronomer and mathematician with Mongol orig...
ʿAbd al‐Wājid
Badr al‐Dīn ʿAbd al‐Wājid (or Wāḥid) ibn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al‐Ḥanafī (born in Mashhad, Iran – 1434 Kütahya, Turkey) was a notable Islamic astronomer who taught in the Ottoman Demirkapi Madrasa, a ...
Abū al-Wafā' Būzjānī
Abū al-Wafāʾ, Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Yaḥyā ibn Ismāʿīl ibn al-ʿAbbās al-Būzjānī or Abū al-Wafā Būzhgānī (Persian: ابوالوفا بوزجانی or بوژگانی‎) (10 June 940 – 15 July 998) was a Persian mathe...
Abū al-Wafā' Būzjānī - Wikipedia
Pretelescopic astronomy
Astronomy is the oldest of the natural sciences, dating back to antiquity, with its origins in the religious, mythological, cosmological, calendrical, and astrological beliefs and practices of pre-his...
Pretelescopic astronomy - Wikipedia
Al-Kharaqī
Abū Muḥammad 'Abd al-Jabbār al-Kharaqī, also Al-Kharaqī was a Persian astronomer and mathematician of the 12th century, born in Kharaq near Merv. He was in the service of Sultan Sanjar at the Persian ...
Al-Kharaqī - Wikipedia
Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī
Abu abdallah Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Fazari (died 796 or 806) was a Muslim philosopher, mathematician and astronomer. He is not to be confused with his father Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī, also an astronomer a...
Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī - Wikipedia
Ali ibn Ridwan
Abu'l Hasan Ali ibn Ridwan Al-Misri (c. 988 - c. 1061) was an Egyptian Muslim physician, astrologer and astronomer, born in Giza.He was a commentator on ancient Greek medicine, and in particular on Ga...
Ali ibn Ridwan - Wikipedia
Al Achsasi al Mouakket
Mohammad Al Achsasi Al Mouakket (Arabic: محمد الاخصاصي الموقت‎ / ALA-LC: Muḥammad al-Akhṣāṣī al-Muwaqqit) was an Egyptian astronomer whose calendarium and catalogue of stars, entitled Durret...
Jamshīd al-Kāshī
Ghiyāth al-Dīn Jamshīd Masʿūd al-Kāshī (or al-Kāshānī) (Persian: غیاث الدین جمشید کاشانی‎ Ghiyās-ud-dīn Jamshīd Kāshānī) (c. 1380 Kashan, Iran – 22 June 1429 Samarkand, Transoxania) was a Persia...
Ma Yize
Ma Yize (ca. 910 - 1005) was an important Arab-Chinese Islamic astronomer and astrologist who worked as the chief official of the astronomical observatory for the Song dynasty.In the early 10th Centu...